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The Saluda River is a principal tributary of the Congaree River, about 200 mi (320 km) long, in northern and western South Carolinamarker in the United Statesmarker. Via the Congaree River, it is part of the watershed of the Santee Rivermarker, which flows to the Atlantic Oceanmarker.

Course

The Saluda River is formed about 10 mi (15 km) northwest of the city of Greenvillemarker, on the common boundary of Greenvillemarker and Pickensmarker Counties, by the confluence of its north and south forks, each of which rises in the Blue Ridge Mountains very near the border of North Carolinamarker:
  • The North Saluda River flows generally south-southwestwardly through northern Greenville County, past Mariettamarker.
  • The South Saluda River flows generally southeastwardly on the Greenville-Pickens County border, receiving the Oolenoy River and the Middle Saluda River, which rises in Jones Gap State Parkmarker and flows generally southward through northwestern Greenville County.


From this confluence the Saluda River flows generally southeastwardly through the Piedmont region, through or along the boundaries of Pickens, Greenville, Andersonmarker, Abbevillemarker, Laurensmarker, Greenwoodmarker, Newberrymarker, Lexingtonmarker and Richlandmarker Counties, past the towns of Piedmontmarker, West Pelzermarker, Pelzermarker, Ware Shoalsmarker and West Columbiamarker. It joins the Broad River in Columbiamarker to form the Congaree River.

Dams

Dams on the Saluda include:

Principal tributaries

  • The Reedy River flows into Lake Greenwood from the north in Laurens County.
  • The Little River flows into the Saluda from the north in Newberry County.
  • The Bush River flows into Lake Murray from the north in Newberry County.
  • The Little Saluda River flows into Lake Murray from the south in Saluda County; it is formed at the town of Saludamarker by the confluence of Mine Creek and Red Bank Creek.


Crossings

As it travels downstream, the Saluda river is crossed several times. (Note: this list may at times be incomplete)

Variant names

According to the Geographic Names Information System, the Saluda River has also been known as:
  • Chickawa
  • Corn River
  • Saludy River
  • Saluta River
  • Salutah River
  • Santee Rivermarker
  • Seleuda River
The river is named after an Indian tribe that once lived along its banks near the community of Chappells, South Carolinamarker.

Save Our Saluda

In 2008, a collective of local citizens (or Citizens Action Group) based in Mariettamarker, Greenville County, South Carolinamarker initiated a campaign to "Save Our Saluda" following what they perceived to be aggressive property development. Their mission is to "(protect) and (preserve) the headwaters of the Saluda watershed through concerned citizens action".

Endangered Status

In April 2009, the Saluda River was named by American Rivers, a leading river conservation group to a list of rivers in the United Statesmarker that are under imminent threat by dams, industry or development. The article, posted on CNN on April 7, 2009 stated "Excess levels of sewage waste threaten the drinking water of more than 500,000 South Carolina residents, conservationists say. Sewage in the river increases phosphorous and algae levels, depletes oxygen, and kills fish and other aquatic life. American Rivers is asking the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control to improve sewage-treatment standards and ensure the river reduces its phosphorous levels by 25 to 50 percent."

See also



Sources




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