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Sandakan is the second-largest city in Sabahmarker, East Malaysiamarker, on the north-eastern coast of Borneomarker. It is located on the east coast of the island and it is the administrative centre of Sandakan Division and was the former capital of British North Borneo. Sandakan is known as the gateway for ecotourism destinations in Sabah, such as the Sepilok Orang Utan Rehabilitation Centre, the Rainforest Discovery Centre, Turtle Islands Park, Kinabatangan Rivermarker and Gomantong Caves.

The area is also infamous as the site of a World War II Japanmarker airfield, built by the forced labour of 6,000 Javanesemarker civilians and Allied prisoners of war. In 1945, the surviving Australian prisoners were sent on the Sandakan Death Marches; only 6 of them survived the war.

History

During the early 1870s, the east coast of Sabah was under control of the Sultan of Sulumarker, who also ruled what is now the southern Philippines. The first European settlement in the area was founded by William Clarke Cowie, a Scottishmarker gun smuggler from Glasgowmarker, who received permission from the Sultan to establish a small trading base. Cowie called his settlement Sandakan, which in Tausug means "the place that was pawned", but it soon came to be known as "Kampung German" after the large number of Germans who also set up posts there. The settlement was part of the lease Austro-Hungarian consul Baron von Overbeck acquired from the Sultan of Sulu in 1878. After the lease was purchased by von Overbeck's British partner Alfred Dent, Kampong German was accidentally razed to the ground on 15 June 1879. The new British Resident, William Burges Pryer, decided not to rebuild the village but to move to (what is now called) Buli Sim Sim on 21 June 1879. He named his new settlement Elopura, which means Beautiful City. A few years later, the name reverted back to Sandakan. The name Elopura still refers to a region of Sandakan.

In 1883, the capital of the British North Borneo Company was moved from Kudatmarker to Sandakan. In the mid-1930s, Sandakan's timber export reached the record figure of 180,000 cubic meters, making it the largest timber-exporting port of tropical wood in the world. At the height of the timber boom, Sandakan boasted that it had the highest concentration of millionaires anywhere on Earth.

The Japanese occupation of Sandakan during World War II began on 19 January 1942 and lasted until a brigade of the Australian 9th Division liberated it on 19 October 1945. The Japanese administration restored the name Elopura for the town. One of the atrocities of World War II was the Sandakan Death Marches, when Japanese soldiers decided to move about 2,400 prisoners of war in Sandakan 260 km (160 miles) inland to the town of Ranau. The prisoners who did not die en route to Ranau were crammed into unsanitary huts; most of those survivors either died from dysentery or were killed by prison guards. When the war ended, Sandakan was totally destroyed, partly from the Allied bombings and partly by the Japanese. As a result, when North Borneo became a British Crown Colony in 1946, the capital was shifted to Jesseltonmarker, now known as Kota Kinabalumarker, (often just called 'KK' locally).

Sandakan remains Sabah's second most important port, after Kota Kinabalumarker. The port is important for palm oil, tobacco, cocoa, coffee, manila hemp and sago exports. Sandakan is also one of the most bustling towns in East Malaysia. The once dominant timber industry is now relatively small. It is likely tourism will become increasingly important to the town's future.

Sandakan Town Centre
In recent years, businesses have shifted their operations away from the town centre to the suburbs due to the presence of illegal immigrants in the town centre. In January 2003, the Sandakan Harbour Square, an urban renewal project, was launched in an attempt to revive the town centre as the commercial hub in Sandakan. It will feature a new central market and fish market, a shopping mall, and hotels. It is to be built in three separate phases and is due for completion in 2010.

Sandakan residents have suffered serious problems with electricity and water supply for several decades. These problems had never been solved despite repeated promises during elections. The electrical power often fails whenever there is a thunderstorm or heavy rain and the problems continues to worsen everyday with frequent blackouts for most part of Sandakan. Even the government hospital is effected.

Schools & Academic Institutions

Primary Schools

SK Kg Suan Lamba

SK Abai

SK Bambangan Sandakan

SK Bandar Sandakan

SK Batu 16, Gum Gum

SK Bawang Sandakan

SK Bilit

SK Bongon Besar

SK Buang Sayang Kinabatangan

SK Gum Gum Kecil

SK Inarad

SK Jaya Bakti

SK Kabuluh

SK Kampong Gas

SK Karamunting

SK Kem Tentera

SK Kenang-kenangan

SK Keniogan

SK Keramuak

SK Kg Bahagia - Web

SK Kg Baru Sandakan

SK Kg Batu Puteh

SK Rancangan Suan Lamba

SK Kiandongo

SK Labuk Subur

SK Ladang Sandak

SK Ladang Sg Bendera

SK Langkabong

SK Linayukan

SK Lingkabau

SK Lubang Buaya Sandakan

SK Lung Manis

SK Maidan Paitan

SK Malalin

SK Maliau

SK Masaum

SK Menanam

SK Mengkawago

SK Minusuh

SK Moynod

SK Muhibbah

SK Mumiang

SK Nangoh

SK Nunuyan Laut

SK Obah

SK Pamaguan

SK Pamol

SK Pantai Poring

SK Pekan Beluran

SK Perancangan Beluran

SK Pertanian

SK Pitas Mumiang

SK Pulau Lubukan

SK Pulau Sanghai

SK Pulau Timbang

SK Rancangan Lubuh

SK Saguon

SK Sakilan Desa

SK Sangau

SK Sapagaya Sandakan

SK Segaliud

SK Semawang

SK Seri Pagi

SK Sibugal Besar

SK Simpangan Sandakan

SK Sipinong

SK Sogo-sogo

SK Sri Ganda

SK Sri Tanjung Papat 1

SK Sri Tanjung Papat 2

SK Sualok

SK Sukau

SK Sungai Anib 1

SK Sungai Anib 2

SK Sungai Kayu

SK Sungai Madang

SK Sungai Manila

SK Sungai Nangka

SK Sungai Padas

SK Sungai Sapi

SK Sungai-sungai

SK Tagas-tagas

SK Taman Rimba

SK Tambisan

SK Tampasak Sandakan

SK Tampat Sugut

SK Tanjung Aru Sandakan

SK Tanjung Batu Sandakan

SK Tanjung Nipis

SK Tanjung Pisau

SK Telupid, Batu 4

SK Terusan Baru Sandakan

SK Terusan Sugut

SK Tetabuan

SK Tongod

SK Tundun Bohangin

SK Ulu Dusun

SK Ulu Sapi

SJK (C) Cheng Ming

SJK (C) Chi Hwa

SJK (C) Lok Yuk

SJK (C) Ming Chung

SJK (C) Pui Gin

SJK (C) Pei Ying

SJK (C) Pei Wha

SJK (C) Syn Hwa

SJK (C) Tai Tong

SJK (C) Yuk Choi


SK Ladang Bode Kretam

SK Ladang Sabapalm

SK Ladang Tomanggong

SK St. Gabriel

SK St. Mary Convent

SK St. Mary, Bandar

SK St. Mary, Labuk

SK St. Monica

SK Sung Siew

SK Tangkong


Secondary Schools

SMK Agama Sandakan

SMK Batu Sapi

SMK Elopura Bestari

SMK Elopura II

SMK Gum-Gum

SMK Muhibbah

SMK Pamol

SMK Penangah (UK)

SMK Perempuan - Sabah Edu.net

SMK Sandakan

SMK Segaliud

SMK Taman Fajar

SMK Terusan Sugut

SMK Datuk Pengiran Galpam

SM Teknik Sandakan - Link 1


St. Cecilia's Convent

St. Mary's Secondary School (Boys' School) - Sabah Edu.net

St. Michael's Secondary School - Sabah Edu.net -

Sung Siew Secondary School - Homepage


SMJK Tiong Hua - SMJK Education Portal


Yu Yuan Secondary School (Private School) - Homepage


Tertiary Academic Institution
Open University Malaysia, PPT Sandakan (Universiti Terbuka Malaysia) - [126674]

ILP Sandakan (Industrial Training Institute)

Kinabalu College - Link 1

Maktab Rendah Sains MARA sandakan

Pusat giat mara sandakan


Future & Ongoing developments

  • Sandakan Education Hub - a site to be developed as an educational hub for five colleges that have expressed interest to establish campuses in Sandakan.
  • Sandakan Harbour Square - consists of 129 unit of shopoffices, a new central market, a Town Square, a shopping centre, hotels and a convention centre.
  • Sawit POIC (Palm Oil Industrial Cluster) - a new integrated palm oil industrial hub with of land earmarked to cluster and centralised all palm oil related industries in one single complex.
  • Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS) branch campus
  • Sandakan Integrated Trade Exchange Terminal (SITExT) - a place for traders to conduct their activities with utmost ease and leisure. " A Sanctuary for Traders". The terminal will be developed on a piece of land in Batu Sapi, Sandakan with custom checkpoint, jetty, warehouse, cold storage, grain terminal, container storage, CIQS (custom, immigration, quarantine and security complex), duty free complex, shop lots, hotel and main office. The Integrated Barter Trade Terminal will undoubtedly become a SANCTUARY that will manage and generate an intrinsic income stream to Sabah's economy. Link to SITExT's Official Website


Sports

Rugby is popular in Sandakan, Eddie Butler, a former Welsh Rugby Union captain, described it as the "Limerick of the tropics"Eddie Butler , Hard-nosed rugby men stick out among the proboscis monkeys, The Observer Sport section p. 13, 2008-11-09 In 2008 at the newly build Sandakan Rugby Club, the Borneo Eagles-Sabahns (a team which included a few professional Fijians), hosted at the Borneo 10-a-side tournament for the eight and last time. Next year the tournament will change to seven-aside, which is an internationally popular format and one which the IRB is promoting as a possible Olympic sport.

Sights

Puuh Jih Shih Temple
Kampung Buli Sim Sim


As Sandakan was almost totally destroyed in World War II, there are few surviving buildings of any age. Some of the main sights today include:

  • Agnes Keith House, also known as Newlands - two-storey home of local author Agnes Newton Keith and her husband Harry Keith (Conservator of Forests and Curator of the North Borneo Museum). The Keiths lived on this site from 1930 to 1952: they rebuilt the present house on the foundations of their pre-war home which had been destroyed in World War II. Mrs. Keith wrote several books about Sabah and its people, including Land Below the Wind, Three Came Home, and White Man Returns, and a novel, Beloved Exiles. The house has recently been restored after a number of years of neglect.
  • Sandakan Memorial Park - built on site of the Taman Rimba prisoner-of-war camp.
  • Japanese Cemetery - housing a memorial to the Japanese war dead on Borneo.
  • St Michael's and All Angels Church - this beautiful granite church was built in 1897 and was one of Sandakan's few surviving pre-war buildings. It was recognized as one of the world's heritage since year 2005.
  • Puu Jih Shih Buddhist Temple - completed in 1987, this fiery red and gold temple overlooks the town centre.
  • Sam Sing Kung Temple - completed in 1887, it is the oldest building in Sandakan.
  • Sandakan Mosque - completed in 1988, it lies next to the bay and Kampung Buli Sim Sim.
  • Kampung Buli Sim Sim - stilt fishing village on the original site of Sandakan town.
  • Sandakan New Market - one of the largest and busiest in Sabah.
  • Crocodile Farm - located 12 km (7.5 miles) out of town, it houses more than 2,000 of the reptiles in concrete pools.
  • Labuk Bay Proboscis Monkey Sanctuary - a perfect Proboscis monkey observation spot for tourists who wants to have a closer look at these monkeys in their natural habitat.
  • Berhala Island.


Image:SdkAerial1.jpg|Aerial view of Sandakan TownImage:SdkAerial2.jpg|Another Aerial view of Sandakan TownImage:Third_Avenue,_Sandakan.jpg|Third Avenue , SandakanImage:Side_Street,_Sandakan.jpg|A side street in SandakanImage:WarEX.jpg|Panoramic view of Sandakan Memorial Park MonumentImage:Sandakan_from_The_English_Tea_House.jpg |Sandakan landscape sight from English Tea House (near the Rotary's Observation Pavilion)Image:Sandakan_from_Puu_Jih_Shih_Temple.jpg|Sandakan from the Puu Jih Shih TempleImage:StMichaelChurch.jpg|The oldest granite church in Malaysia, Parish of St. Michael's and All AngelsImage:Water_Village,_Sandakan_1.jpg|Water village in Kampung Buli Sim Sim , Sandakan, landward sideImage:Water_Village,_Sandakan_2.jpg|Water village in Kampung Buli Sim Sim , Sandakan, seaward sideImage:Puu_Jih_Shih_Temple,_Sandakan.jpg|Puu Jih Shih Temple , SandakanImage:PuuJihEX2.jpg|Panoramic view of Puu Jih Shih TempleImage:PuuJihEX.jpg|Indoor Panoramic view of Puu Jih Shih Temple

Image:BuddhaStatues.JPG|Statues in Puu Jih TempleImage:Mile6.jpg|one of the suburbs (satellite towns), Bandar Indah Jaya, at Mile 4.

References

  1. http://www.abcsabah.com/sandakan/


External links



The old White Sand Bay, the beach has been destroyed by pollution & illegal immigrants, it is now turned to a village seafood restaurant.Image:CNYUnicornDance.jpg|The uniquely Kylin dance is still being performed in Sandakan during Chinese New Year, especially in Bandar Ramai Ramai.Image:Sandakan2.jpg|The view of Sandakan town centreImage:BirdnestEX.jpg|Panoramic view of Bird Nest Roundabout at Coastal roadImage:RotaryObservationEX.jpg|Panoramic view of Rotary Observation PavilionImage:Newlands-the-home-of-Agnes-Newton-Keith-Sabah-Borneo.JPG|Newlands, the home of Agnes Newton Keith and Harry Keith.

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