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{{Infobox settlement

official_name = Salzburg
}}
native_name_lang = de
settlement_type = State of Austria
image_flag = Flag of Salzburg (state).svg
flag_size = 120px
image_shield = Salzburg Wappen.svg
shield_size = 75px
image_map = Karte A Sbg.svg
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name =
seat_type = Capital
seat = Salzburgmarker
leader_party = SPÖ
leader_title = Governor
leader_name = Gabi Burgstaller
area_total_km2 = 7154
}}
population_total = 529085
}}
population_density_km2 = auto
timezone1 = CET
utc_offset1 = +1
timezone1_DST = CEST
utc_offset1_DST = +2
blank_name_sec1 =
€ billion ( ) }}
blank1_name_sec1 =
€ ( ) }}
blank1_name_sec2 = Votes in Bundesrat
blank1_info_sec2 = 4 (of 62)
blank_name_sec2 = NUTS Region
blank_info_sec2 = AT3
iso_code = AT-5
website = www.land-sbg.gv.at
footnotes =}}
Districts of Salzburg.
Salzburg is a state or Land of Austriamarker with an area of 7,154 km2, located adjacent to the Germanmarker border. With 529,085 inhabitants it is one of the country's smaller states in terms of population. The capital city is also named Salzburgmarker.

Geographic location

The Salzburger Land (the Austrian state of Salzburg) — with its primary river, the Salzachmarker — lies between Upper Austria, Styriamarker, Carinthiamarker, Tyrolmarker and Bavariamarker (Germanymarker).

Running through the south are the main ranges of the Central Alpsmarker (incl. the Hohe Tauernmarker mountains) with numerous 3,000m peaks. The Dachstein Massifmarker and the Berchtesgaden Alpsmarker border the Salzburger Lajnd to the east and north.

History

Salt has played an important role in the region's development; Salzburg means "salt castle".

Salzburg as an independent country

Independence from Bavariamarker was secured in the late 14th century. The Archbishopric of Salzburg was an independent prince-bishopric within the Holy Roman Empire until German Mediatisation in 1803.

Electorate of Salzburg

The territory was secularized and, as the Electorate of Salzburg, given as compensation to Ferdinand III, former Grand Duke of Tuscany, the brother of Emperor Francis II.

The end of the independence

Following the Austrian defeat at Austerlitzmarker in 1805, Salzburg was annexed by Austria as compensation for the loss of Tyrolmarker to the Kingdom of Bavaria, and Ferdinand was transferred to the Grand Duchy of Würzburg.

Bavarian Salzburg

After Austria's defeat in 1809, the province was handed over to Bavariamarker in 1810.

The country divided between Bavaria and Austria

In 1816, following the defeat of Napoleon and the provision of adequate compensation to Bavaria at the Congress of Vienna, it was returned to Austria with the exception of the north-western 'Rupertigau' which remained Bavarian. The Salzburger Land was administered as the department of Salzach from Linzmarker, the capital of Upper Austria. In 1849 the Duchy of Salzburg was established as a crownland of the Austrian Empiremarker and, after 1866, Austria-Hungary.

World War I

In World War I Salzburg participated like the other parts of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. 49,000 salzburgers were called in arms, and 6,000 died.

German Republic of Austria and The Republic of Austria

In 1918 after World War I, the Duchy of Salzburg was dissolved and replaced with the state of Salzburgmarker, first part of German Austriamarker, (however in November's Plebiscite a 99% of Salzburgers voted in favor of the union with Germanymarker) and then the First Republic of Austriamarker which was mandated by the Allied powers.

Salzburg in Germany

After the plebiscite of 1938, Salzburg and all the territory of Austria decided to belong to the German Reich.

American control

After the defeat of Germanymarker in 1945, the Allies occuped the territory of Austria, being recognised as an independent territory under their rule. Salzburgerland was occupied and ruled by the USA.

Salzburg as an Austrian State

In 1955 Austria was declared independent of the Allies and Salzburg was one of the States of the Republik Österreich.

Politics

Salzburgerland has its own constitution since 1999, and the government is formed through a Majority system. The election are every five years.

The last results, in March 2009 (compared to 2004) were:

  • Social Democrats (SPÖ): 15 seats (-2)
  • People's Party (ÖVP): 14 seats
  • Freedom Party (FPÖ): 5 seats (+2)
  • The Greens (Grüne): 2 seats


Simon Illner (ÖVP) is the President of the Salzburger Parliament and Gabi Burgstaller (SPÖ) is the president of the Salzburgerland.

Areas of the State President

  • Markets policy matters
  • the directorate of regional offices (Landesamtsdirektion)
  • the cabinet – including powers for dealing with catastrophes
  • the fire brigades
  • science
  • innovation and research
  • education and schools
  • subjects specifically related to women
  • European affairs.


The government

Deputy-President Wilfried Haslauer (ÖVP)

  • Economy and tourism
  • management research
  • transport
  • building industry
  • municipality administration
  • museums
  • special cultural projects.


Deputy-President David Brenner (SPÖ)

  • Administration of finance and capital
  • the arts
  • sport


Other members of the government

  • Sepp Eisl (ÖVP): agriculture and forestry, hunting and fishing, conservation, water management and river regulation, energy, staff management and administrative reform.
  • Walter Blachfellner (SPÖ): housing, water protection, consumer protection, trade, environment protection, regional development planning.
  • Doraja Erbele (ÖVP): young people, family, children, senior citizens, national parks, municipal development, cultural heritage, integration, popular culture.
  • Erika Schare (SPÖ): social affairs, homes and institutions run by Land Salzburg as well as health including the hospitals and clinics under the jurisdiction of Land Salzburg.


European results

In the most recent elections for the European Parliamentmarker, in June 2009, these were the results from the state of Salzburg:



Architecture

The Salzburg Cathedralmarker was the first Baroque building in the German-speaking artistic world.Two other important buildings initiated by the Salzburg archbishops were Hohenwerfen Castlemarker and Hohensalzburg Fortressmarker.The first Archbishop of Salzburgwas Arno of Salzburg(785-821), in whose honor the world-famous hiking circuit — the Arnoweg — is named.

The predominant stylistic elements of Salzburg architecture have their origins in the Baroque and the Rococo periods.

Salzburg's historic "Old Town" was named by UNESCOmarker as a World Heritage Site.

Language

Austrian Germanis the local written language, and it can be heard, especially in the cities. Austro-Bavarianis also spoken, especially in the rural areas and the common languageof the Land Salzburg.

Visitors' attractions



Sports



Ski resorts

Flachaumarker, Wagrainmarker, St. Johannmarker, Zell am Seemarker, Obertauern, Bad Gasteinmarker, Raurismarker, Lofermarker

Assorted Statistics

  • Tourist Regions: 21
  • Resort Towns: 115
  • Guest Beds: 192,000
  • Lakes: 185
  • Biggest lake: Wolfgangseemarker
  • Longest river: Salzachmarker
  • Highest mountain: Großvenedigermarker — elevation
  • Hiking paths:
  • Hill farms: 1,800 — 550 of them serving refreshments
  • National parks: 1
  • Marked cycle paths:
  • Mountainbike trails (including cross-border routes):
  • Golf courses: 13
  • Ski slopes:
  • Cross-country ski trails:
  • Night slopes: 14
  • Winter hiking paths:


Administrative divisions

Districts

Salzburg comprises five districts, known as Bezirkeor vernacularly Gaue:



The city of Salzburgmarker is its own administrative district.

Cities and Towns (listed alphabetically)



See also



External links



References



Party
Average
Austrian People's Party (ÖVP)  
32.06%
Hans-Peter Martin's List
21.08%
Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ)  
19.09%
Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ)  
12.08%
Austrian Greens (Die Grüne)
 
10.12%
Alliance for the Future of Austriamarker (BZÖ)
 
4.37%
Young Liberals (JuLis)
 
0.64%
Communist Party of Austria (KPÖ)
 
0.56%

A



B



D



E

  • Eben im Pongau
  • Ebenau
  • Elixhausen
  • Elsbethen
  • Eugendorf

F

  • Faistenau
  • Filzmoos
  • Flachau
  • Forstau
  • Fusch an der Großglocknerstraße
  • Fuschl am Seemarker


G

  • Goldegg
  • Golling an der Salzach
  • Göming
  • Göriach
  • Großarl
  • Großgmain
  • Grödig


H

  • Halleinmarker
  • Hallwang
  • Henndorf am Wallersee
  • Hintersee
  • Hof bei Salzburg
  • Hollersbach
  • Hüttau
  • Hüttschlag


K

  • Kaprun
  • Kleinarl
  • Koppl
  • Köstendorf
  • Krimmlmarker
  • Krispl
  • Kuchl

L

  • Lamprechtshausen
  • Lend im Pinzgau
  • Leogang
  • Lessach
  • Lofer


M

  • Maishofen
  • Maria Alm (am Steinernen Meer)
  • Mariapfarr
  • Mattsee
  • Mauterndorf
  • Mittersillmarker
  • Muhr
  • Mühlbach am Hochkönig


N

  • Neukirchen am Großvenediger
  • Neumarkt am Wallersee
  • Niedernsill
  • Nußdorf am Haunsberg


O



P

  • Pfarrwerfen
  • Piesendorf
  • Plainfeld
  • Puch bei Hallein


R

  • Radstadt
  • Ramingstein
  • Raurismarker
  • Rußbach am Paß Gschütt


S

  • Saalbach-Hinterglemm
  • Saalfeldenmarker
  • Salzburgmarker
  • Sankt Andrä im Lungau
  • Sankt Georgen bei Salzburg
  • Sankt Gilgenmarker
  • Sankt Johann im Pongaumarker
  • Sankt Koloman
  • Sankt Margarethen im Lungau
  • Sankt Martin am Tennengebirge
  • Sankt Martin bei Lofer
  • Sankt Michael im Lungau
  • Sankt Veit im Pongau
  • Scheffau am Tennengebirge
  • Schleedorf
  • Schwarzach im Pongau
  • Seeham
  • Seekirchen
  • Straßwalchen
  • Strobl
  • Stuhlfelden


T

  • Tamswegmarker
  • Taxenbach
  • Thalgau
  • Thomatal
  • Tweng


U

  • Unken
  • Unternberg
  • Untertauern
  • Uttendorf


V

  • Viehhofen


W

  • Wagrain
  • Wald im Pinzgau
  • Wals Siezenheim
  • Weißbach bei Lofer
  • Weißpriach
  • Werfenmarker
  • Werfenwengmarker


Z


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