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The Saale, also known as the Saxon Saale ( ) and Thuringian Saale ( ), is a river in Germanymarker and a left-bank tributary of the Elbe. It is not to be confused with the smaller Franconian Saalemarker, a right-bank tributary of the Mainmarker, or the Saale in Lower Saxonymarker, a tributary of the Leinemarker.

Course

The Saale originates on the slope of the Waldstein mountain near Zellmarker in the Fichtelgebirgemarker in Upper Franconia (Bavariamarker), at an altitude of 728 m. It pursues a winding course in a northern direction, and after passing the manufacturing town of Hofmarker, enters Thuringiamarker. It flows amid well-wooded low mountains of the Thuringian Forestmarker until it reaches the valley of Saalfeldmarker. After leaving Saalfeld the Saale reaches Rudolstadtmarker. Here it receives the waters of the Schwarzamarker, in whose valley lies the ruined castle of Schwarzburgmarker, the ancestral seat of the formerly ruling House of Schwarzburg.

From Saalfeld the Saale enters the limestone hill region north of the Thuringian Forest, and sweeps beneath the barren, conical hills enclosing the universitymarker town of Jenamarker. It enters Saxony-Anhaltmarker and passes the spa of Bad Kösenmarker, washes numerous vine-clad hills and, after receiving the deep and navigable Unstrutmarker at Naumburgmarker, flows past Weißenfelsmarker, Merseburgmarker, Hallemarker, Bernburgmarker and Calbemarker. It finally joins the Elbe just above Barbymarker, after traversing a distance of (shortened by a bypass from its natural length of ).

The Saale is navigable from Naumburgmarker and is connected with the Weiße Elstermarker near Leipzigmarker by a canal. The soil of the lower part of its valley is exceptionally fertile, and produces, amongst other crops, large supplies of sugar beet. Among its tributaries are the Weiße Elstermarker, Regnitzmarker and Orla on the right bank, and the Ilmmarker, Unstrutmarker, Salzamarker, Wipper and Bodemarker on the left. Its upper course is rapid. Its valley, down to Merseburgmarker, contains many castles which crown the enclosing heights.

Geography

Originating in Zellmarker, the Saale flows through – SparneckmarkerWeißdorfmarker – Seulbitz – Förbau – Schwarzenbach an der Saalemarker – Fattigau – OberkotzaumarkerHofmarker – Brunnenthal – Saalenstein – Joditz – Landesgrenze Bayern/Thüringen – HirschbergSparnberg – Rudolphstein – BlankenbergmarkerBlankensteinmarkerHarramarker – Saaldorf – Saalburgmarker – Poeritzsch – GräfenwarthBurgkmarker – Walsburg – Ziegenrückmarker – Neidenberga – HohenwartemarkerEichichtKaulsdorfmarker – Fischersdorf – Weischwitz – Reschwitz – BreternitzSaalfeldSchwarzaVolkstedtRudolstadtmarker – Catharinau – Kolkwitz – Weißen – Uhlstädtmarker – Rückersdorf – Zeutsch – Niederkrossen – OrlamündemarkerFreienorlamarkerGroßeutersdorfmarkerKleineutersdorfmarkerKahlamarkerGroßpürschützmarker – Jägersdorf – Rothensteinmarker – Maua – LobedaJenamarker – Zwätzen – Porstendorf – DornburgDorndorf-SteudnitzmarkerWichmarmarkerCamburgmarker – Tümpling – Großheringenmarker – Kleinheringen – Landesgrenze Thüringen/Sachsen-Anhalt – Stendorf – SaaleckBad KösenmarkerNaumburgmarker – Schellsitz - Schönburg – Eulau – GoseckmarkerLeißlingmarker – Lobitzsch – Uichteritzmarker – Markweben – Weißenfelsmarker – Dehlitz – Schkortlebenmarker – Kleinkorbetha – GroßkorbethamarkerOebles-SchlechtewitzmarkerWengelsdorfmarkerBad Dürrenbergmarker – Kröllwitz – Leunamarker – Trebnitz – Merseburgmarker – Meuschau – Freiimfelde – Schkopaumarker – Korbetha – Hohenweiden – Rockendorf – HollebenHallemarker – Kröllwitz – Lettin – Brachwitzmarker – Schiepzig – Salzmündemarker – Pfützthal – Döblitzmarker – Zaschwitz – WettinKloschwitzmarker – Rumpin – Dobis – Friedeburgmarker – Zickeritz – Rothenburgmarker – Nelben – Gnölbzig – Trebnitz – AlslebenPoplitz – Großwirschleben – PlötzkaumarkerGrönamarkerNeubornaBernburgDröbelNienburgWedlitzmarker – Damaschke Plan – Wispitz – CalbeTrabitzGroß Rosenburgmarker – Werkleitz

Tributaries

Left (from source to mouth): Right:


Etymology

The name Saale comes from an Indo-European root *selo 'river', akin to Welsh hêl, heledd 'meadow along a river', Cornish heyl 'estuary', Greek élos 'marsh, meadow', Sanskrit sáras 'lake, pond', Sárasvati 'sacred river', Old Persian Harauvati 'Samrkand river', Avestan Haraxvati 'id'.

See also



References




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