The Full Wiki

Sea of Marmara: Map


Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:

Map of the Sea of Marmara
The Sea of Marmara ( ), also known as the Sea of Marmora or the Marmara Sea, and in the context of classical antiquity as Propontis ( ), is the inland sea that connects the Black Seamarker to the Aegean Seamarker, thus separating Turkeymarker's Asian and European parts. The Bosphorusmarker strait connects it to the Black Sea and the Dardanellesmarker strait to the Aegean. The former also separates Istanbulmarker into its Asian and European sides. The Sea has an area of 11,350 km² (280 km x 80 km) with the greatest depth reaching 1,370 m.


The salinity of the sea averages about 22 parts per thousand, which is slightly greater than that of the Black Seamarker but only about two-thirds that of most oceans. However, the water is much more saline at the sea-bottom, averaging salinities of around 38 parts per thousand — similar to that of the Mediterranean Seamarker. This high-density saline water, like that of the Black Sea itself, does not migrate to the surface. Water from the Susurlukmarker, Bigamarker (Granicusmarker) and Gonenmarker Rivers also reduces the salinity of the sea, though with less influence than on the Black Sea. With little land in Thrace draining southward, almost all of these rivers flow from Anatoliamarker.

There are two major island groups known as the Prince'smarker and Marmaramarker islands (including Avşamarker and Paşalimanımarker).

The south coast of the sea is heavily indented, and includes the Gulf of Izmitmarker ( ), the Gulf of Gemlik ( ) and the Gulf of Erdek ( ).During a storm on December 29, 1999, the Russian oil tanker Volgoneft broke in two in the Sea of Marmara, and more than 1500 tonnes of oil were spilled into the water.

The North Anatolian fault, which has triggered many major earthquakes in recent years, such as the İzmit Earthquakemarker of 1999, runs under the sea.


The sea takes its name from the island of Marmara, which is rich in sources of marble, from the Greek μάρμαρον (marmaron), "marble".

The sea's ancient Greek name Propontis derives from pro (before) and pont- (sea), deriving from the fact that the Greeks sailed through it to reach the Black Seamarker. In Greek mythology, a storm on Propontis brought the Argonauts back to an island they had left, precipitating a battle where either Jason or Heracles killed King Cyzicus, who mistook them for his Pelasgian enemies.

Towns and cities

Towns and cities on the Marmara Sea coast include:

Istanbul Provincemarker














Balıkesir Provincemarker




Bursa Provincemarker




Çanakkale Provincemarker




Kocaeli Provincemarker






    İzmitmarker (Pr. Cap)



Tekirdağ Provincemarker

    Marmara Ereğlimarker


    Tekirdağmarker (Pr. Cap)

Yalova Provincemarker






    Yalovamarker (Pr. Cap)

See also


Image:Marmara sea.JPG|View of Marmara Sea from Istanbul (Kumkapi)Image:Yassiada 1.jpg|Sea of Marmara approaching YassıadaImage:Resim 093.jpg|View of the Marmara Sea from Yeşilköymarker


External links

Embed code:

Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address