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San Martín is a region in northern Perumarker. Most of the region is located in the upper part of the Peruvian Amazon rainforest. Its capital is Moyobambamarker and the largest city in the region is Tarapotomarker.

Geography

Boundaries



Morphology

The territory of San Martín can be divided into four morphological zones:
  • the west, near the eastern side of the Andean Plateau, with a rough topography and many ravines;
  • the zone of the wide valleys, with stepped terraces formed by the Huallaga Rivermarker and its affluents, where population is engaged mainly in cattle and agriculture;
  • the southwest zone, with a relief coming down from the Cordillera Azul, with low elevation, where is an impressive canyon known as Cajón de Sión, which finishes in the Cayumba rapids;
  • a small lower jungle zone with areas easily flooded and with almost no accidents.


The Huallaga River is one of the most important rivers in the region. It forms, together with its tributaries a hydrographical system which drains all of the region's territory. The Pongo de Aguirre is an important canyon formed by the Huallaga going through the Andean hills.

History

Tupac Yupanqui entered and subdued the Inca dominion, the province of Moyobamba, known back then by its native name, Muyupampa. In 1539, Spaniard Alonso de Alvarado reached the Mayo River and founded a city he named Santiago de los Valles de Moyobamba, which later became the capital of Maynas. Another important personality was Priest Manuel Sobreviela who, between 1787 and 1790, accomplished traveling across the Huallaga Rivermarker and subsequently published a map named "Planning for the course of the Huallaga and Ucayali Rivers and for the Pampa del Sacramento".

On August 19, 1821, Moyobamba was the first Peruvian city in declaring its independence.

The construction of a highway in recent years has increased the exchange of different products, benefitting the economy of this region.

Political division

Map of the San Martín region showing its provinces
The region is divided into 10 provinces ( , singular: ), which are composed of 77 districts (distritos, singular: distrito).

The provinces, with their capitals in parenthesis, are:
.

Archaeology

Gran Pajáten is a pre Inca complex of circular slate buildings decorated with figures of flying condors situated on the border with La Libertadmarker. Due to its difficult access, tourism is not yet possible at the site.

See also



External links




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