Sachs Harbour, Northwest Territories, Canada.
Sachs Harbour is a hamlet located in the Inuvik Region of the Northwest
on the southwestern coast of Banks Island in Canada's Northwest
Territories the population according to the 2006 census count was 122 people.
The two principal languages in the town are Inuvialuktun
. The traditional name for the area
is "Ikahuak", meaning "where you go across to". Bulk supplies of food
and other items are brought by barge in the summer months and
flights from Inuvik, some 325
miles (523 km) to the southwest, operate all year.
Harbour is the only permanent settlement on Banks Island.
The town was named after the ship Mary Sachs
, which was
part of the Canadian Arctic Expedition of 1913. The community's
is based largely on hunting
and trapping, but tourism
also plays a small role. Most of the town
lies within 250 yards of the shoreline. Residents also engage
in ice fishing, harvesting fish from the
Amundsen Gulf and the Beaufort Sea. There is a goose hunt
every spring - Banks
Island being the home to the largest goose colony in
North America. The community is also
home to the largest commercial muskox
harvests in Canada.
Three quarters of the world's population of muskoxen roam the
Sachs Harbour is in the Arctic tundra
climatic zone, characterized by long, extremely cold winters. Since
the activities of many residents of the community revolve around
fishing, hunting, and travel
, many residents
have considerable knowledge of weather
, and even erosion
patterns. Because of climate changes in
recent years, local residents fear their knowledge of weather
patterns may not be of much use, as the weather has become harder
to predict. Since the climate has been changing, sea-ice
has been breaking up earlier than normal,
taking seals farther south in the summer. Seals are one of the main
sources of food for the town. Salmon
for the first time in nearby waters between 1999 and 2001. New
species of birds
are migrating to the island,
including robins and barn swallows, and more flies and mosquitos
have been appearing. Barren-ground Caribou
and Polar Bear
are also seen on the island
Oil and gas exploration has provided jobs over the
years for some Sachs Harbour residents—estimates of commercially
recoverable oil in the Beaufort Sea range from four to 12 billion barrel, and there is believed to be between 13
and of natural gas.
Environmentalists would be likely to oppose oil and gas
development, since the sea off of Sachs Harbour is home to the
endangered Bowhead Whale
On April 26, 2006 the world's first documented wild-born grizzly-polar bear hybrid
near the town.
include a two member Royal Canadian Mounted Police detachment and a health
centre with One nurse.
services are provided by Northwestel
- Canada 2006 Census