Sandbostel is a municipality
Saxony (Niedersachsen) in northwestern Germany, 43 km
north-east of Bremen, 60 km west
Coordinates: 53° 25′ N, 9° 8′ E. Population: 816 (2005)
Sandbostel belonged to the Prince-Archbishopric of Bremen
established in 1180. In 1648 the Prince-Archbishopric was
transformed into the Duchy of
, which was first ruled in personal union
by the Swedish Crown -
interrupted by a Danish occupation (1712-1715) - and from 1715 on
by the Hanoverian
the ephemeric Kingdom of Westphalia annexed the Duchy, before France annexed it in 1810.
1813 the Duchy was restored to the Electorate of Hanover
, which - after
its upgrade to the Kingdom of
in 1814 - incorporated the Duchy in a real union
and the Ducal territory, including
Sandbostel, became part of the new Stade
, established in 1823.
In 1932 in the Great Depression
Church of the State of Hanover
opened a camp for workless
singles, employed in public works (roadworks, amelioration) near
the Sandbostel camp, meanwhile usurped by the Nazi trade union
converted into the Prisoner-of-war
X-B and a camp of internment for civilian enemy aliens.
Until 1945 about a million
inmates passed through the camp, with about 46,000 perished. A
couple of the original camp buildings still exist in the commercial
. The cemetery in which several thousand
prisoners are buried in mass graves is just outside the town. There
is a memorial to them.