Scalloway (Old Norse:Skalavagr - "bay with house")
is the largest settlement on the North Atlantic coast of Mainland, Shetland with a population of approximately 812, at the 2001
census. Until 1708 it was the capital of the Shetland
Islands (now Lerwick, on the east
coast of the Shetland Mainland).
Scalloway is also the location of the North Atlantic Fisheries
which offers numerous courses and supports several
research programmes in fisheries sciences, aquaculture,marine
engineering and coastal management etc.
Islands, which derive their name from the
1600 by Earl Patrick Stewart,
the remains of Scalloway
Castle is the most notable feature of the village.
Scalloway Castle is located near the quay (the castle is usually
locked, however a key can be borrowed from the nearby Scalloway
Norwegian boatbuilders from the Bergen area,
(Os and Tysnes), built
Yoals, which were then taken apart and 'flat
packed' for shipping to Scalloway, from about the 16th
Instead of sending complicated assembly
instructions, they sent boatbuilders to re-build them. Many of
those stayed for years in Shetland, and some married there.
Hanseatic merchants from Bremen and Hamburg, Scalloway
was known as Schaldewage and as a good sheltered harbour
on the route to Hillswick.
Barbara Tulloch and her daughter Ellen - the last witches to be
burned in Shetland - were executed on Gallow
, overlooking the village.
During World War II, Scalloway was the home base and housed for
some time the headquarter of The
, part of the Norwegian resistance against
Nazi-Germany. The Norway House
and the Prince Olav
Pier / slipway
, which formed major parts of the base are still
existing. Details about the history of The Shetland Bus
are on display at the
. Shetland author
Willie Smith discusses this period extensively in his memoir.
Notable Scalloway authors are the prolific James R. Nicolson
and the photographer/writer
After the war Scalloway served as harbour of the Shetland-Orkney
ferry service (mv Orcadia on the Scalloway - Stromness
After the opening of the Schiehallion Oil Field
west coast of Shetland, Scalloway took over some functions as a
service base for the oil business.