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The bus station Ruten


 is a city and municipality in Rogalandmarker county, Norwaymarker. It is part of the region of Jæren.


History

Sandnes was separated from Høyland as a municipality of its own in 1860, and gained city status the same year. On 1 January 1965, the rural municipalities of Høyland and Hølemarker, as well as parts of Hetland, were merged with Sandnes.

Name

The city is named after an old farm ("Sandnæs" 1723), since the city was built on its ground. The first element is sand which means "sand" or "sandy beach", the last element is nes which means "headland".

Coat-of-arms

The coat-of-arms was granted on 21 April 1972. The arms show a piece of pottery, as pottery was one of the main industries in the late 18th century. The symbol is a leirgauk, which in English would be a ceramic cuckoo-bird (leir(e)= clay/ceramic and gauk/gjök = cuckoo-bird). The ceramic Sandnes-cuckoo ( ) is an ocarina or simple flute which was made by the potteries in Sandnes and used to advertise their products. Later it also became a nickname for people from Sandnes.

Geography

The city of Sandnes is located about south of Stavangermarker, and these two cities have expanded so as to form a conurbation. The municipality of Solamarker is located to the west, Kleppmarker and Timemarker to the south, and Gjesdalmarker and Forsandmarker to the east. The fjord Gandsfjordenmarker is situated north-south and ends in the centre of Sandnes. The international airport of Stavanger is situated in Sola.

Sandnes's districts are Lura, Trones, Stangeland, Soma, Malmheim, Sandved, Ganddal, Figgjo, Austrått, Sviland, Hana (includes Aspervika and Dale), Høle, Riska.

The landscape of the Stavanger and Sandnes region is quite flat. On the long west coast there are several beaches and further inland the land is raised to form low plains with some small peaks rising up to above sea level. From Stavanger and Sandnes it is approximately one hour by car to alpine and skiing resorts. In Sandnes there are some easily accessible small mountain peaks, such as dalsnuten and Dale, with a view over the Sandnes/Stavanger area. The renowned Lysefjordmarker is also easily accessible by car or boat.

Distance to some cities



Economy

Sandnes hosts a large array of retail shops of most kinds and is used by the neighbouring municipalities appreciating the service and wide range of selections. Sandnes is known as Norway's bicycle city, mainly due to the fact that the bicycle manufacturer Øglænd DBS was situated here for decades. The city offers a variety of routes for everyday riders and tourists. Since 1996 a public bicycle rental programme has been in operation in the city.

The city holds a vibrant industry mainly in the Ganddal area in the south and the Lura and Forus area in the north towards the Stavanger boundary. There is a significant activity towards the oil exploration in the North Seamarker and also some IT related companies. In this suburban region between Stavanger and Sandnes malls and department stores have also been established. Among these malls is one of Norway's biggest malls, Kvadratmarker meaning "square" (although it is not square shaped anymore as it has expanded several times since it opened in 1984).

Around 30% are employed in Stavanger (Q4 2004).

Sandnes was formerly known as the pottery town of Norway - due to the important ceramics industry based on the extensive occurrence of clay in the surroundings.

Culture

The primary football team (Sandnes Ulf) is currently competing in the highest division of Norwegian professional football, Tippeligaen.

Sandnes is the only city in Norway which is a member of the World Health Organisation’s network of Healthy Cities.

Sandnes is the home of professional poker player Annette Obrestad, who was born in Stavanger, just 9.3 miles away. Annette became the youngest ever winner of a WSOP bracelet when winning the Betfair World Series of Poker Europe title in September 2007 at the age of 18.

Sandnes and its neighbor city Stavanger has been chosen along with Liverpoolmarker, United Kingdommarker, to be a European Capital of Culture for 2008.

Thomas Dybdahl, famous Norwegian singer/songwriter is from Sandnes.

The winner of Norwegian Idol 2004 was Kjartan Salvesen from Sandnes, whose first album sold 40.000 copies in Norway (double platinum).

See also



References



External links




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