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San Luis Potosí is the name of both a state in Mexico and that state's capital city. This article is about the state. For the city, see San Luis Potosí, San Luis Potosímarker.
Potosí is the name of a city in Bolivia. This article is about the Mexican state. For the Bolivian city, see Potosímarker.


The Mexicanmarker state of San Luis Potosí has an area of .It is in the central part of the Mexican republic, It borders Coahuilamarker to the north, Nuevo Leonmarker to the north-east, Tamaulipasmarker to the east, Veracruzmarker to the east, Hidalgomarker, Queretaromarker, and Guanajuatomarker to the south, and Zacatecasmarker to the north-west. At the 2005 census the population was 2,410,414.

In addition to the state capital San Luis Potosímarker, the state's largest cities include Ciudad Valles, Matehualamarker, and Rioverdemarker.

Geography

San Luis Potosí is bounded on the east by Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas and Veracruz, on the south by Hidalgo, Querétaro and Guanajuato, and on the west by Zacatecas.

The state lies mostly on the Mexican Plateau, with the exception of the southeastern corner of the state, where the tableland breaks down into the tropical valley of the Panuco Rivermarker. The surface of the plateau is comparatively level, with some low mountainous wooded ridges. The Sierra Madre Oriental runs north and south through the state, and separates the Mexican Plateau from the Gulf Coastal Plain to the east. The Sierra Madre Oriental is home to the Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests. The Panuco River originates on the Plateau, and flows eastward through a gap in the Sierra Madre to drain into the Gulf of Mexico. The easternmost portion of the state lies on the Gulf Coastal Plain, and covered by the Veracruz moist forests.

The Panuco and its tributaries drain the southern and southeastern portion of the state. The northern and central portion of the state, including the capital, lie on an interior drainage basin which does not drain to the sea.

The mean elevation is about 6,000 ft., ensuring a temperate climate. The state lies partly within the arid zone of the north, while the southern half receiving a more liberal rainfall through the influence of the nortes, which deliver significant amounts of rain. The rainfall, however, is uncertain at the western and northern regions, and much of the state is poorly provided with rivers. The soil is fertile and in favorable seasons large crops of wheat, maize, beans and cotton are grown on the uplands. In the low tropical valleys, sugar, coffee, tobacco, peppers and fruit are staple products. Stockraising is an important industry and hides, tallow and wool are exported. Fine cabinet and construction woods are also exported to a limited extent.

At one time San Luis Potosí ranked among the leading mining provinces of Mexico, but the revolts following independence resulted in a great decline in that industry. The area around Real de Catorcemarker has some of the richest silver mines in the country. Other well-known silver mining districts are Peñón Blanco, Ramos and Guadalcázarmarker. The development of Guadalcazar dates from 1620 and its ores yield gold, copper, zinc and bismuth, as well as silver. In the Ramos district, the Cocinera lode was said to have a total yield of over $60,000,000 in the first decade of the 20th century.

Municipalities

The State of San Luis Potosí is divided into 58 municipalities ( ), each headed by a municipal president (mayor).

Major communities



Governors

The current governor is Fernando Toranzo (2009-2015) of the PRI party (Partido Revolucionario Institucional).

Economy

Traditionally, the Real de Minas potosino has driven the industrial engines in the state of San Luis Potosí, and as such, nowadays basic metallurgy still has the largest contribution within the Gross Domestic Product of the entity. The main products extracted across local mines are zinc, copper, lead, gold, silver, mercury, manganese, and arsenic. Other industries following the mining lead are in the sectors of chemicals, foods, beverages, tobacco, and textiles.

The services sector, also known as tertiary, is second regarding contribution to the state's income with a 21%, followed by commerce, hotels and restaurants with 18%.These combined activities employ 51% of the economically active population or EAP.

Agriculture is a traditional activity, still practiced in the Huasteca region. Currently, even if it contributes very little to the state GDP, it nevertheless employs as much as 20% of the EAP of the entity. The main agricultural products grown on Potosí soil are maize, beans, barley, sugar cane, oranges, coffee, sour lemon, tuna, and mango. Livestock activities are focused on raising sheep, cattle, and pigs.

General Motors now has a plant under construction, San Luis Potosí Assembly, to employ up to 1800 and assembly up to 160,000 vehicles per year.

Cummins Inc. has had a manufacturing presence in San Luis Potosí since 1980 and employs nearly 2000 people there.

Demography

The state of San Luis Potosí reports a population of a little more than 2,400,000 inhabitants, according to the latest census which took place in the year 2005. Population growth rate for the period 2000-2005 was in fact less than 1%.

The state is inhabited by 60% residents under 30 years of age, and reports a life expectancy rate similar to the national average, that is, 72 years for men, and 77 years of age for women.

Regarding cultural and ethnic diversity, as much as 11% of the state population has an indigenous origin, and the most representative language is that of the Nahuatl, followed by the Huasteco. The native peoples of the state are among the tallest in Mexico and include the Huastecs and Pame people.Due to its severe levels of isolation, the state is one of the nine entities in Mexico which report the highest rates of migration into the United Statesmarker.

Education

The average schooling rate for those over 15 years of age lies at 7,7 years of education, considerably lower than the 8,1% found nationally, while illiteracy rates reach a high 9,2%, in addition to the facts that 28% of the same portion of those older than 15 never finished primary school, and that 4% of children under 14 years do not attend school.

Institutions of higher education include:



Famous people

Arts and sciences

Journalists

Politics

Sports

San Luis Potosí has one professional football (soccer) team: San Luis F.C.

Entertainment Photographers Designers
  • Iván Meade, interior and graphic designer, born and raised in San Luis Potosí,[49452]


External links



References

  • Ricketts, Taylor H., Eric Dinerstein, David M. Olson, Colby J. Loucks, et al. (1999). Terrestrial Ecoregions of North America: a Conservation Assessment. Island Press, Washington DC.



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