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Sandbach is a market town and civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire East and the ceremonial county of Cheshiremarker, Englandmarker. The civil parish contains four settlements; Sandbach itself, Elworthmarker, Ettiley Heath and Wheelockmarker.

Sandbach is probably best known as the original home of both Foden and ERF lorries, both companies founded by members of the Foden family. Neither company now exists in Sandbach, having been taken over and production moved elsewhere. As of 2007 there is no trace of Fodens within Sandbach, with the former mansion home of the Foden family at Westfields being demolished to make way for a new council building. However, Foden's Brass Band, originally created for employees and now renamed Foden's Richardson Brass Band, is still based in Sandbach.

History

Toponymy

Known as Sanbec in 1086, and Sondbache in 1260, Sandbach derives its name from the Anglo-Saxon sand bæce, which can mean sand stream or sand valley.

Early history

Traces of settlement are found in Sandbach from Saxon times, when the town was called Sanbec. Little is known about the town during this period, except that it was subjected to frequent Welsh and Danish raids. The town's inhabitants were converted to Christianity in the 7th century by four priests: Cedda, Adda, Betti and Diuma. The town has an entry in the Domesday Book from 1086, at which time it was sufficiently large to need a priest and a church. The entry states:

Sanbec: Bigot de Loges. 1 hide and 1½ virgates pay tax. Land for 2 ploughs. 1 Frenchman has ½ plough, 3 slaves. 2 villagers have ½ plough. Church. Woodland. Value TRE 4s; now 8s.

13th century

By the 13th century, during the reign of King John much of the land around the township of Sandbach was owned by Richard de Sandbach who was the High Sheriff of Cheshire in 1230. Richard de Sandbach specifically owned a manor, he claimed an interest in the living of Sandbach. This claim against Earl Randle de Blundeville was unsuccessful. His son, Jon, however was slightly more successful as he won an 'interest' temporarily against the Abbot of Dieulacres only for it to be lost when it went to the King's Bench.Sandbach Official Guide 1970

Tudor and Stuart era

Sandbach Town Crier at Sandbach Transport Festival
The manor in Sandbach passed through numerous families, including the Leghs and Radclyffes. It was eventually bought by Sir Randulph Crewe, who became the Lord of the Manor.

Sandbach has been a market town since 1579 when it was granted a Royal Charter by Elizabeth I due to the petitioning of Sir John Radclyffe of Ordsallmarker who, as the largest landowner in Sandbach and the owner of the Old Hallmarker, encouraged the farmers of the area to hold a market in the town on Thursdays. The charter also allowed for right to establish a Court-leet and a Court of Pied-powder. The original charter is still preserved, and can be found in Chestermarker; a reproduction can be found in the Sandbach Town Council chamber, which is at the Literary Institution. The charter also granted the town the right to hold two annual fairs, which lasted for two days, and were held around Easter and early September. Today the Thursday market is still held outdoors on Scotch Common, and in and around the Town Hall. Nearby are some wetlands called Sandbach Flashesmarker.

Civil war and Commonwealth

During the Wars of the Three Kingdoms a Scottish army swept down into Englandmarker, before being forced to retreat at the Battle of Worcestermarker. On 3 September 1651 Sandbach summer fair was being held and a Scottish army of around 1,000 exhausted cavalry men passed through the town; this army had been under the command of David Leslie. The town was not an easy retreat route however, as the people of Sandbach and the market stallholders attacked the Scottish army. A newspaper of the time said:
The dispute was very hot for two or three houres, and there were some townsmen hurt and two or three slaine, the Townesman slew about nine or ten and tooke 100 prisoners.


This was the only notable event of the Civil War to have happened in Sandbach. As the fair and the fight took place on the common of the town, after this event the common gained the name Scotch Common.

19th and 20th century

In 1802 the population was 1844, by 1851 this had reached 4659. Sandbach became a civil parish in 1866. The records from 1901 show a population 0f 5568 In 1936 parts of the area of Bradwall, all of Elton and Wheelock were added , significantly increasing the parishes size. the Hamlets transferred from Bradwall were Boothlane Head, Brickhouses, Ettiley Heath, Forge Fields, Hindheath, Elworth and Marsh Green. By 1951 the population had reached 9253.

Second World War

During WARSHIP WEEK in December 1941 Sandbach adopted HMS Vimiera as its affiliated ship. Sadly the association was short lived as the Vimiera was lost on the 9th of January 1942 when HMS Vimiera under the command of Lieutenant-Commander Angus Alexander Mackenzie, RNR, was sunk by a mine in the Thames estuarymarker off East Spile Buoy on 9 January 1942. with the loss of 96 hands.

Governance

Local government

Christmas lights on Sandbach Literary Institution on 29 November 2008
Since 1 April 2009 it has been served by Cheshire East Council., whose headquarters are at Westfields in Sandbach. For the purposes of the local town elections Sandbach is divided into three wards: North, East, and West ward, and town councillors are elected for terms of four years. For the Cheshire East Unitary Authority elections there are two wards.

Sandbach has a Town Council and youth council. The town council has jurisdiction over the whole parish of Sandbach, not just the town. All meetings are held in the Literary Institution in Sandbach and the press and public are welcome to attend, except in the rare event of something sensitive being talked about. Sandbach Town Council is striving for "Quality Town Council" status, and has created a "vision document" to give direction to the council. The Council became a Quality Town Council on 1 September 2008. The council also applied for Fairtrade Town status, which was granted on 17 July 2008.

The town was previously governed by Sandbach Urban District Council (SUDC), this was then merged with other urban and rural councils form Congleton Borough Councilmarker in 1974, Congleton Borough Council was dissolved on 31 March 2009, with the new authority Cheshire East taking over its responsibilities and those of Cheshire County Council on 1 April 2009. Sandbach Urban District Council was created in 1894 and dissolved in 1974. Before the SUDC the town was under the governance of the Sandbach Urban Sanitary District founded in 1875 and replaced in 1894..

Arms of the former SUDC

In 1956 Sandbach Urban District Council secured a grant of Armorial Bearings. The Blazon is
Azure, on a Fesse Argent between in chief two garbs and in base a representation of the Saxon Crosses of Sandbach Or, a Fesse Gules.And for the Crest on a Wreath Or and Azure in front of a Garb Or banded with Silk Ribbons Alternately Azure and Gules a demi-Wheel of the last.


The use of the crosses confirmed them as a symbol of Sandbach.

By an Order in Council signed by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth the Second on 13 October 1980, the Armorial bearings of the SUDC were "Transferred unto and do now as of right pertain and belong to the Town Council of Sandbach". A Certificate of confirmation of that Order was issued by the College of Armsmarker in May 1981.

Constituencies

The town is in the Congleton constituencymarker and the current MP is Lady Ann Winterton. For the European Parliamentmarker it is in the North West Constituency. Before its current constituency Sandbach has been part of five other constituencys South Cheshire from 1832 to 1867, Mid Cheshire from 1868 to 1885, Crewe from 1885 to 1948, Knutsford from 1949 to 1954 and Crewe from 1955 to 1974.

Geography

Sandbach hosts the administrative HQ for Cheshire East Council, replacing the former county town for Cheshire, of Chester . The distance from London to Sandbach is . The nearest large town is Crewe, which is six miles (10 km) to the south-west by road and can be reached either via the A534 Wheelock/Haslington bypass or via Winterleymarker and Haslingtonmarker. The nearest city is Stoke-on-Trentmarker in the neighbouring county of Staffordshire, approximately away by road. The town is served by the M6 motorway, junction 17 and Sandbach Station on the Crewemarker to Manchestermarker mainline.

Landmarks

125PX
has two important historical features in the cobbled market square. These are the Saxon Crossesmarker that were reportedly built in the 7th, 8th or 9th century. A plaque is situated on the crosses which states they were completed in the 9th century. The crosses are Scheduled Ancient Monuments. It reads:

Listed buildings

Sandbach is also home to many listed buildings, the buildings include Sandbach Schoolmarker, St Mary's Church, Sandbachmarker and the Old Hall Hotel, Sandbachmarker. Many of the local public houses, which were formerly stage coach stops, are listed, for example the Lower Chequer. Many of the buildings of the town were designed by the renowned architect Sir George Gilbert Scott; he designed Sandbach Literary Institution, Sandbach School, St John's Sandbach Heath and the Almshouses. He also restored St Mary's Church.

Transport

The town is served by Sandbach railway stationmarker, on the Crewe to Manchester Line, with services operated by Northern Rail to and from as far north as Deansgatemarker although there is a branch line north of the station leading to Northwichmarker which is mainly used by freight traffic and express passenger trains heading to Chestermarker while the North Wales Coast Line is unavailable between the city and Crewe, although some organisations have been campaigning for a local passenger service between the two stations. The station itself is located to the west of the town in Elworthmarker. Pressure of road traffic going from Greater Manchestermarker to Crewemarker has forced the building of a bypass for Sandbach, Wheelockmarker, Wheelock Heath, Winterley, and Haslington for the A534. This is largely due to the M6 motorway which has a junction (J17) at Sandbach, which is close to the RoadChef service station.

Local bus services are provided by Arriva and D&G Bus and Coach.

Development

Sandbach Partnership

A partnership of groups forms the Sandbach Partnership, which is part of the South East Cheshire Enterprise (SECE).

Education

Primary schools

It has been announced by Cheshire County Council that they are looking into reducing the number of primary school places in Sandbach.

The following primary schools are in Sandbach Town and Civil Parish.

Secondary schools

School House at Sandbach School


Sandbach Schoolmarker was founded as a parish charity school for boys in 1677. Now it is an independent comprehensive boys school, with charitable status, funded by Cheshire Local Education Authority but controlled by a board of governors. The school's motto is Ut Severis Seges meaning approximately "what you sow, so shall you reap" though literally meaning "You sow in order to reap". The school has 985 pupils, with 185 in the Sixth Form, and is still growing. The school has its own Combined Cadet Force (CCF). This is a cadet force in which all three British armed forces (Royal Navy, Army and Royal Air Force) are represented.On 4 September 2006 the school officially became a 'Specialist Arts College', this is partly due to the success of the school's theatre company (made up of its pupils and occasionally staff). This change has had an impact on the ethos of the school, with a more direct focus on art, music, dance and cross-curricular arts.

Within Sandbach there is also a girls comprehensive school, Sandbach Highmarker. It was originally the town's mixed Secondary Modern when Sandbach Schoolmarker served as the boys grammar school, but has been a single-sex comprehensive since 1979.

Religious sites

Logo of Churches together in Sandbach


Churches Together in Sandbach helps bring the various denominational churches together.

The Following churches are in Sandbach Town

These are in Sandbach Civil Parish

Accommodation

Old Hall Hotel
There are a few places to stay in Sandbach. The 18th century church rectory—now the Chimney House Hotel—offers an easily accessible place to stay. Other hotels include the historic Old Hall Hotelmarker, claimed to be one of the most haunted hotels in the UK. The Most Haunted television show featured the hotel in series 5. The Old Hall Hotel is one of the last remaining examples of Tudor architecture typical of the buildings in the town. As of 2007, the hotel was closed and undergoing refurbishment. A small selection of public houses in the town centre can offer bedrooms.

Culture

Events

The Transport Festival

Poster for the Transport Festival 2009
Sandbach has an annual transport festival which usually takes place during April. It originally started in 1992 as ‘Transport through the Ages parade’, and was such a success that it became an annual event; since its inception it has been run alongside the National Town Criers’ competition. The Festival is run by an organising committee in partnership with Congleton Borough Council, Sandbach Town Council and the North West Development Agency who provide much of the funding for the free event. Many volunteers help run the event.

Christmas lights

At the end of November every year the Christmas lights are turned on by the chairman of the town council.

Christmas lights on the Town Hall in Sandbach


Sports and recreation

Within the town there are various sporting facilities: there is a leisure centre run by Congleton Borough Council, and Sandbach Schoolmarker offers community sports facilities.There are various sports teams in Sandbach; many work with the local community, for example holding training sessions in local schools. The main local football club is Sandbach United Football Club which holds the "FA Charter Standard" and has over 30 teams and 600 players aged from 5 upwards. It has recently started to work with the borough councilmarker in developing new sports facilities. The local Rugby Union club is Sandbach RUFC; it is the largest sporting club in the boroughmarker and has recently been at the heart of some controversy as the members of the club got involved with ITV's Generation Xcess and were seen heavily inebriated in local pubs. As a result many were barred, but the club responded by saying that ITV was selective in what it showed. The Local Cricket club is Sandbach Cricket Club. In 2008 the First XI won the Cheshire Cricket Alliance League - Division 1 on the last day of the season to gain promotion to the Meller Braggins League - Division 3. The leading local side is Elworth Cricket Club which plays in the North Staffs & South Cheshire Cricket League - Championship Division 1. The Club operates 5 senior teams, a midweek team and 9 junior teams at U9, U11, U13, U15 and U17 levels. Sandbach Squash Club enters two teams in the North West Counties League. There is also Sandbach Judo Club which meets at Sandbach School and is a member of British Judo Council. There are two golf clubs in Sandbach. Sandbach Golf Club is located on Middlewich Road, approximately 1/2 a mile West of the Town Centre. It was founded in 1895 and is a challenging 9-hole parkland course (with 16 tees) welcoming both members and visitors during the week and at weekends. Malkins Bank Golf Course is an 18-hole municipal course operated by Congleton Borough Councilmarker. Located 1 mile South of the Town Centre, this is a challenging parkland course and is regarded as "one of the finest municipal golf courses around" Sandbach also has a thriving darts league - with both mens and ladies leagues playing in most of the many pubs in the area.

Arts

Foden's Brass Band

The band is currently bidding for lottery funding in the form of a Heritage Lottery grant. In 2008 the band was ranked number one in the "World Brass Band Rankings". In 2008 Foden's became British Open Brass Band Champions. The band has been sponsored to the tune of £7,500 by Sandbach Town Council.

Filmography

Sandbach in particular Sandbach School was host to the BYFA's Production of the feature film The School That Roared.

Sandbach Players

A section of Sandbach Town Hall
Sandbach Players was founded as Sandbach Amateur Dramatic Society in 1946 and until 2007 they were a community theatre company which performed regularly. Productions started with Without the Prince performed at the town hall, where all productions were held until 1977. In 1977 the society acquired a building in the town which became 'The Little Theatre' where productions were then held. A period of great prosperity followed and the 'House Full' sign was put to frequent use. However, in 1992, the society was forced to leave the building after a survey revealed dry rot. Far from being despondent, the society bounced back to perform John Chapman's Dry Rot at Sandbach School. The school was their home until 2005 when Sandbach Players returned to Sandbach Town Hall where all productions were staged. Sandbach Players was dissolved in June 2007 following difficulty in obtaining cast and crew members.

Sandbach Voices

Sandbach Voices is a local choir that was founded in 1947 and is a registered charity. The choir's mission is to bring choral music into the community, and it regularly stages concerts, often in Sandbach Town Hall or at St Mary's Church, Sandbachmarker.

Media

Five local newspapers are distributed in Sandbach: the Chronicle (Sandbach edition), published on Wednesdays, the Sandbach Chronicle on Thursdays, Crewe Guardian on Thursdays, the South Cheshire Advertiser, and the daily Sentinel (Cheshire edition).

South Cheshire is served by BBC Radio Stoke. It is also in the broadcast area of Cheshire FM and the Macclesfieldmarker based Silk FM.

Public services

In Sandbach water services are provided by United Utilities. There has been a new Primary Care Centre created called Ashfields Primary Care Centre. This was built on the former ERF site and was a merger of two doctors' surgeries and one health care centre. It provides a wide range of services for Sandbach and surrounding areas; there is also a Co-operative Pharmacy on site. The Primary Care Centre is in the Central and Eastern Cheshire Primary Care Trust (CECPCT). The nearest local hospital is Leighton Hospitalmarker in Crewe. Sandbach is in Mid Cheshire Hospitals NHS Trust.Sandbach is served by the North West Ambulance Service. Policing is provided by Cheshire Constabulary. Cheshire Fire & Rescue Service runs the fire station in the town.

Public Health

Recently in South and Mid-Cheshire there has been a large outbreak of Measles . This has led to a large scale immunisation program in the area the Health Protection Agency (HPA) North West saying that 2,300 children and adolescents have had to have been immunised in two weeks. Crewemarker, Sandbach and Middlewichmarker were the most severely affected by this outbreak with most of the 75 cases being within these towns.

Notable people



See also



References

Notes

  1. Nicolaisen, Gelling & Richards, The Names of Towns and Cities in Britain, p. 168
  2. http://www.roll-of-honour.com/Durham/TowLaw.html
  3. http://www.naval-history.net/xDKCas1942-01JAN.htm
  4. Cheshire (Structural Changes) Order 2008
  5. Retrieved on 26 August 2008.
  6. Cheshire County Council - Sandbach Partnership
  7. http://www.sandbachchurches.org.uk/members.html#c5 Retrieved 25 of June 2008
  8. Haunted Hotels. Retrieval Date: 23 October, 2007.
  9. Most Haunted (series 5). Retrieval Date: 23 October, 2007.
  10. Home
  11. http://www.crewechronicle.co.uk/crewe-news/crewe-breaking-news/2008/10/20/fodens-brass-band-on-top-of-the-world-96135-22076450/Fodens Brass Band on top of the world
  12. Sandbach Voices Official Website


Bibliography





External links




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