San Salvador is the capital and largest city of the nation
It is the
third most populous city in Central
America; after Guatemala
City and Managua.
metro covers an area of 568 km² (220 sq mi) and is home
to nearly 1.6 million people. Home to one-half of El Salvador's
wealth, the city's per capita GDP - PPP is approximately USD
11,200, compared to a national
average of USD
city has a long history, with origins dating back to the Spanish
conquest of the Pipil tribes. 
The name of the capital city is the
Spanish name of "Holy Savior."
The origins of the city can be traced to before the Spanish
Conquest. It is near the present location of San Salvador that the
groups, established their capital,
. Not much is known about
this city, since it was abandoned by its inhabitants in an effort
to avoid Spanish rule.
Under the orders of Pedro de
, Gonzalo de
and Diego de Holgiun
were ordered to take the settlement they found and develop it.
Diego de Holgiun became the first mayor of San Salvador after the
town was founded on April 1, 1525. However, later in the sixteenth
century, it was rebuilt and changed locations twice in 1528 and
1545. Originally founded in what is now the archaeological site
Ciudad Vieja, north of the present-day city, it was moved to the
Valle de Las Hamacas or the Acelhuate Valley, named so due to the
intense seismic activity that characterizes it. The new site was
chosen as it had more space and more fertile land, thanks to the
pristine (though now extremely polluted
Acelhuate River. As the population of the country remained
relatively small up until the early twentieth century, the city
grew very slowly.
On December 4, 1931, after a coup president Arturo Araujo was
ousted by the military. As the Times Magazine says, the military
were not paid their salary for some months and decided to revolt
installing a Military Directorate. The Directorate named then
Vice-president Maximiliano Hernandez Martinez as president and
Araujo went to exile. This was the beginning of the Military
Dictatorship that lasted from 1931 to 1979.
In 1964, the Christian Democratic Party (PDC) won the Mayor
elections with Engineer Jose Napoleon Duarte, he was elected freely
because the president Adalberto Rivera let democracy happen in
mayoralties and the National Assembly elections. Jose Napoleon
Duarte was Mayor in San Salvador from 1964 to 1970. He built the
Pancho Lara park in Vista Hermosa neighborhood, renewed the
Electricity System in the capital. He also started the Evening
Adult Schools helping a lot of adult workers study during evenings
and this helped a lot in getting new technicians.
In 1975, there was a massacre of university students on 25th Avenue
by the Military during protests.
In San Salvador we can find the tombs of many famous Salvadorean
presidents: Matias Delgado and Manuel Jose Arce (La Merced Church),
Francisco Morazan and Gerardo Barrios (Los Ilustres Cemetery), Jose
Napoleon Duarte (Jardines del Recuerdo Cemetery).
The city's altitude averages 560 meters above sea level.
located by valley among the foothills of the Quezaltepec, or San Salvador, volcano.
In fact, the
valley got its nickname from the Spaniards who called the area
"El Valle de las Hamacas"
(The Valley of the
) due to its constant seismic activity. Just East of
the city, lies Lake Illopango, the largest lake in the
San Salvador is mainly hot, the coolest months being November
through February. The temperature varies widely between midday and
midnight, due to changing levels of humidity throughout the day.
The highest reading ever recorded in San Salvador was , the lowest
was . The highest dew point was and the lowest . San Salvador has
two seasons: rainy and dry. The dry season lasts from October
through March, and the rainy From April through September.
San Salvador from space, January
, the national airline of El
Salvador and other Central American countries, has its headquarters
in San Salvador.
Approximately 89% of the population are mestizos
(mix of indigenous and European ancestry),
9% are white
, and the rest are
indigenous and other small ethnic groups, including Chinese
Salvador was first served by Ilopango
International Airport, but in January 31, 1980, Ilopango was substituted
by the bigger El Salvador International
Airport which took all the International flights.
2008 the airport served over six million people, far more than it
is made to handle. Plans for a bigger more modern airport, are
currently being planned.
offers the widest boulevards in Central America and is served by a
railroad that connects to other cities such as Soyapango and Apopa.
Boulevard de Los Próceres
main language is Spanish.The railroads were closed down due to poor
San Salvador has some famous private Evangelical high schools such
as: Colegio Bautista, Liceo Cristiano Juan Bueno. Also there are
Catholic private high schools such as: Liceo Salvadoreño, Externado
San Jose, Colegio La Asuncion and other Non-religious such as
Escuela Americana and Garcia Flamenco.
San Salvador is home to many higher education institutions. The
only public University in the country is Universidad de El
Salvador.Other private universities, like Universidad
Centroamericana José Simeón Cañas and Universidad Dr. José Matías
Delgado, two of the best universities in Central America, are
located in the capital city.
also: Great San Salvador Earthquake
The city has suffered from severe earthquakes
over the years, the most disastrous
of which occurred in 1854. Also worthy of mentioning is the 1917
eruption of the San Salvador volcano, which resulted in three major
earthquakes and damaged the city so extensively that the government
was forced to move the capital to the present-day city of Santa
Tecla, then named Nueva San Salvador. The most recent earthquake,
in 2001, resulted in considerable damage, especially in Las Colinas
suburb where a landslide destroyed homes and killed many
During the 1980s, conflicts in El Salvador erupted into a civil
war, and many people fled to the city since most of the fighting
occurred outside of it (San Salvador itself was not directly
affected by the war until the final offensive of 1989). Hurricanes
and landslides also pose a threat.
Roman Catholicism plays a prominent role in San Salvador. National
hero, Oscar Romero was the city's archbishop. La Fiesta de Agosto,
celebrate El Salvador del Mundo, which the city was named after.
The archbishop of El Salvador is José Luis Escobar Alas. .
San Salvador is a rich cultural city, with many places such as the
historical centre or downtown, which enmarks some of the most
beautiful architectures in town. One of the main historical places
of the capital city is the National Theatre. Recently remodelled,
it was originally built in 1866. The National Palace keeps its
original front, and combines neoclassic, neogothics and renaissance
architectural details on its structure.
San Salvador also has other cultural places such as the El
Salvador´s Art Museum (Museo de Arte de El Salvador, MARTE), the
National Museum David J. Guzmán, the Luis Poma´s Theatre, and the
museum for kids Tin Marin. 
, among others.
Gallery of San Salvador
Salvador, seen from the Quetzaltepec
SalvadorImage:Catedral de San Salvador.jpg|The new
al Salvador del Mundo (Monument to the Savior of the
to the RevolutionImage:Nattheatre.jpg|National Theatre in
Hilton Hotel in zona
buildings near the 'Salvador del Mundo'
- Guatemala City, Guatemala
- Managua, Nicaragua
- Mexico City, Mexico
- Guadalajara, Mexico
- San Pedro Sula, Honduras
- Taipei, Taiwan (ROC)
- Los Angeles, California, United
- Cartagena de Indias, Colombia
- Madrid, Spain