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Samarqand Province (Samarkand Province) ( ) is a viloyat (province) of Uzbekistanmarker located in the center of the country in the basin of Zarafshan River. It borders with Tajikstanmarker, Navoiy Provincemarker, Jizzakh Provincemarker and Qashqadaryo Provincemarker. It covers an area of 16,400 km². The population is estimated to be around 2,322,000, with some 75% living in rural areas.

Samarqand Province was established on January 15, 1938, and is divided into 14 administrative districts. The capital is Samarqandmarker (pop est 368,000 inhabitants). Other major towns include Bulung‘ur, Jumamarker, Ishtixon, Kattaqo‘rg‘onmarker, Urgutmarker, and Oqtosh.

The climate is a typically arid continental climate.

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Samarkand is the 2nd largest center for economy, science, and culture in Uzbekistan, after Tashkent. The Institute of Archeology at the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan is based at Samarqand. The Province's UNESCO World Heritage Site architectural monuments are world famous, and make Samarkand the largest center for international tourism in the country.

Samarqand Province also has significant natural resources, including construction materials such as marble, granite, limestone, carbonate, and chalk. The Province's major agricultural activities are cotton and cereal growing, winemaking and sericulture. In terms of industry, metal processing (spare parts for automobiles and combines), food processing, textiles, and ceramics industries are the most active in the area.

The province has a well-developed transport infrastructure, with over 400 km of railways and 4100 km of surfaced roads. The telecommunication infrastructure is also well developed.

Administrative divisions

Districts of Samarqand


District name District capital
1 Bulungur District Bulungur
2 Ishtikhon District Ishtikhon
3 Jomboy District Jomboy
4 Kattakurgan District Paishanba
5 Koshrabot District Koshrabot
6 Narpay District Oqtosh
7 Nurobod District Nurobod
8 Oqdarya District Laish
9 Pakhtachi District Ziadin
10 Payariq District Payariq
11 Pastdargom District Juma
12 Samarqand District Gulabad
13 Toyloq District Toyloq
14 Urgut Districtmarker Urgutmarker
Latinization of district names according to Samarqand regional web site on gov.uz

References

  1. Information about the Samarkand Region, www.samarqand.uz, accessed on July 21, 2007.
  2. Samarqand Province web site on gov.uz



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