Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (SMN) is Mexico's national
It collects data and issues forecasts,
advisories, and warnings for the entire country.
A presidential decree founded El Observatorio Meteorológico y
Astrónomico de México (The Meteorological and Astronomical
Observatory of Mexico) on February 6, 1877 as part of the
Geographic Exploring of the National Territory commission.
it became an independent agency located at Chapultepec
Castle, then encompassing six observatories.
1901, the Servicio Meteorologia Nacional was formed with 31
sections for each state
independent observatories which reported back to the central office
via telegraph. It joined the
in 1947. By 1980, the organization included 72
observatories, of which eight launched weather balloons
, and five radars serviced the
country. In 1989, it became a subagency of the General de
Administracion del Agua.
Functions of the organization
The agency issues forecasts out to five days in the future,
hydrological bulletins including recent rainfall, agricultural
bulletins, and run their own regional forecast model based upon the
also issue warnings for intense storms, strong northerlies in the
Mexico, snowfall, and excessive rainfall.
analyses for the region are drawn by the Tropical Prediction Center
are incorporated onto the Hydrometeorological
analysis and then linked to by SMN on their
website. They issue their own tropical cyclone reports
that describe the impact of storms on Mexico, which are then
relayed to the U.S.
National Hurricane Center
and the World
- Servicio Meteorologia Nacional. Breve Historia... Retrieved on 2007-01-17.
- Servicio Meteorologia Nacional. Avisos y Alertas. Retrieved on 2007-01-17.
- Servicio Meteorologia Nacional. Productos
Meteorologicos. Retrieved on 2007-01-17.