Samarinda is the capital of
the Indonesian province of East Kalimantan (Kalimantan Timur) on the island of
Borneo. The city lies on the banks of the Mahakam River.
As well as being the capital, Samarinda is
also the most populous city in East Kalimantan with a population of
562,463 (2000) and as such is used by many as a gateway to the more
remote regions of the province such as Kutai Barat, Kutai
Kartanegara and East Kutai. Reaching these areas usually involves
travel by river as the most efficient means. Although it has status
as the capital of East Kalimantan Province, some government
institutions are located in Balikpapan, such as Police, Indonesian Army District VI of
Tanjung Pura, and Pelabuhan Indonesia (Port
Transport into Samarinda itself is facilitated by an airport,
Temindung and a port. However, there are plans to relocate both the
airport and port soon.
Gowa War began, the Dutch under
Admiral Speelman's command attacked
Makassar from the
Meanwhile, the Netherland's local ally Arupalaka led a
ground attack. The Kingdom of Gowa was forced to surrender and
made to sign the
Bongaya Treaty on November 19, 1667.
The treaty did not quell all trouble for the Dutch however, since
the Bugis from Gowa continued their struggle using guerilla
tactics. Some Buginese moved to other islands close by such as
Kalimantan. A few thousand people led by Lamohang Daeng Mangkona or
Pua Ado I, moved to East Kalimantan, known then as Kutai, where
they were welcomed by the local Sultan.
The Sultan of Kutai
gave the migrants land in
Kampung Melantai around the Karang Mumus River, now known as
Kampung Selili, where established farms and fisheries. In payment,
the Bugis people promised to help the Sultan defend Kutai whenever
The name Samarinda originates from the description of the way in
which the Bugis
houses were constructed. At
that time houses were customarily built on a raft and generally had
the same height. This provided important social symbolism of
equality between residents; no person's house, and thus no person,
was seen as higher or lower than another. They named the settlement
'Samarenda', meaning 'equal in height'. After hundreds of years of
use the pronunciation of the name changed slightly and the city
became known as Samarinda.
The arrival of the first Bugis on 21 January 1668 was chosen to
mark the city's anniversary.
In 1955, the Apostolic Vicariate of Samarinda was established in
the city. In 1961, it was promoted as the Diocese of Samarinda. In
2003, the diocese was promoted as the Metropolitan Archdiocese
Samarinda is known for its traditional food amplang, as well as the
cloth sarung samarinda. The city also has a bridge connecting the
two river banks, called The Mahakam Bridge. The city center is on
on side and the other side is named, Samarinda Sembrang.