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Schuylkill County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvaniamarker where the Schuylkill River starts. It is located in the heart of the anthracite Coal Region of Pennsylvania. Schuylkill County was created on March 1, 1811, from parts of Berksmarker and Northamptonmarker Counties and named for the Schuylkill River. As of 2000, the population was 150,336. Pottsvillemarker is the county seat.

Railroad history

The Reading and Pennsylvania railroad: In the early 1800s southern Schuylkill County was served by the Union Canal out of Pine Grove with connections west, and the Schuylkill Canalmarker southward from Port Carbonmarker. To the north, Broad Mountain was a natural barrier to navigation. Other means would be required to transport coal out of the rich basin of the Mahanoy Valley. Numerous railroads were begun north of the headwaters of the Schuylkill Canal.

Through the 1830s and 40s, short railroads sprouted up at numerous areas in the county. Of prime importance was the Mine Hill and Schuylkill Havenmarker, which served the Schuylkill Canal. Chartered in 1831, tracks were laid from the "flats" in Schuylkill Haven along the river through Cressonamarker and Minersvillemarker to Tremontmarker. The railroad eventually reached Ashlandmarker and Locust Gapmarker via the Gordon Planes.

Construction beginning in 1829, the Little Schuylkill Railroad ran from Port Clintonmarker northward to Mahanoy Junction above Tamaquamarker. It would become the keystone of the Pennsylvania and Reading system, serving as a gauntlet for its eastern and western branches. Connecting with it were four important lines. The 146 mile (235 km) Catawissa Railroad operated from Mahanoy Junction to West Milton, providing access to the Mahanoy region by joining the northern terminus of the Little Schuylkill with connections to New Yorkmarker and Scrantonmarker. At Port Clinton, it connected with the P&R's main line from Mount Carbonmarker. Its most important connection would be with the Mahanoy and Broad Mountain Railway via Mahanoy Tunnel and East Mahanoy Railroad.

There was once over 1,000 miles (1600 km) of railroad track in Schuylkill County.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 783 square miles (2,027 km²), of which, 778 square miles (2,016 km²) of it is land and 4 square miles (11 km²) of it (0.54%) is water.

The Schuylkill River headwaters are found in the county, starting in the Appalachian Mountainsmarker, and flows through many towns and the city of Reading, Pennsylvaniamarker to Philadelphiamarker where it flows into the Delaware River. The Schuylkill drains the majority of the county while some western and northern areas of the county are drained by the Susquehanna River. The Swatara Creek, Wiconisco Creek, Mahantango Creek, Mahanoy Creek, and Catawissa Creek all start in Schuylkill County and are tributaries of the Susquehanna. Small areas of the eastern portion of the county drain into the Lehigh River via the Quakake Creek, Nesquehoning Creek, Mahoning Creek, and Lizard Creek, all of which also start in the county. To the south, southern Schuylkill county is home to Blue Mountain and the Appalachian Trail. Broad Mountain crosses the county from northeast to southwest.

Adjacent counties



Notable natives and residents





  • Character actress Ellen Albertini Dow, born in Mt. Carmel, most notably known for being the "rapping granny" in "The Wedding Singer." She gave other notable appearances in "Will & Grace," "The Golden Girls," "Wedding Crashers," and the "Sister Act" films.


  • Gary Becker, 1930–, American economist. A professor at the Univ. of Chicago, he was awarded the 1992 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for extending the scope of microeconomic analysis. Sociology, demography, criminology, and other areas of market and nonmarket behavior are included in his work. (born December 2, 1930, Pottsville)


  • Shenandoah, Pennsylvaniamarker born, Francis Brennan (7 May 1894 – 2 July 1968) was a cardinal of the Catholic Church, Dean of the Sacra Rota Romana 1959-1968, and prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments 1968. Francis Brennan was the first American to receive an appointment to the Roman Curia, or church court, the highest honor in the Roman Catholic Church.


  • Walter Ciszek, a Roman-Catholic priest, best selling author, and GULAG survivor was born to a Polish-American family in Shenandoah, Pennsylvaniamarker. He is currently under investigation for possible Sainthood.


  • George Washington Deitzler, Born in Pine Grove, November 30, 1826. Moved to Kansas and became a prominent member of the Free-State Party, Kansas Territorial Speaker of the House of Representatives, Territorial Senator, and Mayor of Lawrence, Kansas. Most notably, he raised the 1st Kansas Volunteer Regiment and was appointed Colonel by Kansas Territorial Governor Charles Robinson. He went on to fight in several battles of the Civil War including Vickburg but is most famous for his leadership of the Kansas Militia in the Battle of Westportmarker. (Taken from Article by Christopher Alan Edwards, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, website: suvew.org/mollus)






  • General George Joulwan (retired), was Supreme Allied Commander, Europe, from 1993-97. General Joulwan was born in Pottsville.


  • The Molly Maguires, a clandestine society of Irish miners who engaged in a violent confrontation with Pennsylvania mining companies in the 19th century.


  • John O'Hara - a short story writer and best-selling novelist, brought Pottsville into the national spotlight through his "Gibbsville" stories, accounts of 1920s Pottsville socialites. O'Hara's single family home is located at 606 Mahantongo Street, Pottsville.


  • Darryl Ponicsan was born in Shenandoah, Pennsylvaniamarker. Mr. Ponicsan has written a number of novels, like 1973's, Andoshen, Pa, based on his hometown. Among his novels two were made into motion pictures (Cinderella Liberty and The Last Detail). Mr Ponicsan has also written or co-written many screenplays for Hollywood movies, including Vision Quest, Taps, Nuts and Random Hearts. Mr. Ponicsan has been nominated for a number of awards, such as the Golden Globe and the Writer's Guild Award.






Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 150,336 people, 60,530 households, and 40,131 families residing in the county. The population density was 193 people per square mile (75/km²). There were 67,806 housing units at an average density of 87 per square mile (34/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.62% White, 2.09% African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, and 0.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.11% of the population. 29.0% were of German, 14.1% Irish, 9.7% Polish, 7.5% Italian, 5.6% Americanmarker and 5.1% Lithuanian ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.7% spoke English and 1.2% Spanish as their first language.

There were 60,530 households out of which 26.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.40% were married couples living together, 10.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.70% were non-families. 29.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county, the population was spread out with 20.90% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 28.30% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 19.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 99.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.20 males.

Schuylkill County is one of the most heavily Lithuanian parts of the United States. New Philadelphiamarker, West Mahanoymarker, Shenandoahmarker, and Girardvillemarker have the highest proportions of Lithuanian Americans of all places in the country. Also in Schuylkill County (as well as its neighbor to the north, Luzerne Countymarker) are Tyroleans, whose ancestors immigrated from the Tirolmarker in northern Italy (at that time in Austria). Although they bore Italian surnames, the ancestors of the Tyroleans, who immigrated to the Coal Region in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, spoke German as their native language. The Tirolesi Alpini organization in Hazletonmarker continues to preserve and promote Tyrolean culture. Irish Americans and Polish Americans are also predominant. The southern and western portions of Schuylkill County are predominantly Pennsylvania Dutch. This area, which includes the boroughs of Tremontmarker, Schuylkill Havenmarker, Cressonamarker, Tower Citymarker, and Pine Grove, cannot really be considered the coal regions, as agriculture was the prevalent occupation.

Politics and government

, there are 94,110 registered voters in Schuylkill County.




While the Republican Party has been historically dominant in Schuylkill County politics, Democrats became dominant at the county level after the 2007 elections. John McCain received 53.6% of the vote to 44.9% for Barack Obama in November 2008. In the state row offices of the same election, each statewide winner carried the county. In 2006 Democrat Tim Seip won the heavily Republican 125th House district and Bob Casey Jr. carried Schuylkill when he unseated incumbent Republican US Senator Rick Santorum. Former State Representative Dave Argall won the special election of March 3 to succeed the late State Senator Jim Rhoades and was sworn in on March 17. Jerry Knowles won the special election for Argall's seat in the 124th House district on May 19.

Commissioners

  • Mantura Gallagher, Chair, Democrat
  • Francis McAndrew, Democrat
  • Frank Staudenmeier, Republican


Other county officials

  • Clerk of Courts, Stephen Lukach, Democrat
  • Controller, Melinda Kantner, Democrat
  • Coroner, Joseph Lipsett, Democrat
  • District Attorney, James P. Goodman, Democrat
  • Prothonotary, Peter J. "PJ" Symons Jr., Democrat
  • Recorder of Deeds, A. Matthew Dudish, Republican
  • Register of Wills, Michael M. McCord, Democrat
  • Sheriff, Joseph Groody, Democrat
  • Treasurer, Jacqueline McGovern, Republican


State Representatives



State Senator



US Representative



Municipalities

Farming near Klingerstown, Pennsylvania.
Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following cities, boroughs and townships are located in Schuylkill County:

Cities



Boroughs

Map of Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania with Municipal Labels showing Cities and Boroughs (red), Townships (white), and Census-designated places (blue).

Townships



Census-designated places

Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.


Education

Colleges and Universities



Public School Districts

Map of Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania Public School Districts


See also



References



External links




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