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Sežana ( ) is a town and a municipality in the Karst region of western Sloveniamarker, near the border with Italymarker. According to the census of 2002, it has a population of 11,842, of which around 4,500 live in the town of Sežana and the rest in the neighbouring rural areas.

Sežana is located about 10 km from Triestemarker, Italy, and 80 km from Ljubljanamarker, the capital city of Slovenia. A major border crossing between Slovenia and Italy used to be located in the village of Fernetičimarker (Italian: Fernettimarker in Monrupinomarker comune), but border immigration and customs checks have been abolished since 21st of December 2007 when Slovenia joined the Schengen zone. The first main town in Italy is Villa Opicinamarker, which is also the first stop on the railway line on the Italian side.


see also Gorizia and Gradisca, Austrian Littoral, Julian March
Slavic tribes, ancestors of modern Slovenes, first settled the area in the late 6th century A.D. In the Middle Ages, the area belonged to the Duchy of Friuli and the Patriarchate of Aquileia, until it was conquered by the Counts of Gorizia in the 14th century. In 1500, it fell under the Habsburg dominion and it was included in the County of Gorizia and Gradisca.

Sežana remained a small and rather unsignificant village until mid 19th century, when the Austrian Southern Railway, connecting Viennamarker to Triestemarker, was built next to it. Sežana thus became connected to the major trafficks and soon emerged as the most important center on the Kras Plateau, together with Opčinemarker. After 1918, it was annexed to the Kingdom of Italy and included in the Province of Trieste. During the Fascist period, the population was subjected to a violent Italianization policy, and many locals joined the militant anti-fascist organization TIGR. During World War II, especially after 1943, the area was became a battlefield between the Partisan resistance and the Fascist and Nazi German forces. In May 1945, Sežana was liberated by the Yugoslav partisans. Between June 1945 and September 1947, it was administered by the Britishmarker and U.S. Army. In 1947, it became part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslaviamarker and in 1991 of independent Sloveniamarker.


Saint Martin parish church, Sežana
Many industrial enterprises are located in Sežana, including larger companies as well as many smaller enterprises. Sežana is also a center for the tourist industry. Its location between Ljubljanamarker, Triestemarker, and the Adriaticmarker coast and many important tourist sights in the vicinity, such as the world famous Lipicamarker studfarm, Postojna Cavemarker, Škocjan Cavesmarker, Vilenicamarker and the fortified village of Štanjelmarker, make Sežana an attractive tourist destination.

Sežana is also an important agricultural center.


Many things can also be seen in the city: there is a botanical park, a memorial room commemorating the poet Srečko Kosovel and a tourist trail from Sežana to Tomajmarker dedicated to the poet, and the Tabor nature trail. The Lipicamarker studfarm is also located in the municipality, as are several picturesque villages.

The Parish Church in the town is dedicated to Saint Martin and was built in 1878 on the site of an older church from the early 16th century, after it became an independent parish.

Famous natives and residents

Image:Sežana,starigrad.jpg|Old CastleImage:Sežana,botanični.jpg|Botanical park in SežanaImage:Lipica stud farm 4.JPG|Lipica stud farm

Twin cities


  1. Sežana Municipality site
  2. Slovenian Railways site
  3. Karst Cultural Heritage site
  4. Lipica Stud Farm site
  5. Sežana Parish site
  6. Sežana Municipality Committee for International Cooperation

External links

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