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San Dorligo della Valle ( ) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Trieste in the Italianmarker region Friuli-Venezia Giulia, located about 4 km southeast of Triestemarker, on the border with Sloveniamarker. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 6,019 and an area of 24.5 km². According to the 1971 census, 70,5% of the population are ethnic Slovenes, while the rest are mostly Italians.

Name

The Slovene name of the village, Dolina, means 'Valley'. It used to be the official name in Italian, as well, until it was renamed to San Dorligo Della Valle in 1923, as part of the policies of Fascist Italianization. In the local Italian Triestine dialect, the village is still referred to simply as Dolina.

Geographical position

Most of the municipality of San Dorligo is located under the Kras plateau, with some settlements on the plateau itself. It enjoys a relatively mild Mediterranean climate, although the harsh and cold Bora wind frequently blows in the autumn and winter months.

The comune borders the following municipalities: Koper/Capodistriamarker (Slovenia), Hrpelje-Kozinamarker (Slovenia), Muggiamarker (Milje), Sežanamarker (Slovenia), and Triestemarker (Trst).

It has a border crossing with Slovenia at Pese di Grozzana (Kozinamarker on the Slovenian side). Another crossing is located in the village of Crociata di Prebenico, Caresana, with the Slovenian village of Ospmarker in Kopermarker municipality.

History

From mid 18th century to 1918, the area was under the Habsburg Empire. From 1813 to 1918, the area around San Dorligo was part of the County of Istriamarker in the Austrian Littoral. The great majority (almost the totality) of the population was Slovene-speaking. After World War One, the area was annexed by the Kingdom of Italy, and was included in the administrative region known as the Julian March. In 1945, it was shortly occupied by the Yugoslav People's Army and later by the US and British Armies. Between 1947 and 1954, it was part of the Zone A of the Free Territory of Trieste. In 1954, it came again under Italian jurisdiction.

Culture and traditions

Home of a spring festival known as the Majenca (held in May) which culminates in the falling of a cherry tree, tied to the top of a tall pole.

San Dorligo is home to the variety of olive tree called bianchera istriana in Italian and istrska belica in Slovene (both meaning "the Istrianmarker white"), known for its endurance to harsh climate and its gentle and high quality olive oil.

Demographic evolution

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