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The San Jose Earthquakes professional soccer club is located in San Jose, Californiamarker and participates in the top level soccer league in the United Statesmarker and Canadamarker, Major League Soccer (MLS). The Earthquakes participated in MLS from 1995 to 2005, and resumed operations in 2008. It is one of the original ten teams in the league, known as the San Jose Clash from 1995 to 1999. The Earthquakes defeated D.C. United 1–0 in the first game in MLS history. It is one of three teams from Californiamarker to play in the league.

The team won the MLS Cup in 2001 and 2003 and the MLS Supporters' Shield in 2005.

Following the conclusion of the 2005 MLS season, the franchise was officially put on hiatus in December of that year while the players, head coach Dominic Kinnear and some of his coaching staff were moved to Houston, Texasmarker where they now play as the Houston Dynamo. After a two-year absence, the San Jose Earthquakes resumed play for the 2008 season and currently plays most home games at Buck Shaw Stadiummarker in Santa Clara, Californiamarker.



History

Roots of the Earthquakes

For more information see San Jose Earthquakes and San Francisco Bay Blackhawks.
The franchise's roots trace back to 1974, when the North American Soccer League (NASL) awarded an expansion franchise to San Jose, named the Earthquakes. The NASL folded after the 1984 season, and the Earthquakes played in the Western Soccer League (WSL) from 1985–88, under the ownership of Peter Bridgwater.

In 1988, Bridgwater sold the team. When the team folded later that year, the WSL awarded a franchise to Dan Van Voorhis, a local real estate lawyer. Van Voorhis named his new team the Blackhawks, after a real estate development of his. The San Francisco Bay Blackhawks entered the WSL for the 1989 season. In 1991, Van Voorhis hired a former Earthquakes player, Laurie Calloway, as coach. Calloway coached a team full of players who would later play for San Jose in MLS, including John Doyle, Troy Dayak, Paul Bravo, and Eric Wynalda. In a preview of what was to come later in MLS, bitter disagreements between Calloway and Wynalda led to Calloway kicking Wynalda off the team in 1992. Blackhawks owner Dan Van Voorhis later pulled his team out of the WSL's successor league, the American Professional Soccer League, after which it played as the San Jose Hawks in the USISL in 1993. The team folded at the end of the 1993 season.

Major League Soccer

In 1994, Van Voorhis successfully led a San Jose bidding group that was awarded one of Major League Soccer's inaugural teams. At that time, he handed over all existing Hawks player contracts, front-office resources and the rights to play in San Jose State University'smarker Spartan Stadiummarker to MLS in exchange for Type C stock in the league. He also became the franchise's investor/operator until outside concerns forced him to divest himself of these positions prior to the league's launch and accept a buyout from the league, leaving the franchise league-owned for several years. Meanwhile, a direct connection to the earlier Earthquakes came in the person of Peter Bridgwater, named as General Manager of the MLS team. Although Bridgwater still owned the rights to the Earthquakes name and logo, the team became known as the Clash at the urging of Nikemarker, a major investor in MLS.

On December 7, 1995, Bridgwater hired Calloway as the team's first coach, providing a second direct connection with the NASL Earthquakes, as well as a connection with the Blackhawks. Ignoring the past history between Calloway and Wynalda with the Blackhawks, the team acquired Wynalda just over a month later, on January 23, 1996. The Clash's connections to the Blackhawks continued when the Clash made the first trade in MLS history, sending Rhett Harty to the MetroStars for Troy Dayak, both players having spent several years with the team. Despite the presence of Calloway and much of his former team, the Clash failed to achieve the dominance achieved by the Blackhawks.

Wynalda scored the first goal in MLS history. However, he and Calloway were soon at each other's throats. The tensions on the team eventually led to a locker room brawl between Wynalda and John Doyle. The skirmish reached epic and memorable proportions when Wynalda hired an airplane to tow a banner that demanding Calloway's firing.

Although the Clash made the postseason in the inaugural 1996 MLS season, and Doyle earned recognition as the best MLS defender, the team floundered in 1997. By mid-season the team was sinking fast and Bridgwater fired Calloway and replaced him with Brian Quinn. The Clash finished 1997 at the bottom of the Western Conference standings with a 12–20 record. Things were no better in 1998, when the team finished 13–19 and well out of playoff contention. During the 1999 pre-season, the saga of player-coach antagonism continued when Richard Gough left the team after an argument with Quinn. By the end of 1999, Quinn was done and the team released him to hire Lothar Osiander.

Return of the Earthquakes name

The franchise's official name changed from Clash to Earthquakes on October 27, 1999.

San Jose Earthquakes players, 2005
After missing four consecutive post-seasons with three different coaches, the Earthquakes hired head coach Frank Yallop days before the 2001 MLS SuperDraft. Yallop's personnel changes and deft coaching with the help of assistant coach Dominic Kinnear and goalkeeper coach Tim Hanley, along with the allocation of star forward Landon Donovan on loan from Bayer Leverkusen, quickly turned around the Earthquakes' on-field fortunes, spurring the biggest regular season turnaround in league history (from 29 points in 2000 to 45 points in 2001) and leading the team to a 2–1 MLS Cup 2001 overtime victory over the archrival Los Angeles Galaxy.

The Quakes followed with two consecutive runners-up finishes for the MLS Supporters' Shield and a 4–2 MLS Cup 2003 win over the Chicago Fire. Prior to reaching the 2003 final, the Earthquakes had rallied from four goals down to beat the Galaxy, 5–4 on aggregate, in a first-round playoff that many MLS watchers described as the greatest in league history. Following the season, Yallop returned to his native Canada to coach the Canadian men's national soccer team. Assistant coach Kinnear was then promoted to head coach, and former San Jose player John Doyle was named as his assistant.

Having won two MLS Cup titles in three years, the Earthquakes were poised for greater success both on and off the field. However, in January 2004, General Manager Johnny Moore, whose roots with the club dated back to his days as a player for the NASL Earthquakes, resigned after AEG and MLS considered allowing the team to be rebranded as San Jose America (with ownership to transfer to the owners of Mexico's Club America). Earthquake fans were similarly outraged at the proposed rebranding, coming just months after the MLS Cup. Former Los Angeles Galaxy defender Alexi Lalas was named as Moore's replacement. Under Lalas' management, the club planned a move to Houston. Meanwhile, when the Quakes' star player, Landon Donovan, played briefly in Germany, Lalas traded away his rights, enabling Lalas' former team, the Galaxy, to acquire him.

On the field, Kinnear led the team to two more playoff appearances, including a MLS Supporters' Shield win in 2005.

Move to Houston

The owner of the San Jose Earthquakes, Anschutz Entertainment Group, announced on December 15, 2005 that the team was moving to Houstonmarker for the 2006 season because of the failure of efforts to secure a soccer-specific stadium for the team in San Jose. The franchise was renamed to Houston 1836, then to Houston Dynamo. However, MLS Commissioner Don Garber said that the Earthquakes' name, colors, logo, wordmark, history and competitive records would not be transferred, similarly to the Cleveland Browns deal in the National Football League. The Houston Dynamo is technically considered an expansion team by MLS just as the Baltimore Ravens was by the NFL during that team's early years.

Return of the Earthquakes

Captain Ramiro Corrales
On May 24, 2006, an agreement was reached between Major League Soccer and the principal owners of the Oakland Athletics baseball team. Lewis Wolff and John Fisher have a three-year exclusive option to develop a soccer-specific stadium and bring an expansion franchise to the San Francisco Bay Areamarker.

In September 2006, after nearly nine months of inactivity (displaying only Commissioner Garber's December 2005 letter of condolence to Earthquakes fans over the team's relocation), the team's website was revived to display updates on the progress of starting up the expansion San Jose Earthquakes franchise and to allow fans to sign up for the Earthquakes Soccer, LLC e-newsletter.

On July 18, 2007, Commissioner Don Garber announced that the San Jose Earthquakes would resume play starting in the 2008 season after Lew Wolff exercised his option to purchase the new expansion team. While functionally being the 14th franchise to join MLS, the team retained all records, logos, colors and titles of the 1996–2005 franchise and is a continuation of that franchise.

In October 2007 the Earthquakes announced they would be moving their offices from the Fairmont Hotelmarker in downtown San Jose to an office park across the street from their temporary home, Buck Shaw Stadium, and across the Caltrain tracks from the location of the former FMC site.

On November 6, 2007, the team announced that former Earthquakes coach Frank Yallop was returning to the team as head coach. According to ESPN.com, the Earthquakes compensated Yallop's previous employer, the Los Angeles Galaxy, with a third-round pick in the 2008 MLS SuperDraft.

On January 27, 2009, Amway Global signed a three-year deal with the Earthquakes to become the team's official jersey sponsor.

In 2008, England's Darren Huckerby, the MLS Newcomer of the Year and Ireland's Ronnie O'Brien, who made 28 appearances for the Earthquakes, helped anchor the offense, combining for 10 goals and 10 assists. Both played a key part of the team's nine game unbeaten streak that saw San Jose push towards a playoff berth. The Quakes missed out on the playoffs for a second consecutive season in 2009 but are looking to build on a solid second half of the year, which saw them go 4-4-4 since the All-Star Break.

Logo

Image:SanJoseClash.png|San Jose Clash logo (1995–1999)Image:SanJoseEarthquakes.png|San Jose Earthquakes logo (2000–2001)Image:SanJoseEarthquakesOneStar.png|San Jose Earthquakes logo with MLS Cup 2001 Championship star (2002–2003)Image:SanJoseEarthquakesTwoStar.png|San Jose Earthquakes logo with MLS Cups 2001 & 2003 Championship stars (2004–2005)Image:SanJoseEarthquakes_TwoStars.png|San Jose Earthquakes logo with MLS Cups 2001 & 2003 Championship stars (2008– )

Jersey sponsors



Partnerships and Affiliations

Tottenham Hotspur F.C.

At a joint press conference on October 9, 2008, the Earthquakes and Tottenham Hotspur F.C. announced a strategic partnership between the two clubs. The partnership involves both business and soccer interests, including sharing marketing ideas and training facilities and playing friendlies against each other. The deal aims to grow each team's soccer interests and brand on both sides of the Atlantic.

Norwich City

Due to popular former Norwich City F.C. and former San Jose Earthquakes player Darren Huckerby, there is a large Earthquakes following in Norwich and in surrounding Norfolk. [33193]

New stadium

Main articles: New Earthquakes Stadiummarker
The team currently plays its smaller attendance games at Buck Shaw Stadiummarker in Santa Claramarker and its larger attendance games at the Oakland-Alameda County Coliseummarker in Oaklandmarker.

On January 13, 2007, the San Jose Mercury News reported that the city of San Jose, San Jose State University and the Earthquakes owners were in negotiations to build a soccer stadium just east of the Earthquakes' previous home, Spartan Stadiummarker. The new facility, to have 22,000 permanent seats but be expandable to a capacity of 30,000 for single games, would be privately built by Lewis Wolff and John Fisher, the primary owners of the Earthquakes, with San Jose State providing the needed land. Additionally, the team and the university would build community soccer fields across Senter Road in Kelley Parkmarker using San Jose municipal bond money that had been approved years earlier for the purpose but never spent. The plan was for the new version of the San Jose Earthquakes to play in Spartan Stadium during the 2008 MLS season, then move into the new stadium in 2009. Plans for the stadium collapsed on April 19 of that year after the Earthquakes and SJSU could not come to an agreement on revenue sharing.

On May 8, the city of San Jose and Earthquakes Soccer, LLC confirmed that their new primary focus was on a site near San Jose International Airportmarker on the site of the former FMC plant. The new site is owned by the city, which is exploring either leasing it to Earthquakes Soccer, LLC or selling it outright. The 75-acre site is adjacent to not only the airport but the planned BART extension to Santa Clara and the existing Santa Clara Caltrain station, and near both Interstate 880 and U.S. Route 101. On June 12, 2007, the San Jose City Council voted unanimously to enter into a Memorandum of Understanding to explore construction of a new stadium to bring MLS back to San Jose and adopted a resolution authorizing the city manager to enter into an Exclusive Right to Negotiate agreement with Wolff and his partners regarding the potential development of the former FMC site. The first payment on the new stadium land of $3 million dollars was made in the last week of June 2008. The new stadium is projected to open in 2011 or 2012.

The preliminary designs were released to the public on September 19, 2009. The new stadium is slated to be a three-sided European style stadium with 15,000 permanent seats and a grass berm at the open end.

Television and radio

Earthquakes games are televised locally on Comcast SportsNet California and Comcast SportsNet Bay Area, with John Shrader providing the play-by-play, Troy Dayak providing the color analysis and Christine Nubla providing reports from the sideline.

A number of games are instead televised nationally on ESPN2/ESPN2HD/ESPN Deportes, Fox Soccer Channel/Fox Sports en Español and TeleFutura.

On radio, all Earthquakes games are broadcast in English on KDOW-AMmarker and all home games are broadcast in Spanish on the team's website. A weekly five-minute English-language Earthquakes news report airs on Fridays at 7 p.m. PT on KNBR 1050 AM throughout the season.

Official anthem

The San Jose Earthquakes Anthem is performed by Bay Areamarker rapper E-40.

Domestic Honors

League







Cups



Invitational



Rivalries



  • A growing rivalry is also forming with the Houston Dynamo. The Dynamo was created from the players and coach of the Earthquakes franchise who were moved from San Jose to Houston in 2005. The rivalry was further stoked by comments made in the Houston media about the Earthquakes and their fans.




Team management



Players

Current roster

As of November 25, 2009.

Notable former players

This list of former players includes those who received international caps while playing for the team, made significant contributions to the team in terms of appearances or goals while playing for the team, or who made significant contributions to the sport either before they played for the team, or after they left. It is clearly not yet complete and all inclusive, and additions and refinements will continue to be made over time.









Team captains



San Jose Earthquakes Hall of Fame



Head coaches



Team records



Home stadiums



General Managers



Ownership



Mascots



Year-by-year

Year Reg. Season Playoffs Open Cup CONCACAF

Champions' Cup
SuperLiga
San Jose Clash
1996 4th, West Quarterfinals Did not enter Did not qualify Started in 2007
1997 5th, West Did not qualify Quarterfinals Did not qualify
1998 5th, West Did not qualify Quarterfinals Did not qualify
1999 5th, West Did not qualify Did not enter Did not qualify
San Jose Earthquakes
2000 4th, West Did not qualify Quarterfinals Did not qualify Started in 2007
2001 2nd, West Champions Quarterfinals Not held
2002 2nd, West Quarterfinals Quarterfinals Quarterfinals
2003 1st, West Champions Round of 16 First Round
2004 4th, West Quarterfinals Semifinals Quarterfinals
2005 1st, West* Quarterfinals Quarterfinals Did not qualify
2006 On Hiatus
2007
2008 7th, West Did not qualify Did not qualify Did not qualify Did not qualify
2009 7th, West Did not qualify Did not qualify Did not qualify Did not qualify


* Won MLS Supporters' Shield

International competition



Average attendance

regular season / playoffs
  • 1996: 17,232 / 17,209
  • 1997: 13,597 / missed playoffs
  • 1998: 13,653 / missed playoffs
  • 1999: 14,959 / missed playoffs
  • 2000: 12,460 / missed playoffs
  • 2001: 9,635 / 13,269
  • 2002: 11,150 / 8,069
  • 2003: 10,465 / 15,127
  • 2004: 13,001 / 8,659
  • 2005: 13,037 / 17,824
  • 2006: On hiatus
  • 2007: On hiatus
  • 2008: 13,713 / missed playoffs
  • 2009: 14,114 / missed playoffs
  • All-Time: 13,084 / 13,569


See also



Notes

  1. SI.com - Writers - Jonah Freedman: Quakes are back - and here's what it means for MLS - Tuesday July 17, 2007 4:31PM
  2. MLS press release
  3. CNNSI.com - Soccer - MLS - Soccer America: Quakes fans due for some luck - Wednesday March 21, 2001 02:51 PM
  4. http://web.mlsnet.com/players/index.jsp?club=t110
  5. San Jose Earthquakes: Home: FAQ


External links




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