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The Colombo-German Air Transport Society ( ), or SCADTA, was Latin America's first airline, operating from 1919 until World War II. After the end of World War II, SCADTA merged with Colombian regional carrier Colombian Air Service ( ), or SACO. Together, SCADTA and SACO formed the current Colombian Flag Carrier: Airline of the American Continent (AerovĂ­as del Continente Americano, or Avianca). Avianca still operates to this day.

SCADTA started out as a small airmail carrier in Colombia, working with Junkers hydro-planes that were capable of landing in Colombia's Magdalena Rivermarker, mostly due to the fact there were very few suitable landing strips in Colombia at the time. The company's Germanmarker ownership motivated the U.S.marker government to subsidize Pan American World Airways expansion in Latin America under the Hoover administration. SCADTA was barred from operating flights to the US and the Panama Canalmarker, although it continued to maintain a broad route network in the Andes region. The formation of Pan American-Grace Airways (Panagra) in the 1930s further eroded SCADTA's position in the market. Prior to World War II, the principal shareholder, an Austrianmarker called Von Bauer, secretly sold his shares to the United Statesmarker in an attempt to protect acquisition of the airline by the Nazi Government. In 1941, following the Japanesemarker attack on Pearl Harbormarker, SCADTA was forced to cease operations and its assets were merged by the Colombianmarker government into the state owned airline SACO, forming the modern Colombian national carrier: Avianca.


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