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Saint-Malo ( ; Gallo: Saent-Malô) is a walled port city in Brittany in north-western Francemarker on the English Channelmarker. It is a sub-prefecture of the Ille-et-Vilainemarker department.

Demographics

The population can increase to up to 200,000 in the summer tourist season. With the suburbs included, the population is about 135,000.

The population of the commune more than doubled in 1968 with the merging of three communes: Saint-Malo, Saint-Servan (population 14,963 in 1962), and Paramé (population 8811 in 1962).

{{DemogFR | 1793=10,730 | 1800=9147 | 1806=9934 | 1821=9949 | 1831=9981 | 1836=9744 | 1841=10,053 | 1846=10,076 | 1851=9997 | 1856=10,809 | 1861=10,886 | 1866=10,693 | 1872=12,316 | 1876=10,295 | 1881=11,212 | 1886=10,500 | 1891=11,896 | 1896=11,476 | 1901=11,486 | 1906=10,647 | 1911=12,371 | 1921=12,390 | 1926=13,137 | 1931=12,864 | 1936=13,836 | 1946=11,311 | 1954=14,339 | 1962=17,137 | 1968=42,297 | 1975=45,030 | 1982=46,347 | 1990=48,057 | 1999=50,675 | date1=2005 |pop1=49,600 | date2=2007 |pop2=52,737 |

Inhabitants of Saint-Malo are called Malouins, Malouines.

Breton language

In 2007, 0.7% of the children attended the bilingual schools in primary education.

History

Saint-Malo during the Middle Ages was a fortified island at the mouth of the Rance Rivermarker, controlling not only the estuary but the open sea beyond. The promontory fort of Aleth, south of the modern centre in what is now the Saint-Servanmarker district, commanded approaches to the Rance even before the Romans, but modern Saint-Malo traces its origins to a monastic settlement founded by Saint Aaron and Saint Brendan early in the 6th century. Its name is derived from a man said to have been a follower of Brendan, Saint Malo.

Saint-Malo had a tradition of asserting its autonomy in dealings with the French authorities and even with the local Breton authorities. From 1490–1493, Saint-Malo declared itself to be an independent republic, taking the motto "not French, not Breton, but Malouins".

Saint-Malo became notorious as the home of the corsairs, French privateers and sometimes pirates. (In the nineteenth century the city's "piratical" notoriety was portrayed in Jean Richepin's play Le flibustier and in César Cui's like-named opera derived therefrom.) The corsairs of Saint-Malo not only forced English ships passing up the Channel to pay tribute, but also brought wealth from further afield. Jacques Cartier, who sailed the Saint Lawrence Rivermarker and visited the sites of Quebec Citymarker and Montrealmarker — and is thus credited as the discoverer of Canadamarker, lived in and sailed from Saint-Malo, as did the first colonists to settle the Falklandsmarker – hence the islands' French name Îles Malouines, which gave rise to the Spanish name Islas Malvinas.

The commune of Saint-Servanmarker was merged, together with Paramémarker, and became the commune of Saint-Malo in 1967.

Saint Malo was the site of an Anglomarker-Frenchmarker summit in 1998 which led to a significant agreement regarding European defence policy.

Food

Saint-Malo has one of the highest concentration of sea food restaurants in Europe. It is famous for its local oysters from the nearby village of Cancale.

Transport

Saint-Malo is a terminal for ferry services to Poolemarker, Portsmouthmarker and Weymouthmarker in Englandmarker via the Channel Islands. It also has a railway station offering direct TGV service to Parismarker and a bus service provided by Keolis.

Sites of interest

Saint-Malo.
Now inseparably attached to the mainland, Saint-Malo is the most visited place in Brittany. Sites of interest include:



Notable people

Saint-Malo was the birthplace of:
Saint-Malo


Twin towns



Gallery

File:Map_Saint-Malo.jpg|Old map of Saint-MaloFile:GrandBayFort.JPG|The "Fort National" visible from Saint-MaloFile:Dscn4978-rue-du-cafe 600x800.jpg|View up a typical city street towards the cathedralFile:StMaloFromTheWalls.JPG|View of the city from the wallsFile:Saint-Malo cathedral window.jpg|Cathedral windowFile:The city wall of St Malo.JPG|The city wall of St Malo.File:Cartier Plaque.JPG|Commemoration of the Cartier expedition in the floor of the cathedral.File:Collinson, Holy Family.jpg|The Holy Family on a Saint-Malo background, in a painting made by James Collinson in 1878, when he was living in Brittany

See also



References



External links




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