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The SS Heavy-Panzer Battalion 102 (also known as Schwere SS-Panzer-Abteilung 102) was a heavy-tank battalion of the Waffen SS during World War II, which fought as part of the II SS Panzer Corps during the Battle of Normandy. Renamed as 502nd SS Heavy-Panzer Battalion, the unit was destroyed by the Russians in the Halbe Pocketmarker in Spring 1945.

Formation

In April 1943, the Waffen-SS ordered the creation of a series of Heavy Panzer Battalions — equipped with the new Tiger I tanks — for use in offensive actions on the Eastern Front. Each of the heavy tank battalions would be attached to a Corps of the Waffen SS. Upon formation, the 102nd was attached to the II SS Panzer Corps. Originally, each heavy tank battalion was composed of a single company of Tiger I's, attached to each respective SS Panzer Division in the Panzerkorps. By July 1943, the predecessor of the 102nd — SS Panzer Regiment 2 of the 2nd SS Panzer Division "Das Reich" — was equipped with 14 Tiger I's.

Normandy

The battalion was sent to Normandy after the D Day landings, and took part in the fighting for Point 112marker. The Battalion was almost completely destroyed during the fighting in Normandy and in September 1944, was pulled back to Germany to reform. Stationed in Sennelagermarker. the Battalion was renamed the 502 SS Heavy Panzer Battalion.

The Eastern Front (1945)

Renamed as Schwere SS-Panzer-Abteilung 502 and equipped with Tiger II Tanks (Königstiger), the Battalion took part in the defense against the Russians at the Oder-Front. During the Russian offensive to take Berlinmarker, the Battalion was forced to retreat and was surrounded in the Halbe-Pocket where the Battalion was nearly destroyed. Only a few men could escape into American captivity.

Notable tank commanders



The following men were also awarded the Knight's Cross when serving with the battalion.



Combat History

The 102 SS Heavy Panzer Battalion over its history lost 76 tanks destroyed 600 enemy tanks a kill ratio of 6.89

See also



Footnotes

References

  • Fey, William [1990] (2003). Armor Battles of the Waffen-SS. Stackpole Books. ISBN 978-0-8117-2905-5
  • Ripley, Tim (2005). The Waffen-SS at War: Hitler's Praetorians 1925-1945. Zenith Imprint. ISBN 0760320683
  • Schneider, Wolfgang (2001). Tiger im Kampf II. J.J. Fedorowicz Publishing ISBN 3-935107-02-1


External links




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