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Saint-Acheul is a commune in the Sommemarker department in Picardiemarker in northern Francemarker.

Geography

The commune is situated some north of Amiensmarker, on the junction of the D933 and D99e roads, only a few hundred yards from the border with the Pas-de-Calais

Population

Population history
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006
33 50 45 43 34 22 27
Starting in 1962: Population without duplicates


History

Although a small commune, Saint-Acheul is well known to archaeologists, as it gives its name to the Acheulean industry of stone tool users in Europe, Africa and Asia. The earliest human activity in the area, from the Lower Palaeolithic, was some of the first early prehistoric evidence ever identified.In the middle of the 19th century, flint tools had been found by Dr. Jean-Paul Rigollot Noted French archaeologists Jean Albert Gaudry and Gabriel de Mortillet also investigated the site, the latter coining the term Acheulean for the tools that were discovered. A schoolteacher, one Victor Cormont, discovered a new deposit in a quarry near Saint-Acheul.

In the first century AD the Romans settled the area and a monastery was built in St Acheul during the Middle Ages. Saint Ulphia was a hermit here during the 8th century.

Flintstone tools from Saint Acheul


See also



References

  1. Instruments en silex trouvés à Saint-Acheul (1854).
  2. Pierre Pierrard, Histoire du Nord, Hachette 1978 p. 17



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