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Sharjah ( ) ( ; pronounced in English) is the third largest and most populous city in the United Arab Emiratesmarker. It is located along the southern coast of the Persian Gulfmarker on the Arabian Peninsula.

Sharjah is the seat of government of the emirate of Sharjahmarker. Sharjah shares legal, political, military and economic functions with the other emirates within a federal framework, although each emirate has jurisdiction over some functions such as civic law enforcement and provision and upkeep of local facilities. Sharjah has been ruled by the Al Qasimi dynasty since 1972.

The city is the country's capital for culture and industry, and alone contributes to 7.4% of the GDP of the United Arab Emiratesmarker. The city covers an approximate area of 235 km² and has a population of over 800,000 (2008).

Eytomology

Many researchers have supposed that the word Sharqah, to which Sharjah owes its origins, comes from light.The terrain is so flat that the sun shines evenly on the land.

Sultan Al Omaimi, a UAE poet and researcher in folk literature, says that some historians speculate that Sharjah was the name of an idol worshipped in the pre-Islamic era which was known as Abed Al Shareq. It also had a feminine form called Al Shareqa.This idol, therefore, dates back to antiquity, but has been throughout a strong presence in the region's traditions, says Obaid. Another theory finds that the word Sharqah comes from a fort in Andalusia as mentioned in the encyclopaedic book, "Kitab mu'jam al-buldan" written by the Muslim scholar Yaqut Al Hamawi.

Other researchers link the word Sharqah to the fact that the city is located to the Sharq, or east, of Dubai and Abu Dhabi. Hence the Arabic classical form of Sharjah is Al Shareqah. It is the colloquial form that is Al Sharjah.

History

Historically, Sharjah was one of the wealthiest towns in this region with a settlement in existence for over 5000 years. In the early 18th century, the Qawasim clan (Huwayla tribe) established itself in Sharjah, c.1727 declaring Sharjah independent. On 8 January 1820, Sheikh Sultan I signed the General Maritime Treaty with Britain, accepting a protectorate to keep the Ottoman Turks out. Like four of its neighbours, Ajmanmarker, Dubaimarker, Ras al-Khaimahmarker, and Umm al-Qaiwainmarker, its position on the route to India made it important enough to be recognized as a salute state (be it of the lowest class: 3 guns). On 2 December 1971, Sheikh Khalid III joined the United Arab Emirates.

Like the other former Trucial States, Sharjah's name is known by many stamp collectors because of the large numbers of stamps that were issued by the Sharjah Post Office shortly before the formation of the United Arab Emirates. Many of these items feature subjects unrelated to the emirates whose names they bear, and therefore many popular catalogues do not list them.

Overview

Sharjah Corniche
Sharjah is the third largest city (after Dubaimarker and Abu Dhabimarker) in the United Arab Emirates. The palace of the ruler of the Emirate of Sharjah (Sultan bin Mohamed Al-Qasimi) is located about southeast of the city.

The city of Sharjah overlooks the Persian Gulfmarker and has a population of over 800,000 (2008). It contains the main administrative and commercial centers together with an array of cultural and traditional projects, including several museums covering areas such as archaeology,natural history,science, arts, heritage, islamic art and culture. Distinctive landmarks are the two major covered souks, reflecting Islamic design; a number of recreational areas and public parks such as Al Jazeirah Fun Park and Al Buheirah Corniche. The city is also notable for its numerous elegant mosques. The Emirate of Sharjah is also known to be the Cultural Capital of the UAE with its rich legacy of arts, heritage and culture.

Sharjah is bordered by the cities of Dubaimarker and Ajmānmarker and is about 170 kilometers away from the capital city Abu Dhabi.

Education

There are several public and private schools in addition to universities in Sharjah, including the University of Sharjah, the American University of Sharjahmarker, Troy Universitymarker - ITS Sharjah Campus, Skyline College Sharjah, Sharjah Men's College, and Sharjah Women's College some of those universities are grouped in one place called the University City.

Sports

The Sharjah Cricket Association Stadiummarker has hosted almost 200 cricket One Day Internationals, more than any other ground, and 4 Test matches. Al Sharjah First league Sharjah sport clubsAl-Shaab First leagueAl Hemriah 2nd leagueAl The-aed 2nd leagueAl Itthab 2nd leagueAL Khaleej 2nd leagueDibba 2nd league

Since 2003, the increasingly crowded cricket calendar has precluded the holding of any major international matches at Sharjah although the stadium has been the venue for certain other matches, such as the 2004 ICC Intercontinental Cup. The use of the venue has declined as the new 20,000 seat Sheikh Zayed Stadium in Abu Dhabi has become the preferred venue for cricket in the UAE.

Twin towns - Sister cities



See also



References

  1. http://www.theroyalforums.com/forums/f169/ruling-family-of-sharjah-al-qasimi-dynasty-12253.html
  2. http://web.dcci.ae/LibNewsLetter/EN/EN_November06/Gulfnews%20Abu%20Dhabi%20and%20Dubai%20lead%20in%20contributions%20to%20GDP.htm
  3. http://www.uaeinteract.com/docs/How_did_Dubai,_Abu_Dhabi_and_other_cities_get_their_names?_Experts_reveal_all/24335.htm
  4. http://www.sharjahtourism.ae/en/about-sharjah/culture-heritage/heritage-museums/alhisan-sharjah-fort.html
  5. Sharjah and Dependencies - stamps and postal stationery on-line catalogue, Accessed on January 24, 2008.
  6. Carlton, R. Scott. The International Encyclopædic Dictionary of Philately. Krause: Iola, 1997, page 173.
  7. http://www.uaeinteract.com/docs/Sultan_attends_signing_of_Sharjah-Granada_sister_city_agreement/34150.htm


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