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Sheila Jackson-Lee (born January 12, 1950) is an Americanmarker politician. She has been a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives since 1995. She represents Texas's 18th congressional district.

Early life

Jackson-Lee graduated from Jamaica High Schoolmarker in Queensmarker. She earned a B.A. in political science from Yale Universitymarker in 1972, followed by a J.D. from the University of Virginiamarker Law School in 1975. Jackson-Lee moved to Houston after her husband, Dr. Elwyn C. Lee, took a job at the University of Houstonmarker. Her husband now holds a dual position of Vice Chancellor and Vice President for Student Affairs of the and the , respectively. Jackson-Lee is a member of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc.

Political career

Jackson-Lee made three unsuccessful attempts at local judgeships before becoming a municipal judge from 1987 to 1990. Jackson-Lee, along with Sylvia Garcia, were appointed by then Mayor of Houston Kathy Whitmire. In 1989 she won the at-large position for a seat on the Houston City Council, serving until 1994. While on the city council, Jackson-Lee helped push through a gun safety ordinance that punished parents who did not keep their guns away from children. She also worked for expanded summer hours at city parks and recreation centers as a way to combat gang violence.

In 1994, Jackson-Lee, then serving her third term as a member of the Houston City Council, defeated incumbent Congressman Craig Washington in the Democratic primary for the 18th Congressional District of Texas. The victory effectively assured her the seat itself, as the district is overwhelmingly Democratic.

As a federal legislator, Jackson-Lee is an outspoken advocate for her liberal views, which range from supporting affirmative action to immigrant and women's rights.

Jackson-Lee's role model is the black legislator Barbara Jordan, who represented the same congressional district from 1973 to 1979. Like Jordan before her, Jackson-Lee uses her seat on the Judiciary Committee to focus attention on civil rights, abortion rights and other liberal causes.

Minority issues are at the forefront of Jackson-Lee's political concerns. Within the past few years she has traveled to South Africa to decry racism and has backed sanctions against Sudanmarker. She is the first vice-chairwoman of the Congressional Black Caucus.

Jackson-Lee on occasion has partnered with Republicans in Congress, for instance backing President George W. Bush's energy plan, which was strongly criticized by environmentalists. In 2000, she favored permanently normalizing trade status for Chinamarker, arguing that it would aid both human rights and Houston's economy.

She was one of the 31 who voted in the House not to count the electoral votes from Ohio in the 2004 Presidential election.

Prior to the 110th Congress, Jackson-Lee served on the House Science Committee and on the Subcommittee that oversees space policy and NASAmarker.

Jackson-Lee is one of the cosponsors of the 2007 Assault Weapons Ban and Law Enforcement Protection Act.

In 2008, she endorsed Hillary Clinton for President of the United States.

Committee assignments



Venezuela

Jackson-Lee has urged better relations between the U.S. and Venezuelamarker, which she describes as a friendly nation. She said the U.S. should reconsider its ban on selling F-16 fighter jets and spare parts to that country. The U.S.marker State Departmentmarker bans such sales due to "lack of support" for counter-terrorist operations and Venezuela's relations with Iranmarker and Cubamarker.

Darfur

On April 28, 2006, Jackson-Lee, along with four other members of Congress and six other activists, was arrested for disorderly conduct in front of the Sudanesemarker embassy in Washington. They were protesting the role of Sudan's government in ethnic cleansing in Darfur.

References

  1. http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2005/roll007.xml
  2. " Jackson Lee wants ban on fighter jets reconsidered." Houston Chronicle. February 21, 2007
  3. " Jackson Lee tries to smooth Chavez ties / Her Venezuela trip, she says, was an attempt to protect jobs here." Houston Chronicle.
  4. Jim Doyle, Five members of Congress arrested over Sudan protest, San Francisco Chronicle, April 28, 2006. Accessed 25 September 2006.
Alison Cook, Alison Cook looks back at 1997: The Year That Bit, Houston Press, May 2, 2007.

External links






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