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Sante I Bentivoglio (1426 - 1462) was an Italian nobleman who ruled as tyrant of Bolognamarker from 1445 to 1462.

Alleged to be a natural son of Ercole Bentivoglio, Sante was a cousin of Annibale I Bentivoglio. He was aducated at Florencemarker in the court of Cosimo de' Medici the Elder. When Annibale was killed in an ambuscade by the rival family of the Canteoli, Sante succeeded him in the rule of Bologna with the title of gonfaloniere di giustizia. He was also named as tutor of Annibale's son Giovanni II.

In 1454 he married Ginevra Sforza, then fourteen-years old, the daughter of Alessandro Sforza, lord of Pesaromarker. The two had two daughters: Costanza (1458-1491), who married to Antonmaria Pico della Mirandola, and Ercole (1459-1505), a condottiero. In 1460 Sante started building a palace, which was destroyed in 1507 after the Bentivoglio were ousted from Bologna. He obtained from the popes autonomy of government over the city and established a communal senate including local nobles and Papal representants.

He allied with the Republic of Venicemarker, the House of Sforza and the house of Medici. He died in Bologna in 1462 due to illness, being succeeded by Giovanni Bentivoglio, who later remarried Ginevra.

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