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Schofield Barracks is a United States Army installation and census-designated place (CDP) located in the City and County of Honolulumarker and in the Wahiawa District of the island of O ahumarker, Hawai imarker, United Statesmarker. Schofield Barracks lies adjacent to the town of Wahiawāmarker, separated from most of it by Lake Wilson (also known as Wahiawā Reservoir). Schofield Barracks is named after Lieutenant General John McAllister Schofield. He was sent to Hawai i in 1872 and recommended the establishment of a naval base at Pearl Harbormarker.

Schofield Barracks occupies some on Central O ahu. The base was established in 1908 to provide mobile defense of Pearl Harbor and the entire island. It has been the home of the 25th Infantry Division, known as the Tropic Lightning Division, since 1941 as well as the Command Headquarters for United States Army Hawaii (USARHAW). Schofield Barracks is also home to the 8th Theater Sustainment Command. The population was 14,428 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Schofield Barracks is located at (21.497650, -158.063248) . The Main Gate used to be off Wilikina Drive; However, now only the Foote and Lyman gates located along Kunia Road are used for controlled access. Proceeding north on Wilikina Road (State Rte. 99) leads to intersections with Kaukonahua Road (State Rte. 801) to Waialuamarker and Kamehameha Highway (State Rte. 99) to Hale iwamarker. East on Wilikina leads to Interstate H-2 and Kamehameha Highway (State Rte.s 80 and 99) to Wahiawāmarker and Mililani Townmarker. Proceeding south on Kunia Road (State Route 750) past Schofield leads to the Kunia Gate on Wheelermarker, Kuniamarker, and eventually Waipahumarker.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the base has a total area of 2.8 square miles (7.1 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 14,428 people, 2,965 households, and 2,902 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 5,251.5 people per square mile (2,025.7/km²). There were 3,733 housing units at an average density of 1,358.7/sq mi (524.1/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 56.40% White, 21.86% African American, 1.10% Native American, 3.87% Asian, 1.65% Pacific Islander, 8.64% from other races, and 6.49% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 16.20% of the population.

There were 2,965 households out of which 78.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 91.5% were married couples living together, 4.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 2.1% were non-families. 2.0% of all households were made up of individuals and none had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.55 and the average family size was 3.58.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 32.1% under the age of 18, 29.8% from 18 to 24, 36.6% from 25 to 44, 1.4% from 45 to 64, and 0.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 152.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 183.6 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $33,788, and the median income for a family was $32,970. Males had a median income of $21,112 versus $18,737 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $12,316. About 6.7% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.5% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.

Post Areas

Main Post

The Main Post area consists of numerous Quadrangle-style barracks and unit command structures, most of which have a letter designation. B and C Quads are the oldest having been constructed in the 1920s, with D, E, and F quads being built later. Additionally on main post are the PX (post exchange), the Commisary, the "Aloha Building", the Library, Bowling Alley, and Uniform Clothing Store. Several sets of barracks have recently been constructed (the first set completed in 2000) adhering to a more stylish apartment type setup. Additionally the Nehelani Club, Old Nehelani Club and Conroy Bowl.

Housing Areas

Much of the housing on-post has been renovated or rebuilt now that the housing has been privatized. The Enlisted housing area lies to the west of Main Post, while the Officers housing lies to the north along Wilikina Dr.

Area X

Area X and its environs constitute the bulk of the training areas on Schofield Barracks. Large open areas allow for air assault operations to take off and land. Covered concrete pads can provide shelter for units training in the area who do not wish to deal with sleeping in the field. The range control office as well as numerous semi-automated and other firing ranges occupy this area as well.

West Post Training Area

The MOUT site , Land Navigation Course and designated training areas are laid out in this area to the west of Main post and the Enlisted Housing area. Typically, the bulk of the EIB train up and testing are done in this area.

Kolekole Pass

Kolekole road, which passes through the Enlisted Housing Area and West Post Training Area leads up to a saddle named Kolekole pass which constitutes allows vehicle traffic to flow between Schofield Barracks and Laulaulei Naval Magazine as well as being an intermediate destination for Physical Training runs by Soldiers stationed on Schofield Barracks.

Cultural references

Schofield Barracks was the principal setting for the novel From Here to Eternity by James Jones.

It and the surrounding area was also used for CBS's Tour of Duty .

References



External links




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