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The Scottish Court Service is an executive agency of the Scottish Government responsible for the administration the of the Court system in Scotlandmarker. The Service was created in 1995 by the Scottish Office.

In common with the Scottish Prison Service in the Scottish justice system this at arm's length approach is adopted to prevent direct ministerial involvement in the administration of justice. Scotland's prosecution service the Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service is headed by the Lord Advocate is who is a member of the Scottish Government but not an elected Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP).

The Service is also responsible for the administration of the Office of the Public Guardian (OPG) based in Falkirk.

The Criminal Proceedings etc. Act 2007 will result in the unification of the Supreme, Sheriff and District courts. The Scottish Court Service will be responsible for the administration of the unified court structure. It is anticipated that the transfer of district court functions (currently the responsibility of local government) will take place on a regional basis over a period of several years.

Another consequence of the Act will be the introduction of Fines Enforcement Officers. With effect from 10 March 2008 they will bring a more proactive approach to fines enforcement. A total of 31 members of staff will have responsibility for making sure that fines are paid on time and if offenders fall into arrears with payment the those staff will use a variety of means to secure payment. Special measures that may be used will include deductions from state benefits; arrestment of wages and/or funds contained in bank accounts and seizure (and subsequent sale) of vehicles. In cases where it becomes apparent that the offender genuinely cannot pay they will be provided with contact details for other Agencies that will be able to provide guidance and help in organising the offender's finances.

Leadership and administration

The Service is headed by a Chief Executive and a management board who take day to day responsibility for the running of the Service. The management board are accountable to the Cabinet Secretary for Justice and the Justice Committee of the Scottish Parliamentmarker.

The Service employs over 1000 staff members in Scotland's 49 Sheriff Courts, the Court of Sessionmarker and the High Court of Justiciarymarker, and at the Service's HQ in Edinburghmarker.

The Service's main responsibility is to support the Scottish Judiciary. The Judiciary consists of the Senators of the College of Justice (incorporating the Court of Sessionmarker and the High Court of Justiciarymarker) and several hundred sheriff and sheriffs principal who are spread throughout the country.

Court staff deal with a wide range of different cases, from a murder trial in the High Court to a divorce case in the Sheriff Court.

The Scottish Court Service is to assume responsibility for the Justice of the Peace Courts when they are established from 2008. The JP Courts replace District Courts.

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