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In most Christian theologies, the second coming of Christ is the return of Jesus from Heaven to Earth, an event expected to fulfill aspects of biblical Messianic prophecy, such as the general resurrection of the dead, the last judgment of the dead and the living and the full establishment of the Kingdom of God on earth (also called the Reign of God), including the Messianic Age. Views about the nature of this return vary among Christian denominations with some claiming it has already taken place.

The original Greek version of the New Testament (Novum Testamentum Graece) uses the term parousia (παρουσία from the Greek literal meaning of parousia: divine presence, derived from "para": beside, beyond, and "ousia": substance) the "appearance and subsequent presence with" (in the ancient world referring to official visits by royalty). Parousia is used in the Bible 24 times.

The Second Coming is also referred to as the Second Advent, from the Latin term "adventus", for "coming". The study of biblical last days comprise a body of theological knowledge called Christian eschatology.

Terminology

Christians use a range of names for this concept of Jesus Christ's second coming or return, drawing on a range of biblical images.

The phrase second coming is not used in the Bible. It comes from the life or incarnation of Jesus of Nazareth as being his first coming to earth. Some Christians refer to the second coming as the last coming because of scriptures referring to him as being the "first and the last", "the beginning and end", "the Alpha and Omega," and others do not define it by number, highlighting Christ's coming as an ongoing process.

Definitions

In Thayer's Lexicon, the Greek word parousia is defined in Strong's G3952:

The Bauer-Danker Lexicon:

The Catholic Encyclopedia article on General Judgment:

Jesus Christ, the Son of Man

 In the Bible, the synoptic Gospels contain several examples of Jesus referring to himself as the Son of Man or talking about the climactic role of the Son of Man coming (often in "his kingdom") and Jesus' own impending suffering and execution, and similar persecution of his disciples; the apocalyptic chapters set on the Mount of Olivesmarker called the Olivet discourse and "The Sheep and the Goats" or "Judgement of the Nations"; and again when he was on trial before the Jewish high priests; and the "Twelve thrones of judgment".


 refers to a "human one" who will come on the clouds in glory and in his kingdom and be given dominion to establish the kingdom of God on earth. This is presented as the eschaton and an end of the world:


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In the Gospel of John( ), Jesus also employs the image of the Son of Manwhen talking about the last day. Here it is linked with being raised up — the resurrection of the dead. A theme reinforced in where Martha describes Jesus' coming both in terms of resurrection and as an ongoing process, and in where Jesus says, "I will come again" so his disciples may live with him in his Father's house.

Timing

In the gospels Jesus often referred to the kingdom of God being right "at hand" and "these things" — including the Son of Man'scoming in his kingdom — occurring with immediacy to his listeners (i.e., immediately after the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 C.E.) This is referred to as abomination of desolationin .

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Both Matthew and Luke also include the statement:

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The Bauer-Danker Lexicon (since updated by Willian F. Arndt and F.Wilbur Gingrich) of Koine Greekstates that γενεά (genea) means "the sum total of those born at the same time, expanded to include all those living at a given time. Generation, contemporaries." Robinson's Greek & English Lexicon states that γενεά(genea) means: "The interval of time between father & son... from thirty to forty years those living in any one period; this present generation".

According to Dr. William L. Lane, author of the 2 volume Hebrews commentary in the Word Biblical seriesand the Mark commentary in the New International Commentary series:

The position associating the second comingwith first century eventssuch as the destruction of Jerusalem and of the Jewish Temple in A.D.70is known as Preterism.

Some such as Jeromeinterpret the phrase "this generation" to mean lifetime of the Jewish race; however, if Jesus meant "race" he would have used genos(race) not genea(generation). Others such as Hal Lindseysee it applying to a generation of future readers rather than the generation of people Jesus was addressing within the narrative. Origenand Chrysostomrefer it to all Christian believers.

In the epistles, it has been suggested that is a post-Paulineinsertion that serves as an apologetic correction to Paul's imminent expectation of the second coming in .

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Some Christian theologians (Preterists) see this "coming of the Son of Man in glory" primarily fulfilled in Jesus' death on the cross. During his ministry Jesus continually linked the Son of Mansayings with his own forthcoming suffering, death and resurrection, which can be understood symbolically as applying equally to the struggles of everyone — following the waydemonstrated for others in his spiritual journey. Some theologians purport that some or all of the prophecies laid out in the Olivet discourse are then fulfilled within the narrative of Jesus' passion, for example:

The need for disciples to keep alert and pray and stay awakeis demonstrated literally on the same mountain two nights later when Jesus interrupts his disciples' sleep to explicitly say, "The hour has come. Are you still sleeping and taking your rest? Enough! The hour has come; the Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners."The time frame of significant hours as spelled out in the apocalypse; "you do not know when the master of the house will come, in the evening, or at midnight, at cockcrow or at dawn" is mimicked in the passion narrative "when it was evening Jesus came," praying in the garden in the middle of the night, "at that moment the cock crowed for the second time" and "As soon as it was morning the chief priests ... bound Jesus and led him away."The apocalyptic signs are fulfilled including "the sun will be dark," the "powers ... will be shaken," and "then they will see".

They further claim that such an interpretation highlights the Christian claim that the glory and dominion of God is best seen in the suffering and sacrifice of Jesus crucified. "For the message about the cross is foolishness to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God."

Eastern Orthodox Churchtheologians believe the Son of Man'sglory is seen in the gift of the Holy Spiritto their church members and so does not refer to the second coming. They say this γενεά (generation or age) is the current unrestored age, distinct from the age to come; the age of restoration. "That is just the state that we are in now. Of this state the Lord said: 'There are some of those standing here who shall not taste of death till they see the kingdom of God come in power.' —Saint Seraphim of Sarov

Other theologians point to other biblical images that better match their idea of "coming on the clouds of the sky, with power and great glory", such as the transfigurationwitnessed by three of Jesus' disciples, which follows directly after the "there are some standing here..." verse in all three synoptic Gospels, or John of Patmos's heavenly visions described in the book of Revelation.

Others say they are unable to explain this verse in the light of what they see as a delay. C.S.Lewiscalled this "the most embarrassing verse in the Bible".

According to historian Charles Freeman, Early Christiansexpected Jesus to return within a generation of his death. When the second comingdid not occur, the early Christian communities were thrown into turmoil.

Other biblical images

Jesus' ascensionis linked to him coming again:

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The apocalyptic book of Revelationincludes images of the last judgment and the victory of the kingdom of God, including the Messianic Age, and ends with the prayer: "Come, Lord Jesus". See also Maranatha.

Unrealized eschatology

To other Christians, these verses highlight aspects of the eschaton that have not yet happened or not yet been fully realized. Drawing on the images from Acts, these Christians expect Jesus' coming to fulfill some or all of these criteria:

  1. Occur specifically at the Mount of Olives;
  2. On a cloud; descending through the sky—or, conversely, while being "lifted up" while disciples are looking up to the sky.


They may also expect Jesus to come only as or after some or all of these aspects have been realised:

  1. Jesus' disciples learn to stop confusing the kingdom of God with a Zionist campaign to "restore the kingdom to Israel";
  2. Jesus' disciples stop trying to define God's kingdom by chronologies of "times and periods";
  3. "the Holy Spirit has come upon" Jesus' disciples and they "receive power"; and
  4. People have witnessed Jesus "in Jerusalem, in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth".


Views

Catholic and Orthodox

It is the traditional view of Catholicsand Orthodox Christiansthat the second coming will be a sudden and unmistakable incident, like "a flash of lightning". They hold the general view that Jesus will not spend any time on the earth in ministry or preaching. They also agree that the ministry of the antichristwill take place right before the second coming.

Mainstream Protestantism

The many denominations of Protestantism have differing views on the exact details of Christ's second coming. Only a handful of Christian organizations claim complete and authoritative interpretation of the typically symbolic and prophetic biblical sources. A common thread is the belief that Jesus will return to judge the world and to establish the kingdom of God (fulfilling the rest of Messianic prophecy).

A short reference to the second coming is contained in the Nicene Creed, a prominent Christian statement of faith: "He [Jesus] shall come again in glory to judge the living and the dead; of His kingdom shall have no end." An analogous statement is also in the biblical Pauline Creed, in .

The Lutheran, Anglicanand United Methodistliturgyproclaims the Mystery of Faithto be: "Christ has died, Christ is risen, Christ will come again."

Generally, mainstream Protestant Christianity does not offer predictions on the date of the second coming, though some mainstream Protestants may form their own ideas of how and where it will happen. Such information, however, is not considered a test of orthodoxy. Such, as the Church of God believe, that Jesus will return to earth in power and glory to resurrect the righteous dead, bestow immortality and eternal life upon the resurrected and the living righteous, avenge the saints, and be glorified in them. The Church of God (Seventh Day) believe that Jesus earthly reign of one thousand years will be a universal kingdom in which all principalities, powers, and enemies are overcome and, that, at its conclusion, the unrighteous will be resurrected to suffer annihilation at the great white throne judgment.

Some of these views include:
  1. A futuristic and literal interpretation of the predictions of Daniel and Jesus about end times. This is associated with a worldview that the world will literally come under rule of an anti-christ bringing about mass persecution of Christians which will then be saved out of this world by a physical rapture.
  2. A historical and literal interpretation of Daniel's prophecies and Jesus' predictions. These people believe that the things predicted already happened short after Jesus' crucifixion. Some holding this view believe Jesus will still come back physically to rule, returning to a glorious triumphant bride. Others believe He will come through His bride.
  3. Others interpret the predictions not literal but spiritual. Their understanding of the abomination of desolation that is to sit on the throne in the temple, is the Shepherds (Pastors) that exalted themselves to being mediators between God and man, thereby exalting themselves to "God" status, controlling and beating the sheep, building their own empires and not the kingdom of God. Such is interpreted to already happened and that the remnant bride is supposed to flee out of the "city" of organized religion to the mountain (holy hill spoken of in Psalm 24), from where they are to "lift up their heads as be watchful" as the five wise virgins in biblical parable, "for the King of glory is about to reveal His glory through His beloved who had not defiled herself and stayed true to Him."
  4. Others holds a combination of these views.


Swedenborgianism

Emanuel Swedenborg, an 18th century scientist and theologian described the Second Coming of the Lord as the opening of the inner meaning of the Word. Jesus had predicted that they would see "the Son of Man coming in the clouds of heaven", but this was to be a spiritual—not a physical event. In other words, Jesus would indeed come again, but not in the flesh. Rather He would come again in spirit through a revelation of the inner (deeper) meaning of the Bible. In other words, just as the physical sunshine can break through the obscurity of physical clouds, the inner meaning of the Word can also shine through the literal sense of the Bible. Whenever this happens for an individual, there is an experience of the Lord's Second Coming. The Lord (Jesus Christ) has come again through His Word—with "power and great glory".

Latter Day Saints

Notably those of the Latter Day Saint movementhave particularly distinct and specific interpretations as to various signs presented in the Book of Revelation; see Second Coming .

Western Wisdom Teachings

In the Rosicrucianwritings of Max Heindel, also known as Western Wisdom Teachings, there is a distinction to be made between Jesusthe man, and the Christ, the true or divine nature. Jesus is considered a high Initiate of the human life wave (which evolves under the cycle of rebirth) and of a singularly pure type of mind, vastly superior to the great majority of the present humanity. He was educated during his youth among the Essenes and thus prepared himself for the greatest honor ever bestowed upon a human being: to deliver his pure, passionless, highly evolved physical body and vital body(already attuned to the high vibrations of the 'Life Spirit'), in the moment of the Baptism, to the Christ being for His ministry in the physical world. Christ is described as the highest Spiritual Being of the life wave called Archangels, and has completed His union with the second aspect of God(Christ the Son): Wisdom(Christ the [Solar] Logos; distinct from "the Word", Logos, of Whom John speaks, "The Only Begotten").

In these esoteric Christianteachings, there is a clear distinction between the Cosmic Christ, or Christ without, and the Christ Within: the Cosmic Christ, the 'Regent of the Earth', aids each individual in the formation of the Christ Within, the Golden Wedding Garment.also called "Soul body", the correct translation of Paul of Tarsus"soma psuchicon" (Greek "soma" [body] and "psuchicon" [psu(y)che—soul], "It is sown a soul body; it is raised a spiritual body…," distinction of "spirit and soul and body".

According to this tradition, the Christ Within is regarded as the true Saviour who needs to be born within each individual in order to evolve toward the future Sixth Epochin the Earth's etheric plane, that is, toward the "new heavens and a new earth": the New Galilee.The Second Coming or Advent of the Christ is not in a physical body, but in the new soul bodyof each individual in the etheric regionof the planet where man "shall be caught up IN THE CLOUDS to meet the Lord IN THE AIR." The "day and hour" when this event shall be, as described in the Bible, is not in the human knowledge domain. The esoteric Christian tradition teaches that first there will be a preparatory period as the Sunenters Aquariusby precession: the coming Age of Aquarius.

Theosophy

In January 1946, TheosophistAlice A.Baileyprophesied that Christ (who is regarded by Theosophists as being identical with the being known by Theosophists as the Maitreya) would return “sometime after AD 2025” The followers of the Theosophical guru Benjamin Creme, like Alice A. Bailey, believe the Second Coming will occur when Maitreya makes his presence on Earth publicly known—Crème believes Maitreya has been on Earth since 1977, living in secret. This future “Second Coming” event is called the Emergenceor Day of Declaration; this is when, Creme's followers believe, the Maitreya will telepathicallyovershadow all of humanity when he appears on worldwide television(this event was originally supposed to occur on 21 June 1982). Benjamin Creme's followers (like Alice A. Bailey) believe in the Nestorian/Gnosticdoctrine promulgated by C.W.Leadbeaterthat Maitreya overshadowed the being called by Theosophists the Master Jesusduring the Ministry of Jesus.

Anthroposophy

AnthroposophistRudolf Steinerdescribed the physical incarnation of Christ as a unique event, but predicted that Christ would reappear in the etheric, or lowest spiritual, plane beginning in the 1930s.

Judaism

Though Judaismhas no single official view of Jesus, it rejects Jesus' status as Jewish Messiahand, therefore, the idea of his Second Coming. Most Jews believe that Jesus failed to fulfill specific Messianic prophecies. They often claim that, among other things, Jesus' death and failure to redeem the world after his first coming are proof that he could not be the Messiah. Rabbi David Wolpebelieves that the Second Coming was "grown out of genuine disappointment" and invented by Christians to theologically compensate for Jesus' death and failure to redeem the world.

Islam

The mainstream Islamicview of the second coming maintains Jesus did not die (see Islamic view of Jesus' death) and was lifted up to Heaven by God, where he is waiting to descend during the “last days” when corruption and perversity are rife on Earth. Jesus will return to wage a battle against and defeat the false Messiah (Dajjal, or Anti-Christ) and call all humanity to Islam, as originally called upon by all the prophets including himself. Jesus shall be accompanied by an army of the righteous, and shall be fighting against darkness, uniting his army with the army of Mahdiin the last war of human history. The Dajjal will wage war with his army of corrupt followers and mischief-makers and those have fallen under his deception.

Hare Krishna

The Hare Krishnamovement has embraced Jesus as an avatar, or incarnation, of God. Paramahansa Yogananda, the author of Autobiography of a Yogi, made an extensive commentary on the Gospels, published in a two-volume set as The Second Coming of Christ: The Resurrection of the Christ Within You.The book offers a mystical interpretation of the Second Coming in which it is understood to be an inner experience, something that takes place within the individual heart.

Predictions

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Claimants of Christ

  • Emanuel Swedenborg and those in the New Church believe Jesus is making his second coming by revealing Himself in the spiritual meaning of the Bible. They believe that the Last Judgment was commenced in the beginning of the year 1757, and was fully accomplished at the end of that year. This Judgement on the Christian church, which took place in the spiritual world, marked the beginning of Christ's second coming.
  • Bahá'u'lláh claimed to be the Return of Christ. Followers of the Bahá'í Faith believe that the fulfillment of the prophecies of the second coming of Jesus, as well as the prophecies of the 5th Buddha Maitreya and many other religious prophecies, were begun by the Báb in 1844 and then by Bahá'u'lláh. They commonly compare the fulfillment of Christian prophecies to Jesus' fulfillment of Jewish prophecies, where in both cases people were expecting the literal fulfillment of apocalyptic statements.
  • Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, A 19th century Islamic figure from Indiamarker, who claimed to be the second coming of and likeness of Jesus, the promised Messiah at the end of time, as well as being the promised Mahdi, being the only person in Islamic history to have claimed to be both. He preached the supremacy of Islam and promoted the spread of Islam through peaceful means, writing over eighty books. He gathered thousands of followers within his lifetime and founded the Ahmadiyya religious movement.
  • The followers of the Neo-Theosophical guru Benjamin Creme believe the Second Coming will occur when the being known by Theosophists as the Maitreya publicly makes his presence on Earth known (they believe he has been on Earth since 1977, living in secret). This future event is called the Emergence or Day of Declaration ; this is when, Creme's followers believe, the Maitreya will telepathically overshadow all of humanity when he appears on worldwide television (this event was originally supposed to occur on 21 June 1982). Benjamin Creme's followers believe in the Nestorian/Gnostic doctrine promulgated by C.W. Leadbeater that Maitreya overshadowed the being called by Theosophists the Master Jesus during the Ministry of Jesus.


Contemporary American politics

The rise of fundamentalist Christianity as a political force in the United Statesmarker, has allegedly had an influence upon political decisions on the global stage.The majority of fundamentalist Christians in America subscribe to dispensationalist theologyand biblical literalism, which predicts that at the second coming Jesus Christ will commence his reign over a re-established Jewishnation in the Middle East. The belief that the Jews must be returned to the Biblical lands of Judaea and Samaria before the world can end has, according to some, "driven up American support for an aggressive Israeli approach to its neighbours in the Holy Land." These views have been propagated by Christian Zionistpreachers such as Tim LaHaye, Jerry Jenkins, Pat Robertson, John Hagee, and Hal Lindsey. However, the majority of the Christianworld both within and outside of America, including the Roman Catholic, Lutheran, Anglicanand most Presbyterianchurches, rejects dispensationalism.

See also





Notes

References

  • Explanatory text in The New Jerusalem Bible (1990). Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-14264-1
  • Lewis, C.S. (1960). The World's Last Night and Other Essays. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. ISBN 0-15-698360-5
  • Markus Mühling, Grundinformation Eschatologie. Systematische Theologie aus der Perspektive der Hoffnung, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2007, ISBN 978-3-525-03619-8, 221–241
  • Heindel, Max, How Shall We Know Christ at His Coming?, May 1913 (stenographic report of a lecture, Los Angelesmarker), ISBN 0-911274-64-2 www
  • James Stuart Russell. The Parousia, A Careful Look at the New Testament Doctrine of the Lord's Second Coming


Date of the Second Coming Author Notes
1745–present Emanuel Swedenborg Witnessed the Last Judgment in 1757 as one of many events recounted in his works resulting from visions of Jesus Christ returned. He tells of almost daily interaction with Christ over the course of almost 30 years. His return is not in the flesh, but in His Holy Spirit. "Neither shall they say see here or see there, for behold, the kingdom of God is within you" (Luke 17:20).
September 15, 1829 George Rapp Founder and leader of the Harmony Society, predicted that on September 15, 1829, the three and one half years of the Sun Woman would end and Christ would begin his reign on earth. Dissension grew when Rapp's predictions went unfulfilled. In March 1832, a third of the group left and some began following a man named Bernhard Müller who claimed to be the Lion of Judah. Nevertheless, most of the group stayed and Rapp continued to lead them until he died on August 7, 1847. His last words to his followers were, "If I did not so fully believe, that the Lord has designated me to place our society before His presence in the land of Canaan, I would consider this my last."
October 22, 1844 William Miller and the Millerite Movement The fact that this failed to happen the way people were expecting was later referred to as the Great Disappointment. Some Millerites continued to set dates; others founded the Seventh-day Adventist Church and the Advent Christian Church, which continued to expect the Second Coming but no longer set dates for it (Members of the Bahá'í Faith believe that the event of the Second Coming did take place on 23 May 1844, when the Báb (the Gate), the forerunner of Bahá'u'lláh (Glory of God)), declared his mission. Bahá'u'lláh later claimed that he was the return and second coming of Jesus Christ.
1874 Charles Taze Russell The first president of what is now the Watchtower Society of the Jehovah's Witnesses, calculated 1874 to be the year of Christ's Second Coming, and until his death taught that Christ was invisibly present, and ruling from the heavens from that date prophesied. Russell proclaimed Christ's invisible return in 1874, the resurrection of the saints in 1875, and predicted the end of the "harvest" and a rapture of the saints to heaven for 1878, and the final end of "the day of wrath" in 1914. 1874 was considered the end of 6,000 years of human history and the beginning of judgment by Christ.
1914 Jehovah's Witnesses The "Second Coming" is important in the doctrine of Jehovah's Witnesses, although they do not use this term. Jehovah's Witnesses believe that Christ's visible (to humans) return will be at Armageddon. They believe that 1914 A.D. marked the beginning of Christ's invisible presence (Matt. 24:3 gr. "parousia") as the King of God's Kingdom (Psalm 110; Revelation 12:10), and the beginning of the last days of the human ruled system of society. They believe the signs Christ revealed about his return in Matthew 24, Mark 13, and Luke 21 began to occur starting in 1914. In a parallel Biblical account at Revelation 6, they believe the ride of the symbolic four horsemen began in the same year, and that the first rider on the white horse depicts the Christ. He goes forth to complete his conquest of the earth, while the rule by human leaders continues for a short while until they meet their end at Armageddon by the power of the Christ (Revelation 19:11-21).
1917–1930 Sun Myung Moon The followers of Reverend Sun Myung Moon consider Reverend Moon to be the Lord of the Second Advent called by Jesus Christ on Easter Sunday at the age of 15 on a Korean Mountainside. (See Divine Principle)
1930s Rudolf Steiner Steiner described the physical incarnation of Christ as a unique event, but predicted that Christ would reappear in the etheric, or lowest spiritual, plane beginning in the 1930s. This would manifest in various ways: as a new spiritual approach to community life and between individuals; in more and more individuals discovering fully conscious access to the etheric plane (clairvoyance); and in Christ's appearance to groups of seekers gathered together.
1975 Herbert W. Armstrong Armstrong, Pastor-General of the Radio Church of God, and then the Worldwide Church of God, felt the return of Jesus Christ might be in 1975. Of particular note was the book 1975 in Prophecy! written by Armstrong and published by the Radio Church of God in 1956. Though, never explicitly stating a date in the booklet, the title led people to believe the date was the second coming.
June 28, 1981 Bill Maupin Maupin, a pastor of the Lighthouse Gospel Tract Foundation in Tucsonmarker, Arizonamarker, wrote a book predicting the date of the Second Coming. His congregation sold all their belongings and went to a hilltop on that day to await the event.
June 21, 1982 Benjamin Creme The followers of the New Age Theosophical guru Benjamin Creme, like Alice A. Bailey, believe the Second Coming will occur when Maitreya (the being Theosophists identify as being Christ) makes his presence on Earth publicly known—Crème believes Maitreya has been on Earth since 1977, living in secret.Creme put advertisements in many of the world’s major newspapers in early 1982 stating that the Second Coming would occur on Monday, 21 June 1982 (summer solstice in the northern hemispheremarker), at which time Christ (Maitreya) would announce his Second Coming on worldwide television (this is called the Emergence or Day of Declaration ; this is when, Creme's followers believe, the Maitreya will telepathically overshadow all of humanity when he appears on worldwide television) When this event did not occur, Crème claimed that the “world is not yet ready to receive Maitreya"; his followers continue to believe it will happen “soon”.
1994? And 2011 Harold Camping Camping, a WFME radio Bible founder and teacher, published a book, 1994?, a prediction of Christ's return was likely pointing to 1994 but that the end will be 2011. 2011 was also in the book 1994?. Camping wrote "Adam when?" and claimed the Biblical calendar meshes with the secular and is accurate from 11,013 BC–2011 AD.
1999 Through 2009 Jerry Falwell Fundamentalist preacher who predicted in 1999 that the Second Coming would probably be within 10 years.
1999 Nostradamus Predicted that "from the sky will come a great King of Terror" in 1999. This was interpreted by some as a prophecy about the second coming of Jesus. When this did not occur, some of his followers and those of Edgar Cayce claimed that Jesus was conceived in 1998, born in 1999, and is currently living on Earth as a reincarnated person.
September 13, 2007 Paul Sides Predicted that September 13, 2007 marks the end of seven years of "wars and rumors of war" that erupted when The Oslo Accords were annulled. Then he predicts a final seven year "tribulation period" that culminates in a war over the Holy Land that brings back the Messiah.
September 30, 2008 Mark Biltz Pastor of El Shaddai Ministries, predicted September 30, 2008 (Rosh Hashanah) as the potential day of the second coming of Jesus based on four total Lunar Eclipses that occur seven years (Great Tribulation period) after September 30, 2008 in 2014 and 2015 that happen to fall on the two Jewish holidays Pesach and Succot in both 2014 and 2015. Mark believes this to be significant as the four Lunar Eclipses falling on the aforementioned Jewish holidays has happened in the past in 1492, 1948 and 1949 highlighting those years to be significant in Jewish history. In 1492 the Jews were expelled from Spain, in 1948 Israel became a nation, and in 1949 Jerusalem became the capital of Israel. In addition, he attributed these Lunar events to the "signs in the heavens" that the Bible speaks of.
2012 Jack Van Impe Televangelist who has, over the years, predicted many specific years and dates for the second coming of Jesus, but has continued to move his prediction later. Many of these dates have already passed, and he recently pointed to 2012 as a possible date for the second coming. Van Impe no longer claims to know the exact date of the Second Coming, but quotes verses which imply that mankind should know when the second coming is near.
2025 Alice A. Bailey In January 1946, the New Age Theosophical guru prophesied that Christ would return “sometime after AD 2025” (Theosophists identify “Christ” as being identical to a being they call Maitreya) to inaugurate the Age of Aquarius; thus, this event will be, according to Bailey, the New Age equivalent of the Christian concept of the Second Coming.Alice A. Bailey stated that St. Germain is the manager of the executive council of the Christ (Like C.W. Leadbeater, Alice A. Bailey refers to St. Germain as the Master Rakoczi or the Master R. in her books.). ; thus, according to Alice A. Bailey, St. Germain’s primary task is to prepare the way for the Second Coming.
Unknown Master Beinsa Douno Predicted the Second Appearance of Christ as: "Christ Impulse will gradually penetrate into the human being and will take over guidance during the further development of the humankind (sic). We are still in the beginning of all this now." (Master Beinsa Douno, The Master, The Life of the Sixth Race, ISBN 954-744-050-0, [4828], 19001946, Society Byalo Bratstvo - Bulgaria)
Unknown Rastafari movement The movement believes Haile Selassie is the second coming (although he himself did not encourage this belief). He embodied this when he became Emperor of Ethiopiamarker, but is also expected to return a second time to initiate the apocalyptic day of judgment. Haile Selassie, also called Jah Ras Tafari, is often considered to be alive by members of the Rastafari movement.

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