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Saline County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missourimarker. In 2000, the population was 23,756. Its county seat is Marshallmarker . The county was established in 1820 and named for the region's salt springs.


Saline County was settled primarily by migrants from the Upper South states of Kentuckymarker, Tennesseemarker and Virginiamarker. They quickly started cultivating crops similar to those in Middle Tennessee and Kentucky: hemp and tobacco. Saline was one of several counties settled mostly by southerners to the north and south of the Missouri River.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 765 square miles (1,980 km²), of which, 756 square miles (1,957 km²) of it is land and 9 square miles (23 km²) of it (1.18%) is water.

Adjacent counties

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National protected area


At the 2000 census , there were 23,756 people, 9,015 households and 6,013 families residing in the county. The population density was 31 per square mile (12/km²). There were 10,019 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.03% White, 5.39% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.21% Pacific Islander, 2.09% from other races, and 1.62% from two or more races. 4.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.7% were of German, 18.2% Americanmarker, 9.8% English and 9.3% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 9,015 households of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.90% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.30% were non-families. 28.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.97.

In Age distribution was 24.30% under the age of 18, 12.00% from 18 to 24, 25.20% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 16.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.70 males.

The median household income was $32,743, and the median family income was $39,234. Males had a median income of $27,180 versus $19,431 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,132. About 10.50% of families and 13.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.90% of those under age 18 and 8.60% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns


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