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Scunthorpe is a town within North Lincolnshiremarker, Englandmarker. It is the administrative centre of the North Lincolnshire unitary authority, and has an estimated total resident population of 72,514. A predominantly industrial town, Scunthorpe, the United Kingdommarker's largest steel processing centre, is also known as the 'Industrial Garden Town'. It is the third largest settlement in Lincolnshire after Grimsbymarker and Lincolnmarker.

History

Etymology

Old Crosby
The town appears in the Domesday Book (1086) as Escumetorp, which is Old Norse for "Skuma's homestead", a site which is believed to be in the town centre close to where the present-day Market Hill is located.
Old Brumby Street


Geology

Scunthorpe was close to the epicentre of one of the largest earthquakes experienced in the British Islesmarker on 27 February 2008. Significant shocks were felt in Scunthorpe and the surrounding North Lincolnshire area. The main 10-second quake, which struck at 0056 GMT at a depth of 15.4 km (9.6 miles), was the biggest recorded example since one with a magnitude of 5.4 struck north Wales in 1984.


was made up of 5 small villages. These were Scunthorpe, Frodingham, Crosby, Brumby and Ashby. They later joined up to make Scunthorpe as we know today. The town itself lies on a rich bed of iron ore and limestone - crucial in the manufacturing of steel. In 1981 it was decided to close all the local mines and quarries and outsource the iron ore from abroad. The local ore being around 20% iron and the foreign ore being 60-70% iron. At the same time, British Steel closed all its other mining operations around the UK.There are still many millions of tonnes of proven reserves of ore in Scunthorpe but it is cheaper to use imports for the time being.

Industrial history

Scunthorpe Steelworks
Ironstone was mined in the area as early as the Roman occupation , but the deposits lay forgotten until the 19th century. The rediscovery of iron ore in 1859 by Rowland Winn on the land of his father, Charles, resulted in the development of an iron and steel industry and rapid population growth.

ore was first mined in the Scunthorpe area in July 1860. Owing to the lack of a mainline railway the ore was transferred to a wharf at Gunnessmarker (or Gunhouse), initially by cart then by a narrow gauge railway, for distribution by barge or mainline rail from Keadbymarker. Winn knew that the best way of exploiting the iron ore fields was for a rail link to be built from Keadby to Barnetbymarker. He campaigned tirelessly for the link; construction work started in mid-1860 and was complete in 1864. He persuaded the Dawes brothers, to whose ironworks the ore was being supplied, to build an ironworks at the site of the iron ore fields at Scunthorpe. Construction of Scunthorpe's first ironworks, the Trent Ironworks, began in 1862, with the first cast from the blast furnace being tapped on 26 March 1864.
Houses built for the steelworkers
Other ironworks followed: building of the Frodingham Ironworks began in 1864; North Lincoln Ironworks in 1866; Redbourn Hill Iron & Coal Company in 1872; Appleby Ironworks blew in their first blast furnace in 1876; and the last constructed being John Lysaght's Iron and Steelworks in 1911, with production starting in 1912. Crude steel had been produced at Frodingham Ironworks in 1887 but this proved not to be viable. Maxmilian Mannaburg came to Frodingham Ironworks in 1889 to help build and run the steelmaking plant and on the night of 21 March 1890 the first steel was tapped.

Rowland Winn is remembered in the town by three street names: Rowland Road, Winn Street and Oswald Road. He assumed the title Lord St Oswald in 1885. Nostell Road was also named after the family seat Nostell Priory.

The Flixborough disastermarker in June 1974 damaged local buildings.

Governance


Scunthorpe within Humberside
1974-1996
North Lincolnshire Council buildings
forms an unparished area in the borough and unitary authority of North Lincolnshiremarker. The town forms six of the borough's seventeen wards, namely Ashby, Brumby, Crosby & Park, Frodingham, Kingsway with Lincoln Gardens and Town. The Scunthorpe wards elect 16 of the borough's 43 councillors. As of 2008, all are members of the Labour party. The councillors form the Charter Trustees of the Town of Scunthorpe and they continue to elect a town mayor.

North Lincolnshire Council is based in Pittwood House off Ashby Road (former A159) next to Festival Gardens. It opened in 1963 as the Civic Centre, and was the home of Scunthorpe Borough Council until 1996. It was named after Edwin Pittwood, a local Labour politician, who worked in the opencast ironstone workings near Normanby Park. There are also offices at Church Square House near the Scunthorpe Market.

Civic history

Historically part of Lincolnshiremarker, in 1889 the area was included in the Lincolnshire, Parts of Lindsey administrative county. Separate local government began in 1890 when the Scunthorpe local board of health was formed. In 1894 the local board was replaced with an urban district council. Ten years later the neighbouring townships of Brumby and Frodingham (including Crosby) were also constituted an urban district. The two urban districts were amalgamated, along with the parish of Ashby in 1919 to form a new Scunthorpe urban district. Scunthorpe received a charter incorporating the town as a municipal borough in 1936.

St Lawrence's Church
authority boundary changes brought the town into the new county of Humberside in 1974, and a new non-metropolitan district, the Borough of Scunthorpe was formed with the same boundaries as the old municipal borough. The opening of the Humber Bridge on 24 June 1981 provided a permanent link between North and South Humberside but did not secure Humberside's future. To the relief of its many detractors, the county of Humberside (and Humberside County Council) was abolished on 1 April 1996 and succeeded by four unitary authorities.

The previous Humberside districts of Glanfordmarker and Scunthorpe, and that part of Boothferrymarker district south of the northern boundaries of the parishes of Crowlemarker, Eastoftmarker, Luddington, Haldenby and Amcottsmarker, now compose the unitary authority of North Lincolnshiremarker. On amalgamation charter trustees were formed for Scunthorpe, and they continue to elect a town mayor.

Coat of arms

When Scunthorpe was incorporated as a borough in 1936, it also received a grant of a coat of arms from the College of Armsmarker. These arms were transferred to the new borough council formed in 1974, and are now used by the town's charter trustees.

The green shield and golden wheatsheaf recall that the area was until recently agricultural in nature. Across the centre of the shield is a length of chain. This refers to the five villages of Crosby, Scunthorpe, Frodingham, Brumby & Ashby linking together as one. At the top of the shield are two fossils of the species gryphoea incurva. These remains of oysters, known as the "devil's toenails", were found in the rock strata from which ironstone was quarried.The crest, on top of the helm, shows a blast furnace. This is also referred to in the Latin motto: "Refulget labores nostros coelo" or "The heavens reflect our labours" popularly attributed to the glow observed in the night sky from the steelmaking activities.

Geography

Central Park
lies on an escarpment of ridged land (Lincoln Cliff) which slopes down towards the Trent. The surrounding environs are largely low lying hills and plains. Although the town itself is heavily industrial it is surrounded by fertile farmland and wooded areas. In terms of general location it lies a mile east of the river Trent, 8 miles south of the river Humbermarker, 15 miles west of the Lincolnshire Woldsmarker and 25 miles north of Lincolnmarker

Woodlands Crematorium
town is situated at the terminus of the M181, 38 miles from Sheffieldmarker.Nearby towns and cities are Hullmarker (18 miles northeast), Doncastermarker (20 miles west) and Grimsbymarker (22 miles east).From its position at the heart of North Lincolnshiremarker it is roughly 5 miles south/south-east to Lincolnshiremarker proper, 10 miles west to South Yorkshiremarker, 8 miles north by northwest to the East Riding of Yorkshire and 15 miles east to North East Lincolnshiremarker

Climate

Like most of the United Kingdom, Scunthorpe has an oceanic climate.

Economy

Industry

The steel industry is still the major employer in the area and the largest operator within it is the Indian-owned firm Corus. However the industry has shrunk in recent years, following the closure of the Normanby Park works (also known as Lysaght's) and the huge Redbourn complex in the early 1980s; the number employed in the industry fell from 27,000 at its height to around 4,500 (not including outside contractors, such as Hanson plc) today.
The Honest Lawyer
]]Despite this it is still the major integrated steel works in Britain. There is also a lime works nearby, involved in the production of steel. The cooling towers can be seen close to Brigg Road (A1029). Parts of the plant include the continuous casting plant and the blast furnace and rod mill. Limestone is provided by Singleton Birch at the nearby quarry in Melton Ross. Limestone is used as a flux for the blast furnace, which produces calcium silicate. Corus at Scunthorpe has four blast furnaces. These blast furnaces have got names instead of numbers and are the only known blast furnaces to have names. The blast furnaces are named after four famous monarches and are nicknamed the 'four queens'. The names of the four blast furnaces are Mary, Bess, Anne and Victoria.
The Old Farmhouse


Scunthorpe Mill, now San Pietro restaurant
industries in the town include those associated with the steelworks such as engineering, along with food production, distribution and retailing - most of these now employing a large Polish and Slovak workforce. BOC have a plant justnorth of the town next to the A1029. Near to BOC is the well established waste management firm, Bell Waste Control, who service the majority of industry in Scunthorpe and the surrounding areas. On the Foxhills Industrial Park, north of the A1077 northern bypass, are many distribution companies, notably a large building owned by the Nisa Today co-operative type mutual organization which has its UK headquarters there. 2 Sisters have a large chicken processing plant in the town. Key Country Foods produces meat products on an industrial scale. ColepCCL manufactures aerosols for a variety of products. The Sauce Company produces sauces, soups and other foodstuffs for the catering and supermarket sectors. Ericsson produces printed circuit boards for the telecommunications industry. There are a number of other firms, mostly involved in manufacturing and light engineering.
The Light Nightclub
The town has struggled to develop after the downsizing of traditional heavy industry in the 1980s and 1990s, and while the town was made a priority development area in that period no multinationals or blue chips have moved in to fill the gap - as a consequence the local labour force is mainly compromised of semi-skilled and unskilled labour. In the 2001 census 19.3% of the working age population were economically inactive

According to the Environment Agency in the year 2000, Scunthorpe was home to one of the biggest polluting businesses in the United Kingdom, Corus, whose sites in the town and at Llanwernmarker and Port Talbotmarker produced more dioxins than the next 15 biggest polluters.

The environmental charity Greenpeace also listed the town as a PVC toxic hotspot

Retail

The High Street
has two major shopping centres: the covered Foundry Shopping Centre and the part-covered Parishes Centre. The former was constructed in the late 1960s/early 1970s during a wholesale reconstruction of the old town; the latter was constructed in the early part of this decade on the site of the town's old bus station. There are also many well known retailers on the High Street.
Jubilee Way


However the size of the retail units reflects the size of the area's population and with larger shopping facilities within reasonable travelling distance in Grimsbymarker, Hullmarker, Doncastermarker, Lincolnmarker, Leedsmarker and at Meadowhallmarker, Sheffieldmarker many locals often travel to these towns for major purchases.

Morrisons, Lakeside
the big food retailers are represented in the area; There is a Tesco Extra opposite the football ground, while Sainsbury'smarker (formerly a Safeway) have their store on the site of the old football ground. Morrisons have a store at the bottom of Mortal Ash Hill (known locally as "Motlash") (A18 road) at the Lakeside Retail Park, on the eastern entrance to the town while Asda have a store on Burringham Road

Entertainment

The site of the Baths Hallmarker stands in the centre of the town on Doncaster Road. It is an entertainment centre that hosts live music, comedy and award ceremonies. It is presently undergoing a multi-million pound regeneration by the local council. Scunthorpe has many pubs and bars, and there are also several clubs. Scunthorpe also has a multiplex cinema, leisure centre, museum, galleries, and craft centres.

Transport

Scunthorpe Bus Station
Scunthorpe railway stationmarker lies on the Sheffield to Hull Line with trains to Doncastermarker, and the South TransPennine Line which has trains from Manchester Airportmarker to Cleethorpesmarker. The town lies five miles north of the M180. Before this motorway was opened in 1979, it took all the east-west goods traffic on the A18 to Grimsbymarker. Humberside Airportmarker is a short drive to the east along the M180. The town's bus station is off Fenton Street. The bus station is predominantly used by Stagecoach In Lincolnshire, that operate services within and out of the town, followed by Hornsby Travel.

Culture

The North Lincolnshire Museum
North Lincolnshire Museum is on Oswald Road, near the railway stationmarker. St John the Evangelist's church (built in 1891 by Lord St Oswald) in Church Square is now the 20-21 Visual Arts Centre. The Plowright Theatre, named after Joan Plowright, is on Laneham Street (off the west end of the High Street). It was built in 1958 as Scunthorpe Civic Theatre.

Media

Radio

  • Lincs FM broadcasts on 97.6 FM from Trent View Flats;
  • Viking FM broadcasts on 96.9 FM from Kingston upon Hullmarker, having some of its coverage given to North Lincolnshire, which includes Scunthorpe;
  • BBC Radio Humberside is broadcast on 95.9 FM from Kingston upon Hull, with its coverage given to the old county of Humberside, now including the East Riding of Yorkshire and all of North & North East Lincolnshire. Coverage often includes broadcasts of local football team Scunthorpe United;
  • BBC Radio Lincolnshire broadcast from Lincoln, its coverage covering the entire current county of Lincolnshire.


Regional news programmes

St Hugh's Church
  • BBC Look North broadcast by the BBC from Queen's Gardens in Kingston upon Hull with news offices in Grimsby, covering the East Riding of Yorkshire and North & North East Lincolnshire;
  • Calendar, broadcast by ITV Yorkshire from Leedsmarker, West Yorkshire with a local crew based in nearby Grimsby, covering all of the boroughs of Yorkshire and Lincolnshire.


Print

The local newspaper is the Scunthorpe Telegraph (formerly the Scunthorpe Evening Telegraph) with an online version called this is scunthorpe.co.uk. There is also a weekly freesheet, the Scunthorpe Target.

Education

Secondary schools

North Lincolnshire Library
secondary schools within North Lincolnshire are currently undergoing a rebuilding programme with an investment of £88 million under the governments Building Schools for the Future Programme BSF. The first of these school to benefit will be Brumby Engineering Collegemarker on Cemetery Road. FTC - specialising in performing arts, maths and computing on Foxhills Road is in the north of the town near Crosby and was the town's first specialist school. Originally a Technology College known as Foxhills Technology College, FTC became Scunthorpe's first Performing Arts College in 2007, adding specialisms in Maths and Computing in 2008 following Government designation as Scunthorpe's first High Performing Specialist School. Frederick Gough School; a specialist language college on Grange Lane South, is to the south of the town in Bottesfordmarker. Melior Community Collegemarker; this was formed by the merger of South Leys Business & Enterprise College on Enderby Road and Thomas Sumpter Comprehensive Schoolmarker which is on Chandos Road to the east of the town; and will be the site of the new school. St.Bede's Catholic School is a specialist mathematics and computing college, which is governed by the Roman Catholic Church. St Hugh's Communication and Interaction Specialist College, a school for students aged 11–19 with moderate to complex learning needs associated with physical and social problems. The former High Ridge Specialist Sports College on Doncaster Road became the town's first academy opening on the 1st September 2008. It is now known as The St Lawrence Academy; it still retains Sport as its specialism but it is now sponsored by the Church of England, The Most Rev. and Rt Hon. The Lord Archbishop of Canterbury Dr Rowan Williams officially opened the new school on 14 October 2008. The school is to be completely rebuilt by 2013.

The second stage of refurbishment is to begin in 2013 to include the seven remaining rural Secondary Schools.

Primary schools

Primary education is served by a number of primary schools and infant and junior schools such as Leys Farm Junior School on Park Avenue in Bottesford and Scunthorpe CE Primary School on Gurnell Street.

Study support

Scunthorpe currently has two study support centres, Study United FC and Study Heslam set up with funding from the government's Playing for Success scheme. These are based at Glanford Park, the home of Scunthorpe United Football Club and Heslam Park, home of Scunthorpe rugby & cricket clubs. Their website address is www.studyunited.org.uk.

Further education

North Lindsey College
John Leggott Sixth-Form College marker on West Common Lane, is among the top 10 sixth form colleges in the country. Close by, North Lindsey Collegemarker is on Kingsway (A18).

Law and order

The area is served by Humberside Police. According to the website upmystreet.com the area has crime rates higher than the national average, especially in the categories of violence against the person, sexual offences, burglary and theft of motor vehicles.

Sport

Football

town has a Football League club, Scunthorpe United (nicknamed 'The Iron') who play at Glanford Parkmarker. For most of its existence in the professional game (since only 1950) it has been in the basement league of the English game. At the end of the 2006/7 season they won promotion to the Football League Championship as champions of League One, amassing a total of 91 points, being promoted at home to Huddersfield: having been top since January: despite being outsiders for a considerable amount of that time, and being promoted with 3 games to spare. This being the first time they have played at this level for 44 years. This was to last just one season as the club were relegated on 12 April, 2008, with three games to spare, away to Crystal Palace. However, they returned to the Championship after one season, winning the League One playoffs in May 2009.

In the last financial year for which accounts are available (the year ending June 2009) the club made a loss of over £1,000,000 with turnover down by over 17%.

Kevin Keegan and Ray Clemence both played for Scunthorpe United F.C. in the early 1970s before being signed for Liverpool F.C.. Former England cricket captain Ian Botham played a number of games for the club, being a resident of nearby Epworthmarker at that time and in an attempt to keep fit during the winter months.

Local teams play in the Scunthorpe & District Football League.

Rugby

Scunthorpe RUFC play rugby union at Heslam Park, close to Brumby on Ashby Road. Scunthorpe Barbarians play rugby league also at Heslam Park.

Motorsports

Scunthorpe also has a speedway team known as the Scunthorpe Scorpions who compete in the British Premier League, the sport's second tier in Britain.The speedway team has been running since 2005 and won a grand slam of the Conference League trophies in both 2006 & 2007. It runs at the Eddie Wright Racewaymarker, which is a mile north of the town, on Normanby Road (B1430).



Athletics

Quibell Park Stadium
Appleby-Frodingham Athletic Club uses the 34 acre site near the Civic Centre for many types of sport. They have a clubhouse and also use Brumby Hall next-door. There is also the Scunthorpe and District Athletics Club. They train at Quibell Park Stadium, Scunthorpe's athletic track on Brumby Wood Lane named after David Quibell, the town's former Labour MP. Around the running track is a cycle track used by Polytechnic Cycle Club.

The leisure centre is on Carlton Street opposite the bus station via a footbridge. The Scunthorpe Anchor swimming club are based at the Riddings Pool on Enderby Road next to South Leys School in Yaddlethorpe.

Controversies

Spike Milligan

In 1981 the comedian and writer Spike Milligan published a book Spike Milligan, Indefinite Articles and Scunthorpe. The inclusion of the town's name in a comedy book caused much anger in the area to which Milligan replied, "We should like the people of Scunthorpe to know that the references to Scunthorpe are nothing personal. It is a joke, as is Scunthorpe"

Internet obscenity filters

In 1996 there was controversy when AOL's obscenity filter (among others) refused to accept the name of the town due to its inclusion of the substring cunt, which the filter rejected as obscene. Some online forums such as Ultimate Guitar forums (which has recently been resolved) display the name as S****horpe, while Fark.com would display it as Scoonthorpe. This situation is known in the computing world as the Scunthorpe problem and is still an issue to Scunthorpe-based internet users.

Scunthorpe MP Elliot Morley

Elliot Morley is the Labour Member of Parliament for Scunthorpemarker since 1987. In 2009 he was accused by the Daily Telegraph of continuing to claim parliamentary expenses for a mortgage that had already been repaid. This led to campaigning group Independents to Save Queen Mary's Hospital reporting him to City of Westminster police alleging fraud and theft.

Get Carter

The Mancunian writer Ted Lewis, who lived in nearby Barton-upon-Humbermarker, featured the town in some of his novels about low-life 1960s gangster Jack Carter. The most famous of these books, Jack's Return Home saw the main character return from London to his home-town of Scunthorpe to avenge his brother's death. The story itself was based on the background to the real-life murder of Newcastlemarker businessman Angus Sibbet in 1967, in what was known as the Fruit Machine Murder.

The film rights to this book were purchased by MGM who transferred the setting from Scunthorpe to Newcastle-upon-Tynemarker and released the film in 1971 as the cult British crime thriller Get Carter, starring Michael Caine in the eponymous lead role. However none of the production was shot in the area, being filmed entirely on location on Tynesidemarker.

Notable residents

In alphabetical order by surname.



Twinned municipalities



Musical links

  • The Toy Dolls covered Charlie Daniels Band's The Devil Went Down to Georgia with their 1997 recording "The Devil Went Down to Scunthorpe".
  • The town featured in a 1990 television advertising campaign for the a loyalty card called Premier Points in which the Gene Pitney song Twenty-four Hours from Tulsa was re-worked as Twenty-four Toasters from Scunthorpe
  • The Baths Hallmarker in Doncaster Road was a popular music venue, before it was closed because of the costs of bringing the building up to scratch, and dealing with industrial contamination on site. The Labour Party prevented the Baths from being demolished in 2007 and commenced a major rebuild of the venue, which has involved demolishing all but the facade of the building..
  • The Scunthorpe Co-operative Junior Choir from Scunthorpe won the title of BBC radio 3 Choir of the Year 2008 at the Grand Finals on 7 December 2008 at the Royal Festival Hallmarker, Londonmarker. The main choir is made up of 90 members aged between 9 and 19 years whilst also having 2 training choirs taking children as young as 3 years old. They have made several CDs, perform numerous concerts in the area and further afield, have been subject of documentaries and are internationally renowned as have travelled the world. [36425]


References

  1. Population Of - Scunthorpe
  2. BBC.co.uk: h2g2 - Scunthorpe guide entry
  3. Letting Agent - Scunthorpe profile
  4. Rowland Winn (1820-1893)
  5. The Humberside (Structural Change) Order 1995 (1995 No. 600 )
  6. Youngs, F.A., Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol. II, London 1991
  7. Letters Patent dated September 25, 1936
  8. The Local Authorities (Armorial Bearings) Order 1974 (1974 No.869)
  9. Scott-Giles, C.W., Civic Heraldry of England and Wales, 2nd edition, London, 1953
  10. http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=3&b=276824&c=DN17+1HD&d=13&e=4&g=392455&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&r=0&s=1233663649696&enc=1&dsFamilyId=1724
  11. Incinerator cancer threat revealed | Environment | The Guardian
  12. PVC industry | Greenpeace International
  13. http://www.multimap.com/clients/browse.cgi?client=asda_sf&f_id=44&origE=-0.66247238508067&origN=53.5687499614262&place=&db=&id=44&count=5&srec=0&icon=X&f_type=&george=&filter=pc%20!&rt=browse2&scale=10000
  14. This Is Scunthorpe.co.uk (Scunthorpe Telegraph)
  15. Crime Figures for Scunthorpe - UpMyStreet
  16. [1]
  17. http://www.scunthorpe-united.co.uk/page/News/0,,10442~1872740,00.html
  18. Scunthorpe RUFC
  19. Appleby-Frodingham Athletic Club
  20. Scunthorpe and District Athletics Club
  21. Quibell Park Stadium
  22. Scunthorpe Polytechnic
  23. leisure centre
  24. Riddings Pool
  25. 50 years of the Borough of Scunthorpe, Scunthorpe Evening Telegraph, October 15th, 1986
  26. Sue Mott, Taylor Made for Management, The Daily Telegraph, May 4, 2001
Approx. 90% of the baths hall has now been demolished. Only the early 1930s stylised reception area still stands.

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