( ) is a district of Gaza City
located nearly northwest of the city
camp to the southwest, Rimal to the
south, and Jabalia to the
The Sheikh Radwan Cemetery is located in the district.
It contains hundreds of graves for Palestinian
killed in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict
leaders Ahmed Yassin
, Abdel Aziz al-Rantissi
, and Said Siam
The district is named after Sheikh Radwan whose tomb is situated on
a hilltop in the district with an elevation of above sea level. Its
walls are constructed from ancient building stones and fragments of
marble slabs in secondary use. In the 19th century, it was
surrounded by ancient trees. It has been identified by Christian
scholars as the Monastery of Peter the Iberian
the Israeli government
attempted to disperse the concentration of Palestinian refugees as part of an
Israeli authority policy of counter insurgency and military
repression of the Palestinian refugees. The plan was part of 9
relocation schemes within the Gaza Strip, parts of nearby al-Shati camp were
bulldozed and a housing project in Sheikh Radwan was
Initially, refugee migration to Sheikh Radwan was
involuntary since Israeli authorities demolished over 2,000
shelters in the camps to widen the roads for "security reasons" and
denied permits for the residents to rebuild their houses. About
8,000 refugees moved into the housing projects of Sheikh Radwan.
Nations Relief and Works Agency
and the Palestine Liberation
were vociferous in their opposition to the Israeli
action, saying it was forced resettlement. After the start of the
, Sheikh Radwan was the
most consistently active areas in Gaza.
On October 3, 2005, armed members of Hamas
assaulted the Palestinian
station in Sheikh Radwan which ended in the death of
Hayam Mohammed Nassar, 30, as she stood on the patio of an adjacent
balcony. Members of the Fatah
al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades
arrived to defend the police station, and the Hamas militiamen
consequently withdrew. Since the take-over of the Gaza Strip
in 2007, Sheikh Radwan has been considered a stronghold for the
organization. On May 17, 2007, Israel targeted a senior Hamas
member in the district, killing, instead a militant and injuring
eight others. During the 2008–2009
, an Israeli airstrike against a house in
Sheikh Radwan left three civilians dead and 25 injured. The
cemetery was closed down during the conflict due to the lack of
vacant burial places, and thirty graves were destroyed after an
Israeli missile struck the cemetry.
- Butt, 1995, p.9.
- Jadallah, Ahmed. Sheikh Radwan Cemetery Reuters.
- Haniyeh: World must back Goldstone's Gaza report.
Ma'an News Agency. 2009-09-20.
- Bitton-Ashkelony and Kofsky, 2004, p.75.
- Helena Lindholm Schulz and Juliane Hammer (2003) The
Palestinian diaspora: formation of identities and politics of
homeland Routledge, ISBN 0415268214 p 71
- Boqai, Nihad. Badil Resource Center for Palestinian Residency
& Refugee Rights and Terry Rempel (2003) Survey of Palestinian
Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons Badil Resource Center for
Palestinian Residency and Refugee Rights, p.46
- Ginat and Perkins, 2001, pp.183-185.
- Jamal Raji Nassar and Roger Heacock (1990) p 104
- Beach Camp United Nations Relief and
- Karmi and Cotran, 1999, p.33.
- B'Tselem Casualty Statistics Palestinians
killed by Palestinians
- Violent Clashes in Gaza Electronic
Intifada. Palestinian Center for Human
- Barzak, Ibrahim. Israeli Airstrikes Target Hamas
Associated Press. 2007-05-17.
- Airstrike in Sheikh Radwan kills three, injures
25 Ma'an News Agency. 2009-01-15
- Gazans running out of room to bury the dead
- Proposal emerges for 10-day cease-fire in Gaza
- McCarthy, Rory and Boseley, Sarah. Israeli human rights groups speak out as death toll
passes 1,000. The Guardian. 2009-01-15.