Salt Lake City is the
capital and the most populous
city of the U.S. state of Utah.
name of the city is often shortened to Salt Lake
. Salt Lake City has a population of 181,698 as of July
1, 2008, making it the 125th largest city in
the United States
. The Salt Lake City metropolitan
area spans Salt Lake, Summit and Tooele counties, and has a total estimated population of 1,115,692
as of July 1, 2008. Salt Lake City is further situated in a
larger urban area known as the Wasatch Front and is part of the Salt Lake
City-Ogden-Clearfield CSA that
has an estimated population of 1,717,261.
estimated population of the Wasatch Front (Salt Lake CSA and Provo
MSA) is 2,196,755 as of July 1, 2008.
The city was founded in 1847 as Great Salt Lake City by a group of
led by their
prophet, Brigham Young
, who fled
hostility and violence in the Midwestern United States
extensively irrigated and cultivated the arid valley and faced
persecution from the U.S. government for their practice of polygamy
, which was abandoned in 1890. Today, Salt
Lake City is still home to the headquarters of The Church of
Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
(LDS, also known as the
Mormon Church). According to data from the LDS Church, the
State of Utah, combined with IRS and Census Bureau estimates,
County was 53% LDS in 2004, as reported in the Salt Lake
and the construction of the
initially brought economic growth, and the city was
nicknamed the Crossroads of the West. Salt Lake City has since
developed a strong outdoor
tourist industry based primarily on skiing
. Salt Lake City was host to the 2002 Winter Olympics
and is the
the United States.
Before Mormon settlement, the Shoshone
, and Paiute
dwelt in the Salt Lake Valley for thousands of years. At the time
of the founding of Salt Lake City the valley was within the
territory of the Northwestern
; however, occupation was seasonal, near streams
emptying from Canyons into the Salt Lake Valley. The land was
treated by the United States as public domain; no aboriginal title
by the Northwestern Shoshone was ever recognized by the United
States or extinguished by treaty with the United States. The first
US explorer in the Salt Lake area is believed to be Jim Bridger
in 1825, although others had been in
Utah earlier, some as far north as the nearby Utah Valley (the
Dominguez-Escalante expedition of 1776 were undoubtedly cognizant
of the Salt Lake valley). U.S. Army officer John C. Frémont surveyed the Great Salt Lake and the Salt Lake Valley in 1843 and 1845.
party, a group of ill-fated pioneers, had traveled
through the Great Salt Lake Valley in August 1846.
The first permanent settlements in the valley date to the arrival
of the Latter-day Saints on July 24, 1847. They had traveled
beyond the boundaries of the United States seeking an isolated area
to practice their religion, away from the hostility they had faced
in the East.
Upon arrival, President of the
Church Brigham Young
as stating, "this is the place", after seeing the area in a
. They found the broad
valley empty of any human settlement.
after arriving in the Salt Lake Valley, Brigham Young designated
the site for the Salt Lake Temple,
intended to be the third temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of
Latter-day Saints, to replace the abandoned Kirtland
Temple in Ohio and Nauvoo
Temple in Illinois.
Constructed on Temple Square, in the center of the city, the temple took 40
years to complete, being started in 1853 and dedicated on April 6,
These delays meant that temples in St. George, Logan
and Manti were completed before the Salt Lake Temple The temple has
become iconic of the city and is its centerpiece. In fact, the
southeast corner of Temple Square is the initial point of reference
for the Salt Lake Meridian
for all addresses in the Salt Lake Valley.
Part of Main Street 1890
The Mormon pioneers
organized a new
state called Deseret
for its recognition in 1849. The United States Congress
settlers in 1850 and established the Utah
, vastly reducing its size. Great Salt Lake City
replaced Fillmore as the territorial capital in 1858, and the name
was subsequently abbreviated to Salt Lake City.
population swelled with an influx of religious converts, making it
one of the most populous cities in the American Old West
Disputes with the federal government ensued over the widespread
Mormon practice of polygamy
. A climax
occurred in 1857 when President James
declared the area in rebellion after Brigham Young
refused to step down as
governor, beginning the Utah War
division of the United States
, commanded by Albert
, later a general in the army of the Confederate
States of America, marched through the city and found that it had
been evacuated. This division set up Camp
approximately 40 miles (65 km) southwest of the
city. Another military installation, Fort
Douglas, was established in 1862 to maintain Union allegiance during the
American Civil War.
leaders were incarcerated at the territorial prison in Sugar
House in the 1880s for violation of anti-polygamy
The LDS Church began their eventual abandonment of
polygamy in 1890, releasing "The
which officially suggested that members obey the
law of the land (which was equivalent to forbidding new polygamous
marriages inside the U.S. and its territories, but not in Mormon
settlements in Canada and Mexico). This paved the way for statehood
in 1896, when Salt Lake City became the state capital.
Railroad was completed in 1869 at Promontory Summit on the north side of the Great Salt Lake.
Men lounging outside saloon &
Chinese laundry, 1910
A railroad was connected to the city from
the Transcontinental Railroad in 1870, making travel less
burdensome. Mass migration of different groups followed. Ethnic
Chinese (who laid most of the Central Pacific railway) established
a flourishing Chinatown in Salt Lake City nicknamed "Plum Alley,"
which housed around 1,800 Chinese during the early 20th century.
The Chinese businesses and residences were demolished in 1952
although a historical marker has been erected among the commercial
buildings which have replaced Plum Alley. Immigrants also found
economic opportunities in the booming mining
. Remnants of a once-thriving Japantown - namely a
Buddhist temple and Japanese Christian chapel - still remain in
downtown Salt Lake City. European ethnic groups constructed St.
Cathedral in 1874, the Greek
Orthodox Holy Trinity Cathedral in 1905 and the Roman
Catholic Cathedral of the Madeleine in 1909.
This time period also saw the
creation of Salt Lake City's now defunct red-light district
that employed 300
at its height before being
closed down in 1911.
During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, an extensive
streetcar system was constructed throughout the city with the first
streetcar running in 1872 and electrification of the system in
1889. As in the rest of the country, the automobile usurped the
streetcar and the last trolley ran in 1945. Rail transit was
re-introduced when TRAX
, a light rail
system, opened in 1999.
The city's population began to stagnate during the 20th century as
population growth shifted to suburban areas
north and south of the city. Few of these areas were annexed to the
city, while nearby towns incorporated and expanded themselves. As a
result, the population of the surrounding metropolitan area greatly
outnumbers that of Salt Lake City. A major concern of recent
government officials has been combating inner-city commercial
decay. The city lost population from the 1960s through the 1980s,
but experienced some recovery in the 1990s. Presently, the city is
losing population again (though that of the metro area continues to
grow), having lost an estimated 2 percent of its population since
the year 2000.
The city has experienced significant demographic shifts in recent
now account for
approximately 22% of residents and the city has a large gay community
. There is also a large Pacific Islander
population, mainly made up of Samoans and Tongans; they compose roughly 1% of the population of the
Salt Lake Valley area.
Salt Lake City was selected to host the 2002 Winter Olympics
in 1995. The games
were plagued with controversy. A bid scandal
surfaced in 1998
alleging that bribes had been offered to secure the city for the
2000 games location. During the games, other scandals erupted over
contested judging scores and illegal drug use. Despite the
controversies, the games were heralded as a financial success,
being one of the few in recent history to profit. In preparation
major construction projects were initiated. Local freeways
were expanded and repaired, and a light rail
system was constructed. Olympic venues
are now used for local, national, and international sporting events
and Olympic athlete training. Tourism has increased since the
Olympic games, but business did not pick up immediately following
City hosted the 16th Winter Deaflympic games in 2007, taking place
in the venues in Salt Lake City and Park City, and Rotary International chose the city as the host site of their 2007
convention, which was the single largest gathering in Salt Lake
City since the 2002 Winter
The U.S. Volleyball Association convention in
2005 drew 39,500 attendees.
Salt Lake City is located at . The total area is 110.4 square
miles (285.9 km²) and has an average elevation of
4,327 feet (1,320 m) above sea level. The lowest point
within the boundaries of the city is near the Jordan River
and the Great Salt Lake,
and the highest is Grandview Peak, at .
The city is located in the northeast corner of the Salt Lake Valley
surrounded by the Great
Salt Lake to the northwest and the steep Wasatch
mountain ranges on the eastern and
western borders, respectively. Its encircling mountains contain
many narrow glacially and volcanically carved canyons. Among them, City Creek, Emigration, Millcreek, and Parley's border Salt Lake City
Lake is separated from Salt Lake City by extensive
marshlands and mudflats.
The metabolic activities of
bacteria in the lake result in a phenomenon known as "lake stink",
a scent reminiscent of foul poultry eggs, two to three times per
year for a few hours. The Jordan River flows through the city and
is a drainage of Utah
Lake that empties into the Great Salt Lake.
highest mountaintop visible from Salt Lake City is Twin
Peaks, which reaches 11,330 feet (3454 m).
Peaks is located southeast of Salt Lake in the Wasatch Range
. The Wasatch Fault
is found along the western base
of the Wasatch and is considered overdue for an earthquake as large
as 7.5. Catastrophic damage is predicted in the event of an
earthquake with major damage resulting from the liquefaction
of the clay- and sand-based soil
and the possible permanent flooding of portions of the city by the
Great Salt Lake.
The second-highest mountain range is the Oquirrhs
, reaching a maximum height of
10,620 feet (3,237 m) at Flat Top. The Traverse Mountains
to the south extend to
6,000 feet (1,830 m), nearly connecting the Wasatch and
Oquirrh Mountains. The mountains near Salt Lake City are easily
visible from the city and have sharp vertical relief caused by
massive ancient earthquakes, with a maximum difference of 7,099
feet (2164 m) being achieved with the rise of Twin Peaks from the
Salt Lake Valley floor.
Lake Valley floor is the ancient lakebed of Lake
existed at the end of the last Ice
Several Lake Bonneville shorelines can be
distinctly seen on the foothills or benches of nearby
as well as the county, is laid out on a grid
plan; Most major streets run very nearly north-south and
There is about a fourteen to fifteen minute of arc
variation of the grid from true
north. The grid's origin is the southeast corner of
Square, the block containing the Salt Lake Temple of the Church of Jesus
Christ of Latter-day Saints; the north-south axis is Main Street;
and the east-west axis is South Temple Street.
system (similarly to latitude
). One hundred units are equal to 1/8th
of a mile (200 m), the length of blocks in downtown Salt Lake City.
The streets are relatively wide, at the direction of Brigham Young,
who wanted them wide enough that a wagon
could turn around without "resorting to profanity." These wide
streets and grid pattern are typical of other Mormon towns of the
pioneer era throughout the West.
Though the nomenclature may initially confuse new arrivals and
visitors, most consider the grid system an aid to navigation. Some
streets have names, such as State Street, which would otherwise be
known as 100 East. Other streets have honorary names, such as the
western portion of 300 South, named "Adam Galvez Street" (in honor
of a local Marine corporal killed in action) or others honoring
, Martin Luther King, Jr.
, César Chávez
. These honorary names
appear only on street signs and can be used in postal
Avenues neighborhood, north-south streets are given letters
of the alphabet, and east-west streets are numbered in
2.5 acre (10,100 m²) blocks, smaller than those in the
rest of the city.
, founder of The
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, planned the layout in
the "Plat of the City of Zion
(intended as a template for Mormon towns wherever they might be
built). In his plan the city was to be developed into 135 lots.
However, the blocks in Salt Lake City became irregular during the
late 19th century when the LDS Church lost authority over growth
and before the adoption of zoning ordinances in the 1920s. The
original blocks allowed for large garden plots, and many were
supplied with irrigation water from ditches that ran approximately
where modern curbs and gutters would be laid. The original water
supply was from City
. Subsequent development of water resources was from
successively more southern streams flowing from the mountains to
the east of the city. Some of the old irrigation ditches are still
visible in the eastern suburbs, or are still marked on maps, years
after they were gone.
- See also:
Buildings and sites of Salt Lake City, Utah - Neighborhoods and
Salt Lake City has many informal neighborhoods. The eastern portion
of the city has higher property values than its western
counterpart. This is a result of the railroad being built in the
western half as well as scenic views from inclined grounds in the
eastern portion. Housing is more affordable on the west side, which
results in demographic
was also built in
a north-south line, further dividing east and west sides of the
The west side of the city has historically been a working-class
neighborhood, but recently the more affordable nature of the area
has enticed many professionals to the neighborhood. For example, the
small, increasingly trendy Marmalade District on the west side of
Capitol Hill, once considered seedy as few as 5–10 years ago,
was heavily gentrified and is now thought of as an eclectic and
desirable location. During the 1970s and 1980s, gang activity
was also centered in the western neighborhoods of Rose
Park, Poplar Grove, and Glendale.
House, in southeastern Salt Lake City, has a reputation
as a liberal neighborhood and until recently possessed a district
of locally-owned specialty and niche shops on the corner of 2100
South and 1100 East.
The stores that once occupied the
street have recently moved to new locations to make way for a
condominium and office complex, although the developers have stated
that they wish to maintain the character of the area, and retail
shops will be allowed at street-level once the complex is
completed. Despite these assurances, residents have been very vocal
in their concerns that the neighborhood will lose its unique
eclectic appeal and have panned what they call the destruction of
one of the few locally-owned business districts in the
northeast of Downtown is The
Avenues, a neighborhood outside of the regular grid system
on much smaller blocks.
This area is a Historical District
that is nearly entirely residential, and contains many historical
Victorian era homes. The Avenues are situated on the upward-sloping
bench in the foothills of the Wasatch
, with the earlier built homes in the lower elevation.
Avenues, along with Federal
Heights, just to the east and north of the University
of Utah, and the Foothill area, south of the University, contain gated
communities, large, multi-million dollar houses, and fantastic
views of the valley.
Many consider this some of the most
desirable real estate in the valley.
In addition to larger centers like Sugar House and Downtown, Salt
Lake City contains several smaller neighborhoods, each named after
the closest major intersection. Two examples are the 9th and 9th (located at the intersection of 900 East and 900
South Streets) and 15th & 15th (located at the intersection of
1500 East and 1500 South Streets) neighborhoods.
are home to foot-traffic friendly, amenities-based businesses such
as art galleries, clothing retail, salons, restaurants and coffee
shops. During the summer of 2007, 9th and 9th saw sidewalk and
street improvements as well as an art installation inspired by the
9 Muses of Greek myth, thanks in part to the 9th and 9th Merchants
Many of the homes in the valley date from pre-World War II times,
and only a select few areas, such as Federal Heights and the East
Bench, as well as the far west side, including parts of Rose Park
and Glendale, have seen new home construction since the
of Salt Lake City is
characterized as a semi-arid
climate (Köppen BSk
), with four distinct seasons. Both
summer and winter are long, with hot, dry summers and cold, snowy
winters, and with spring and fall serving as brief but comfortable
transition periods. The city receives 16.50 inches
(419 mm) of precipitation annually. Spring is the wettest
season, while summer is very dry. Snow occurs on average from
November 6 to April 18, producing a total average of
62.7 inches (159 cm).
primary source of precipitation in Salt Lake City is massive
Pacific storms that move in from the Pacific Ocean along the jet stream from
approximately October through May.
Particularly cold storms
have brought measurable snow as early as September 17 and as late
as May 18. The nearby Great Salt Lake can help enhance rain from
some of these storms and produces lake-effect snow
approximately 6 to 8 times
per year, some of which can drop excessive snowfalls. It is
estimated that about 10% of the annual precipitation in the city
can be attributed to the lake effect. After the Pacific
train of storms has shut off and the jet stream has retreated far
to the north during summer, the primary source of precipitation is
afternoon thunderstorms generated by monsoon
moisture moving up from the Gulf of California during mid-to-late summer.
can be heavy, these storms are usually scattered in coverage and
the dry weather often causes the rain to evaporate before ever
reaching the ground (virga
). The remnants of
from the East
Pacific can very occasionally make their way into the city during
September and October. The remnants of Hurricane
helped bring the record monthly precipitation of 7.04 in
(179 mm) in September 1982.
Salt Lake City features large variations in temperatures between
seasons. During summer, there are an average of 56 days per year
with temperatures of at least 90 °F (32 °C), 23 days of at least 95
°F (35 °C), and 5 days of 100 °F (38 °C). However, low humidity
makes these temperatures feel comparatively comfortable; average
daytime July humidity is 22%. Winters are quite cold but rarely
frigid, frequently remaining below freezing. There are an average
of 127 days that drop to or below 32 °F (0 °C), and 3 days at or
below 0 °F (-18 °C). There are also an average of 26 days with high
temperatures at or below freezing. The record high temperature is
107 °F (42 °C), which occurred first on July 26, 1960 and again on
July 13, 2002, while the record low is -30 °F (-34 °C), which
occurred on February 9, 1933.
During mid-winter, strong areas of high pressure often situate
themselves over the Great Basin
to strong temperature
. This causes air
and thick smog
in the valley for
several days to weeks at a time and can result in the worst
air-pollution levels in the U.S., reducing air quality to unhealthy
levels. Aside from occasional heavy snows in winter, severe weather
is very rare. However, an F2 tornado
did hit downtown on August 11
, killing 1
person, injuring 60, and causing $170 million in damage. It was the
first tornado fatality in Utah in 115 years (and only the second in
At the 2005-2007 American Community Survey Estimates, the city's
population was 80.6% White (67.3% non-Hispanic White alone), 4.0%
Black or African American, 1.9% American Indian and Alaska Native,
4.7% Asian, 1.5% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, 9.4%
from some other race and 2.0% from two or more races. 21.5% of the
total population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
37.0% of the population had a Bachelor's degree or higher. 18.5% of
the population was foreign born and another 1.1% was born in Puerto
Rico, U.S. Island areas, or born abroad to American parent(s).
27.0% spoke a language other than English at home.
As of the census
of 2000, there are 181,743
people (up from 159,936 in 1990), 71,461 households, and 39,803
families residing in the city. This amounts to 8.1% of Utah's
population, 20.2% of Salt Lake County's population, and 13.6% of the Salt Lake
Salt Lake City proper covers 14.2%
of Salt Lake County. Salt Lake City is more densely populated than
the surrounding metro area with a population density
(1,666.1/sq mi). There are 77,054 housing units at an average
density of 706.4/sq mi (272.7/km²).
Lake City-Ogden metropolitan area, which included Salt
Lake, Davis, and Weber counties, had a population of 1,333,914 in 2000, a
24.4% increase over the 1990 figure of 1,072,227.
2000 Census, the Census Bureau has added Summit and Tooele counties to the Salt Lake City metropolitan area,
but removed Davis and Weber counties and designated them as the
separate Ogden-Clearfield metropolitan area. The Salt Lake
City-Ogden-Clearfield combined statistical area, together with the
Provo-Orem metropolitan area, which lies to the south, have a
combined population of 2,094,035 as of July 1, 2008.
There are 71,461 households, out of which 27.0% have children under
the age of 18 living with them, 41.1% are married couples living
together, 10.2% have a female householder with no husband present,
and 44.3% are other types of households. Of the 71,461 households,
3,904 were reported to be unmarried partner households: 3,047
heterosexual, 458 same-sex male, and 399 same-sex female. 33.2% of
all households are made up of individuals, and 9.7% have someone
living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household
size is 2.48, and the average family size is 3.24.
In the city the population is spread out with:
- 23.6% under the age of 18
- 15.2% from 18 to 24
- 33.4% from 25 to 44
- 16.7% from 45 to 64
- 11.0% who are 65 years of age or older
The median age is 30 years. For every 100 females there are 102.6
males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 101.2
males.The median income
for a household
in the city is $36,944, and the median
income for a family is $45,140. Males have a median income of
$31,511 versus $26,403 for females. The per capita income
for the city is $20,752.
15.3% of the population and 10.4% of families are below the
. Out of the total
population, 18.7% of those under the age of 18 and 8.5% of those 65
and older are living below the poverty line.
Large family sizes and low housing vacancy rates, which have
inflated housing costs along the Wasatch
, have led to one out of every six residents living below
the poverty line.
Less than 50% of Salt Lake City's residents are members of The
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. This is a much lower
proportion than in Utah's more rural municipalities; altogether,
LDS members make up about 62% of Utah's population.
Park and Glendale sections are predominantly Spanish-speaking with Latinos accounting
for 60% of public school-children.
The Centro Civico
Mexicano acts as a community gathering point for the Wasatch
Front's estimated 300,000 Latinos, Mexican President Vicente Fox
began his U.S. tour in the city in
2006. Bosnian, Sudanese, Afghani, Bantu,
Burmese and Russian refugees have
settled in the city under government programs. The large Pacific
Islander population, mainly Samoan and Tongan, is also
centered in the Rose Park, Glendale, and Poplar Grove
Most of Salt Lake City's ethnic Pacific Islanders
are members of the LDS Church though various Samoan and
Tongan-speaking congregations are situated throughout the Salt Lake
area including Samoan Congregational, Tongan Wesleyan Methodist,
and Roman Catholic.
Salt Lake City has been considered one of the top 51 "gay-friendly
places to live" in the U.S. The city is home to a large, business
savvy, organized, and politically supported gay community. Leaders
of the Episcopal
Church's Diocese of Utah, as
well as Utah's largest Jewish
the Salt Lake Kol Ami, along with three elected representatives of
the city identify themselves as gay. These developments have
attracted controversy from socially conservative officials
representing other regions of the state. A 2006 study by
UCLA estimates that approximately 7.6% of the city's
population, or almost 14,000 people, are openly gay, lesbian, or
bisexual, compared to just 3.7%, or just over 60,000 people, for
the metropolitan area as a whole.
In 2007 Salt Lake City was ranked by Forbes Magazine
as the most vain city in
America based on the number of plastic surgeons per 100,000 and
their spending habits on cosmetics, which exceed that of cities of
similar size. The city was also found to be the 8th most
A 2008 study by Men's Health and Women's Health magazines found
Salt Lake City to be the healthiest city for women by looking at 38
different factors, including cancer rates, air quality and the
number of gym memberships.
Recreational tourism in the Wasatch
Mountains is a major source of employment
The modern economy of Salt Lake City is service-oriented.
past, nearby steel, mining and railroad operations provided a
strong source of income with Silver King Coalition Mines,
Steel, Bingham Canyon Mine, and oil
Today the city's major industries are
government, trade, transportation, utilities, and professional and
business services. The city is known as the "Crossroads of the
West" for its central geography in the western United States. As a
result, Interstate 15
major corridor for freight traffic and the area is host to many
regional distribution centers.
state, and federal governments have their largest presence in the
city proper itself, and trade, transportation, and utilities also
take up a significant portion of employment, with the major
employer being the western North America Delta Air Lines hub at Salt Lake
City International Airport.
Equally significant are the professional
and business services, while health services and health educational
services also serve as significant areas of employment.
major employers include the University of Utah, Sinclair Oil
Corporation, and The Church of
Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
Downtown Salt Lake City in 2008
Besides its central offices, the LDS Church owns and operates a
profit division, Deseret
and its subsidiaries, which are
headquartered in the city. Other notable firms headquartered in the
city include AlphaGraphics
, Sinclair Oil Corporation
, Zions Bancorporation
, Smith's Food and Drug
national grocer Kroger
). Notable firms based
in the metropolitan area include Arctic Circle Restaurants
, and Overstock.com
. Metropolitan Salt Lake was also once the
headquarters of Kentucky Fried
Chicken (the first ever KFC is located in South Salt
Stores, the Skaggs Companies,
one of the first-ever department
stores; it is currently owned by Macy's, Inc. Former ZCMI stores
now operate under the Macy's
label. Suburban Salt Lake was also the first
location for Sears Grand (at the
Landing shopping center in West Jordan).
Since Utah is one of seven states that allow the establishment of
commercially-owned industrial banks, the vast majority of industrial banks
in the U.S. have
established their headquarters in the Salt Lake City area.
High-tech firms with a large presence in the suburbs include
Other economic activities include tourism
, and major suburban
call centers. Tourism has increased since the 2002 Olympic Winter Games
many hotels and restaurants were built for the events. The convention
industry has expanded since the construction of the Salt Palace convention center in the late 1990s, which hosts
trade shows and conventions, including the annual Outdoor Retailers
meeting and Novell's annual BrainShare convention.
the largest potato producer in Idaho, the
United Potato Growers
of America, announced that it would re-locate its headquarters to Salt Lake City, citing its need
for a large international
airport, being that Salt Lake City International is
busiest in the world in terms of combined freight and
The announcement led some members of the Idaho
legislature to propose legislation changing the state license
plate, which currently reads "Famous Potatoes".
Skyscrapers in Downtown
In 2005, it was found the downtown area was experiencing rapid
population growth. The number of residential units in the central
business district has increased by 80% since 1995, and is forecast
to nearly double in the next decade. The City Creek development of
the LDS Church will be adding 300 units in its first phase
including the . tall City
Creek condominium tower
, Allen Millo Associates currently has
two projects under construction and two more planned, all 200 units
have been sold before construction of a seven-story condominium
planned by Wood Property, a residential tower is planned for
Trolley Square, and this is after the recent completion of the
Northgate Apartments and 12-story condominiums at Gateway with two
more buildings finished nearby and the Liberty Metro apartments
near Library Square.
Office vacancy rates are low in the downtown region. In response,
two new large buildings are being constructed. The first is eight
stories and located in the Gateway District, while the second will
be 22 stories high and is currently under construction on Main
Street. In addition, the historic Walker Bank Building is currently
undergoing major renovations that will enable it to achieve Class A
office space status. Construction of the Gateway District, light rail
, and planned commuter rail
service have supported the revival
Law and government
Since 1979 Salt Lake City has had a nonpartisan mayor-council form of government
and the seven councilors
are elected to four-year terms. Mayoral
elections are held the same year as three of the councilors. The
other four councilors are staggered two years from the mayoral.
Council seats are defined by geographic population boundaries. Each
councilor represents approximately 26,000 citizens. Officials are
not subject to term limits
. The most
recent election was held in 2007.
The city has elected Democratic Party
candidates since the 1970s. Councilors are elected under specific
issues and are usually well-known. Labor
play no significant role. The city has two elected
openly gay women
and an openly gay
man, representing the city in the State House and
The separation of church
was the most heated topic in the days of the Liberal Party
and People's Party of Utah
, when many
candidates would be LDS Bishops. This tension is still reflected
today with the Bridging the Religious Divide
This campaign was initiated when some city residents complained
that the Utah political establishment was unfair in its dealings
with non-LDS residents by giving the LDS Church preferential
treatment, while LDS residents perceived a growing anti-Mormon
bias in city politics.
The city's political demographics are liberal
. This stands in
stark contrast to the majority of Utah where Republican
views generally dominate.
officials of Salt Lake City as of 2008
|Ralph Becker (D)
|Van Blair Turner
|Jill Remington Love
The city is home to several non-governmental think-tanks and
advocacy groups such as the conservative Sutherland Institute, the
gay-rights group Equality Utah, and the quality-growth advocates
Envision Utah. Salt Lake hosted many foreign dignitaries
during the 2002 Winter
Olympics, and in 2006 the President of Mexico began his U.S. tour
in the city and Israel's ambassador to the United States opened a cultural
President George W.
visited in 2005 and again in
2006 for national veterans' conventions, both visits of which were
protested by then-Mayor Rocky
. Other political leaders such as Howard Dean
gave speeches in the city in 2005.
In 1847 pioneer Jane Dillworth held the first classes in her tent
for the children of the first LDS families. In the last part of the
1800s, there was much controversy over how children in the area
should be educated. LDS and non-LDS could not agree on the level of
religious influence in schools. Today, many LDS youths in grades 9
through 12 attend some form of religious instruction, referred to
. Students are released from
public schools at various times of the day to attend seminary. LDS
seminaries are usually within walking distance of public schools
and are located on church-owned property.
of high birth rates and large classrooms, Utah spends less per
student than any other state yet simultaneously spends more per
capita than any state with the exception of Alaska.
Money is always a challenge, and many businesses donate to support
schools. Several districts have set up foundations to raise money.
Recently, money was approved for the reconstruction of more than
half of the elementary schools and one of the middle schools in the
Salt Lake City School
, which serves most of Salt Lake City proper.
twenty-three elementary schools, five middle schools, three high
schools (Highland, East, and West, with the former South
High being converted to the South City campus of the
Community College), and an alternative high school (Horizonte)
located within the school district.
In addition, Highland
has recently been selected as the site for the charter school Salt
Lake School for the Performing Arts (SPA), while Salt Lake City
proper also holds many Catholic schools, including Judge Memorial
High School. Rowland
Hall-St. Mark's School
, established in 1867 by Episcopal
Bishop Daniel Tuttle
, is the area's premier independent school
City Public Library system consists of the main library downtown, and
five branches in various neighborhoods.
The main library,
designed by renowned architect Moshe
, opened in 2003. In 2006, the Salt Lake City Public
Library was named "Library of the Year" by the American Library
Postsecondary educational options in Salt
Lake City include the University of Utah, Westminster College, Salt Lake Community College, BYU Salt Lake Center, Eagle Gate
College, The Art
Institute of Salt Lake City and LDS Business College.
also many trade and technical schools such as Healing Mountain
Massage School and the Utah College of Massage Therapy. The
University of Utah is noted for its research and medical programs.
It was one of the original four universities to be connected to
, the predecessor to the Internet
, in 1969, and was also the site of the
first artificial heart transplant
Museums and the arts
Salt Lake is home to several museums
Square is the Church
Operated by the The Church of
Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
, the museum contains
collections of artifacts, documents, art, photographs, tools,
clothing and furniture from the history
of the LDS Church
, which spans nearly two centuries.
of Utah campus is home to the Utah Museum
of Fine Arts as well as the Utah Museum
of Natural History. West of the university, located at the
District near downtown, is the Clark Planetarium, which also houses an IMAX
theater. Also in the Gateway District is Discovery
Gateway, a children's
museums include the Utah State Historical Society, Daughters of Utah Pioneers
Memorial Museum, Fort Douglas Military Museum, and the Social Hall Heritage Museum.
December 5, 2007, the Salt Lake Chamber and Downtown Alliance
announced that a two-block section of downtown south of the planned
Center is planned to become a new arts hub.
will include renovations to two theaters already located in the
area, as well as a new theater with a seating capacity of 2,400 and
increased space for galleries and artists. The opening of the new
facilities are anticipated to coincide with the opening of the City
Creek Center in 2011. The site of the $81.5 million theater was
officially revealed and attempts to secure funding began. However,
the plans for the theater have come under criticism, especially
from nearby smaller theaters that host off-Broadway tours who claim
that such a theater cannot be supported and that it will negatively
affect their business.
Salt Lake City provides many venues for both professional and
amateur theatre. The city attracts many traveling Broadway and off-Broadway
performances which perform in the historic Capital Theater.
professional acting companies include the Pioneer
Theatre Company, Salt Lake Acting Company, Hale Center theater, and
Plan-B Theatre Company.
The Off Broadway Theatre, located in
Salt Lake's historic Clift Building, features comedy plays and
Utah's longest running improv
troupe, Laughing Stock.
Salt Lake City is the home of the Mormon Tabernacle Choir
, founded in
1847. The Choir's weekly program, called Music and the Spoken Word
the longest-running continuous network broadcast in the world. Salt
Lake City is also the home to the Utah Symphony Orchestra
, which was
founded in 1940 by Maurice
and has become widely renowned. Its current director
is Keith Lockhart
. The orchestra's
original home was the Salt Lake Tabernacle, but since the 1990s has performed at Abravanel
Hall in the western downtown area.
Salt Lake City
area is also home to the award winning children's choir, The Salt Lake Children's
. The Choir was established in 1979 and is directed by
Ralph B. Woodward.
The University of Utah is home to two highly-ranked dance
departments, the Ballet Department and the Department of
. Professional dance companies in Salt Lake City
include Ballet West
, Rire Woodbury Dance
Company (which celebrated it's 45th anniversary season in
2008/2009) and Repertory Dance
. RWDC and RDT both call the Rose Wagner Theater
Another unique performing arts company in Salt Lake City is Another
Language Performing Arts Company, founded int 1985 by Elizabeth and
Jimmy Miklavcic. Another Language developed the interdisciplinary
telematic performance form called InterPlay.
The city has a local music scene dominated by blues
, rock and roll
, and emo
There are also many clubs which offer musical venues. Popular
groups or persons who started in the Wasatch Front area or were
raised and influenced by it include The
, The Brobecks
, Meg and Dia
, The Summer Obsession
, Josh Rosenthal
. In 2004 over 200 bands submitted
tracks for a compilation by a local music zine
("Salt Lake Underground"). The 18-year-old free
monthly zine trimmed the submissions to 59 selections featuring
diverse music types such as hip-hop
punk, and a variety of rock and roll.
Movies and television
, music videos, commercials, and TV
shows have been recorded in the Salt Lake metropolitan area. They
include: SLC Punk!
, Touched by an Angel
Dawn of the Dead
Drive Me Crazy
, Forever Strong
, High School Musical
, High School Musical 2
Musical 3: Senior Year
, Legally Blonde 2: Red,
White & Blonde
, Unaccompanied Minors
, Dumb and Dumber
, Halloween 4: The Return
of Michael Myers
, Halloween 5: The
Revenge of Michael Myers
, Halloween: The Curse of
, Independence Day
, Poolhall Junkies
, The Brown Bunny
, The World's Fastest Indian
The Way of the Gun
Carnival of Souls
The Amazing Race 8
The Postal Service
"Such Great Heights"
it was revealed that Dan Brown, the author
of The DaVinci Code, was
in the city studying the symbols on the Salt Lake LDS Temple and the Salt Lake
Masonic Temple, among other historical buildings, for inclusion in
an upcoming book.
The Olympic flame burns at Rice-Eccles
Salt Lake City hosted the 2002 Winter Olympics.
Although the city is often stereotyped as a predominantly LDS city,
it is culturally and religiously diverse. The city is the location
of many cultural activities. A major state holiday is Pioneer Day
, July 24, the anniversary of
the Mormon pioneers
' entry into the
Salt Lake Valley. It is celebrated each year with a week's worth of
activities, including a children's parade, a horse parade, the
featured Days of '47 Parade
of the largest parades in the United States), a rodeo, and a large
fireworks show at Liberty Park.First Night on New Year's Eve, a celebration
emphasizing family-friendly entertainment and activities held at
Stadium at the University of Utah, culminates with a
fireworks display at midnight.
The Greek Festival, held the weekend after Labor Day, celebrates
Utah's Greek heritage and is located at the downtown Greek Orthodox
Church. The 3-day event includes Greek music, dance groups,
Cathedral tours, booths and a large buffet. Attendance ranges from
35,000 - 50,000.
The Utah Arts Festival has been held annually since 1977 with an
average attendance of 80,000. About 130 booths are available for
visual artists and there are five performance venues for
Salt Lake City also hosts portions of the Sundance Film Festival
. The festival,
which is held each year, brings many cultural icons, movie stars,
celebrities, and thousands of film buffs to see the largest
independent film festival in the United States. The headquarters of
the event is in nearby Park City.
Beginning in 2004, Salt Lake City has been the host of the
international Salt Lake City
. In 2006 Real Madrid
many of the nation's best cyclist had engagements.
Salt Lake City has begun to host its own events in the last few
years, most notably the Friday Night Flicks
, free movies in the City's
parks, as well as the Mayor's health and fitness awareness program,
Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City was host to the 2002
. At the time of the 2002 Olympics, Salt Lake
City was the most populated area to hold a Winter Olympic games.
The event put Salt Lake City in the international spotlight and is
regarded by many as being one of the most successful winter
At Dream Theater
's Salt Lake City
show, Governor Jon Huntsman, Jr.
signed a proclamation making July 30, 2007 "Dream Theater Day" in
the state of Utah.
Salt Lake City has many diverse media
outlets. Most of the major television and radio stations
are based in or near the city.
The Salt Lake City metropolitan area is ranked as the 31st largest
radio and 36th largest television market in the United
Print media include two major daily newspapers, The Salt Lake Tribune
Deseret Morning News
Other more specialized publications include In Utah This
, Salt Lake City
, Nuestro Mundo
of the Spanish-speaking
for the LBGT community
. There are a number of local magazines,
such as Wasatch Journal
(a quarterly magazine covering
Utah's arts, culture, and outdoors), Utah Homes &
, Salt Lake Magazine
(a bimonthly lifestyle
(a monthly environmental, health, arts and
politics magazine), and Salt Lake Underground (SLUG)
alternative underground music magazine.
KTVX signed on
the air as Utah's first TV station in 1947 under the experimental
KTVX is the oldest TV station in the
Mountain Time Zone and the third oldest west of the Mississippi. It
is the current ABC affiliate.KSL-TV, the NBC
affiliate, has downtown studios at "Broadcast House" in the Triad
Center office complex.
KSL is operated by a company owned by
the LDS Church. KUTV is Salt
Lake City's CBS affiliate. KSTU is the
area's Fox affiliate. KUCW is the CW
affiliate and part of a duopoly with KTVX. KJZZ-TV is an independent station owned by Utah Jazz owner,
Larry Miller and broadcasts Jazz games.
KJZZ-TV also carries
newscasts produced by KUTV.
television and radio stations serve a larger area (usually the
entire state of Utah, as well as parts of western Wyoming, southern Idaho, parts of
Montana, and eastern Nevada), ratings
returns tend to be higher than those in similar-sized
Some Salt Lake radio stations are carried on
throughout the state.
Salt Lake City has become a case of market saturation
on the FM
dial; one cannot go through more than about two
frequencies on an FM radio tuner
encountering another broadcasting station. A variety of companies,
most notably Millcreek Broadcasting and Simmons Media
, have constructed broadcast towers
on Humpy Peak in the
to the east. These
towers allow frequencies allocated to nearby mountain communities
to be boosted by smaller, low-powered FM transmitters along the
Sites of interest and city architecture
Salt Lake City is the headquarters for The Church of
Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
(LDS Church) and has many
LDS-related sites open to visitors. The most popular is Temple Square, which includes the Salt Lake Temple and visitors’ centers that
are open to the public, free of charge. Temple Square also
includes the historic Tabernacle, home of the world-famous Mormon Tabernacle Choir.
Conference Center is across the street to the north.
History Library, the largest genealogical library in the world, is
located just west of Temple Square.
It is run by the LDS
Church and is open to the public and free of charge. Adjacent to
Temple Square is also the Eagle Gate
the Salt Lake City main library received an Institute Honor Award
for Architecture by the American Institute of
Architects. and features a distinctive architectural
The roof of the building serves as a viewpoint for
the Salt Lake Valley. The Utah State Capitol Building offers marble floors and a dome similar to
that of the building that houses the U.S.
notable historical buildings include the Thomas Kearns Mansion (now the Governor's
Mansion), City and County Building, built in 1894, the Kearns Building on Main Street,
St. Mark's Episcopal
Cathedral, built in 1874, and the Roman Catholic Cathedral of
the Madeleine, built in 1909.
mouth of Emigration Canyon lies This Is The
Place Heritage Park, which re-creates typical 19th century LDS pioneer
Zoo is located across the street from the park.
city's largest public park, at over , Liberty Park features a lake with an island in the middle and
the Tracy Aviary.
The park is home to a large number of
birds, both wild and in the aviary. Red Butte Garden and
Arboretum, located in the foothills
of Salt Lake features many different exhibits and also hosts many
Jordan Park is home to the International Peace Gardens
Shoreline Trail is a popular hiking and biking nature trail which
spans ninety miles through the foothills of the Wasatch Front.
Park, located at Rice-Eccles Stadium, features the Olympic
Cauldron from the games, a visitor's center, and the Hoberman Arch. The Olympic Legacy Plaza, located at the
District, features a dancing fountain set to music and the
names of 30,000 Olympic volunteers carved in stone.
Park, located near Park City, features the Olympic
ski jumps, as well as bobsleigh, luge, and skeleton runs.
Today, the Olympic
Park is used for year-round training and competitions. Visitors to
the park can watch the various events that occur and even ride a
bobsled. The Utah Olympic Oval, located in nearby Kearns, was home to the speed
skating events and is now open to the public.
popular Olympic venues include Soldier Hollow, the site of
cross-country skiing events, located southeast of Salt Lake near
City is in close proximity to several world-class ski and summer
resorts, including Park City Mountain Resort, Deer
Valley, Alta, and
The resorts cater to millions of visitors
each year and offer year-round activities.
Salt Lake City is also home to a few major shopping centers.
Square is an indoor and outdoor mall with many independent
art boutiques, restaurants, and national retailers.
buildings housing the shops are renovated trolley
barns with cobblestone streets. The Gateway
District, an outdoor shopping mall, is the city's newest
major shopping center and has many national restaurants, clothing
retailers, a movie theater, the Clark Planetarium, the Discovery Gateway, a music venue called The Depot, and the Olympic
October 3, 2006, the LDS Church, who owns the ZCMI
Center Mall and Crossroads Mall, both on Main Street, announced
plans to demolish the malls, a skyscraper, and several other
buildings to make way for the $1 billion City Creek
It will combine several new
office and residential buildings (one of which will be the
third-tallest building in the city) around an outdoor shopping
center featuring a stream, fountain, and other outdoor amenities,
and is expected to be completed in 2011. Sugar
House is a neighborhood with a small town main street
shopping area and numerous old parks. Sugar
House Park is the second largest park in the city, and is host
to frequent outdoor events and the primary Fourth of July fireworks in
attractions in or within close proximity to Salt Lake City include
the Golden Spike National Historic
Site (where the world's first transcontinental railroad was
joined), the Lagoon Amusement Park, the Great Salt Lake, the Bonneville Salt Flats, Gardner Historic Village, one of the largest
dinosaur museums in the U.S. at Thanksgiving Point in Lehi, and the world's largest man-made excavation at
Sports and recreation
, such as skiing
are popular activities in the Wasatch
east of Salt Lake City. Eight ski resorts lie within
50 miles (80 km) of the city. Alta, Brighton, Solitude, and Snowbird all lie directly to the southeast in the Wasatch
Mountains, while nearby Park City contains 3 more resorts.
The popularity of
the ski resorts has increased nearly 29% since the 2002 Winter Olympics
. Summer activities
such as hiking
, rock climbing
, and other related
outdoor activities are popular in the mountains, as well. The many
small reservoirs and rivers in the Wasatch Mountains are popular
and other water-related activities.
City is home to the Utah Jazz of the
Association (NBA), who moved from New Orleans in 1979 and play their home games in EnergySolutions Arena.
They are the only team from one of the four
professional sports leagues
in the state. They have been one of
the most successful teams in the regular season during the last 25
years, making the playoffs in 22 of them, but have yet to win a
Real Salt Lake of Major League Soccer was founded in 2005,
initially playing at Rice-Eccles Stadium at the University of Utah before the soccer-specific Rio Tinto
Stadium was completed in 2008 in the suburb of Sandy after undergoing nearly 2 years of funding
difficulties and controversy.
The city has also played host
to several international soccer games, with the US as the home team
(due to the partisan support when playing Latin American teams).
expanded into the city
in 2006 with the Utah Blaze
Arena Football League
recorded the highest average attendance in the league in their
first season. They won their first MLS championship by defeating
the Los Angeles Galaxy at the 2009 MLS
There are also two minor league teams located in the city.
Salt Lake Bees, a Pacific Coast League Triple A affiliate of the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim,
play at Spring Mobile Ballpark and were established in 1994 as the Buzz.
Their name was changed to the Stingers in 2002 and to the Bees, a
historical Salt Lake City baseball team name, in 2006. The Utah Grizzlies
hockey team of the ECHL
were established in 2005,
replacing the previous
that existed from 1995 to 2005 in the IHL
later, the AHL
. They play at the
Center in the neighboring suburb of West
Utah lacks a professional football
team of its own, and college
is very popular in the state. The University
of Utah and Brigham Young University both maintain large followings in the city, and the
rivalry between the two colleges
has a long and storied history.
Despite the fact that Utah
is a secular university, this is sometimes referred to as the
because of BYU's
status as an LDS university. They both play in the Mountain West Conference
and have played each other 90
times since 1896 (continuously since 1922).
Utah State Capitol Building.
Lake City lies at the convergence of two cross-country freeways;
I-15, which runs
north-to-south just west of downtown, and I-80, which connects downtown with
Salt Lake City International
Airport just to the west and exits to the east through
Parley's Canyon. I-215
State Street begins at the structure.
forms a 270-degree loop around
the city. The Legacy
Parkway, a controversial and oft-delayed freeway, opened
September 2008, heading north from I-215 into Davis
County along the east shore of the Great Salt
Travel to and from Davis County is
complicated by geography as roads have to squeeze through the
narrow opening between the Great Salt Lake to the west and the
Wasatch Mountains to the east. Only four roads run between the two
counties to carry the load of rush hour
traffic from Davis County.
Salt Lake City's surface street system is laid out on a simple grid
pattern. Road names are numbered with a north,
south, east, or west designation, with the grid originating at the
southeast corner of Temple
One of the visions of Brigham Young
and the early settlers was to
create wide, spacious streets, which characterizes downtown. The
grid pattern remains fairly intact in the city, except on the East
Bench, where geography makes it impossible. The entire Salt Lake Valley
is laid out on the same
numbered grid system, although it becomes increasingly irregular
the farther into the suburbs you move. US-89
enters the city from the
northwest and travels the length of the valley as State Street
(with the exception of northern Salt Lake City).
Salt Lake City's mass transit
service is operated by the Utah
(UTA) and includes a bus system, light rail,
and a commuter rail line. The light rail
system, called TRAX, consists of two lines
originating downtown at the Salt
Lake City Intermodal Hub; one line, which opened in 1999, heads south to
Sandy and the other, opened in 2001, splits east to the
Daily ridership averages 45,400 (as of the
second quarter of 2008), significantly above original projections,
and is the eleventh-most
ridden light rail system in the country
, but also the fourth-most
by mile. The system has a total of 28 stations,
17 of them being located in Salt Lake City proper. The commuter rail
system, FrontRunner, opened on April 26, 2008 and extends from
the Intermodal Hub north to Pleasant View.
plans to complete four additional TRAX lines (one of which will
connect to the airport), as well as FrontRunner south to Provo, by 2014 as part of its FrontLines 2015
These extensions were made possible by a sales tax
hike for road improvements, light rail, and commuter rail that was
approved by voters on November 7, 2006. In addition, a $500 million
letter of intent was signed by the Federal Transit
for all four of the planned TRAX extensions in
addition to the FrontRunner extension to Provo. FrontRunner South
and three of these four TRAX lines are currently under
construction, with the other expected to begin construction in
bus system extends throughout the Wasatch
Front from Brigham City in the north to Santaquin in the south and as far west as Grantsville. UTA also operates routes to the ski resorts
in Big and Little Cottonwood Canyons during the ski season (typically
November to April).
Approximately 60,000 people ride the bus
daily, although ridership has reportedly declined since TRAX was
Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides
service to Salt Lake City, operating its California Zephyr daily in both directions
between Chicago and Emeryville, California. Greyhound
serves Salt Lake City as well, providing access
north-to-south through Utah along the I-15 corridor. Both of these
stations are located at the Intermodal Hub.
City International Airport is located approximately 4 miles (6 km) west
of downtown. Delta Air
Lines operates a hub at the airport,
serving over 100 non-stop destinations throughout the United
States, Mexico, and Canada, as well as Paris and Tokyo. SkyWest
operates its largest hub at the airport as Delta Connection
, and serves 243 cities as
Delta Connection and United Express
The airport is served by 4 UTA bus routes, and a light rail line
should serve the airport by 2012. A total of 22,029,488 passengers
flew through Salt Lake City International Airport in 2007,
representing a 2.19 % increase over 2006. The airport currently
ranks as the 21st busiest airport in the United States in terms of
total passengers and is consistently rated #1 in the country in
terms of on-time arrivals and departures as well as featuring the
second-lowest number of cancellations. There are two
general aviation airports nearby;
Valley Regional Airport in West Jordan and Skypark Airport in Woods Cross.
Salt Lake City is increasingly interested in promoting bicycle
transportation. Quite a few city arterial streets have bike lanes,
and the City has published a bicycle map . The bicycle map shows
bike lanes, on-road routes, multi-use trails, and mountain biking
One popular bicycling and walking route is the loop around City
Creek Canyon , on Bonneville Boulevard. The city has designated the
road as one lane only (one-way) for motor vehicles, turning the
other lane over to two-way bicyclists and pedestrians. City Creek
Canyon road itself is closed to motor vehicles on odd-numbered days
during the summer. Bicycles are prohibited on even-numbered
Bicycles are permitted on buses, on Trax, and on the Frontrunner
trains. There is no charge for bicycles, and there are no rush-hour
restrictions. However, there is a limit on the number of bicycles
on each bus or train. Folding bicycles may be brought on board
Amtrak's California Zephyrr with service to Salt Lake City.
Non-folding bicycles must be boxed and checked into the train's
baggage car; however, not all stops along the route offer access to
Salt Lake City has several sister
- Ross C. Anderson, former Salt Lake City mayor
- David Archuleta,
- Heather B. Armstrong, Web sensation and
superblogger of www.Dooce.com
- Parley Baer, actor
- Roseanne Barr, comedian, actress,
Bennett, junior US Senator from Utah
- Jaime Bergman, actress, former
Playmate (former resident)
- Craig Bolerjack, national sports
- Stewart Bradley, starting
linebacker for the Philadelphia Eagles of the NFL
- Brandon Bryant, Season 5
Runner-up on So You Think You
- Wilford Brimley, actor
- The Brobecks, indie rock band
- Ted Bundy, serial killer
- Neal Cassady, icon of the Beat
Generation of the 1950s and the psychedelic movement of the
- Tristram Coffin, western actor
- Cytheria, porn star
born in Salt Lake City and raised in West Valley City
- Richard Paul Evans, author of
the Christmas Box
- Philo Farnsworth, inventor of
- Jared Fernandez, MLB player for the Cincinnati
Reds, Houston Astros, and the
- Gregg Hale, guitar player
- Shannon Hale, author
- Jeremy Horn, mixed martial
- Derek Hough, professional dancer on
Dancing With the
- Jon Huntsman, Jr., former
governor of Utah, current U.S. Ambassador to China
- Jon Huntsman, Sr., billionaire
philanthropist of Huntsman
- Thomas Kearns, 1900's millionaire,
mining and railroad magnate, philanthropist, U.S. Senator and owner
of Salt Lake Tribune
- Joel Long, teacher, poet
- Mike Lookinland, Brady Bunch
- Mick Morris, bass player for Orange
County hardcore band, Eighteen
- Maddox, writer, humorist, satirist,
comic book creator
- Karl Malone, basketball star
- Paul McCarthy, artist
- Haloti Ngata, starting defensive end for the Baltimore Ravens of the NFL
- Dick Nourse, news anchor
- Claude Nowell aka Corky King,
founder of Summum
- Kim Peek, inspiration for the movie
- Sione Pouha, defensive lineman for the New York Jets of the NFL
- Robert Redford, actor, movie
- Lee Redmond, record holder for
- Karl Rove, political strategist
- Ryne Sanborn, actor
- Cael Sanderson, four-year
undefeated NCAA wrestler and gold medalist in the 2004 Olympics in
- Nancy Saxton, former Salt Lake City
- Dell Schanze, entrepreneur
- Elizabeth A. Smart, kidnapping victim
- James Sorenson, billionaire
- Wallace Stegner, novelist,
- Kaycee Stroh, actress
- John Stockton, basketball
- James Thompson, professional
- Ruth Todd, news anchor
- Mark Twight, mountaineer
- Anne Wingate, mystery writer
- Loretta Young, actress
- Richard Whitehead Young,
United States Army general
- David Zabriskie, professional
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