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Shem-Tov ben Joseph ibn Falaquera, also spelled Palquera (1225 – c. 1290) (Hebrew: שם טוב בן יוסף אבן פלקירה) was a Spanish Jewish philosopher and poet. Apart from his extensive Jewish knowledge, he was well versed in Arabic and Greek philosophies, and had a fine critical sense. Falaquera unfortunately gives no information concerning his own personality.


  • Iggeret Hanhagat ha-Guf we ha-Nefesh, a treatise in verse on the control of the body and the soul.

  • Ẓeri ha-Yagon, on resignation and fortitude under misfortune. Cremonamarker, 1550.

  • Iggeret ha-Wikkuaḥ, a dialogue between an orthodox Jew and a philosopher on the harmony of philosophy and religion, being an attempt to prove that not only the Bible, but even the Talmud, is in perfect accord with philosophy. Praguemarker, 1810.

  • Reshit Ḥokmah, treating of moral duties (and giving the so-called "ethical epistles" of Aristotle), of the sciences, and of the necessity of studying philosophy. In this Shem-Ṭob treats of the philosophy of Aristotle and Plato. This and the preceding work have been translated into Latin (Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris, MS. Latin, No. 6691A).

  • Sefer ha-Ma'alot, on the different degrees of human perfection; ed. L. Venetianer, 1891.

  • Ha-Mebaḳḳesh, a survey of human knowledge in the form of a dialogue in rimed prose interspersed with verse. This work is a remodeling of the Reshit Ḥokmah. Amsterdammarker, 1779.

  • Moreh ha-Moreh, commentary on the philosophical part of the Moreh Nebukim (Guide to the Perplexed) of Maimonides, with an appendix containing corrections of the Hebrew translation of Samuel ibn Tibbon. Presburgmarker, 1837.

  • Letter in defense of the Moreh Nebukim, which had been attacked by several French rabbis; published in the Minḥat Ḳena'ot. Presburgmarker, 1838.

  • De'ot ha-Filusufim, containing Aristotle's Physics and Metaphysics according to Ibn Roshd's interpretations (Steinschneider, Cat. Hebr. MSS. Leyden, No. 20).

  • Iggeret ha-Musar, a compilation of ethical sentences (comp. Orient, Lit. 1879, p. 79).

  • Megillat ha-Zikkaron, a historical work, no longer in existence, quoted in the Mebaḳḳesh.

  • Iggeret ha-Ḥalom, a treatise on dreams, mentioned in Moreh ha-Moreh, iii, ch. 19, p. 131.

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