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Sherbrooke (2006 population: 147,427) is a Canadianmarker city in southern Quebecmarker. Sherbrooke is situated at the confluence of the Saint-François (St. Francis) and Magog rivers in the heart of the Estriemarker administrative region. Sherbrooke is also the name of a territory equivalent to a regional county municipality (TE) and census division (CD) of Quebecmarker, coextensive with the city of Sherbrooke. Its geographical code is 43.

History

Part of a region historically known as the Eastern Townships, Sherbrooke was first settled in 1793 by Americanmarker Loyalists, including Gilbert Hyatt, a farmer from Schenectady, New Yorkmarker, who built a flour mill in 1802. The village was named "Hyatt's Mills" until 1818 when the village was renamed after Governor General Sir John Sherbrooke at the time of his retirement and return to Englandmarker.

The city grew considerably on January 1, 2002, by the mergers of the cities of Sherbrooke, Ascot, Bromptonville, Deauville, Fleurimont, Lennoxville, Rock Forest, and Saint-Élie-d'Orford.

Economy

Sherbrooke in 1889.
In 2007 Canadian Business Magazine Magazine ranked Sherbrooke as the top place to do business in Canada. The report cites large increases in commercial building permits, strong exports, a highly educated workforce, and low unemployment rate.

Sherbrooke is also the centre of an important agricultural region with many dairy farms. An important business is the manufacturing of ice hockey sticks: more of these are made in Sherbrooke than anywhere else in the world. The city has a concrete truss bridge, the first of its kind in the world.

Education

The city is the location of one French language university, the Université de Sherbrookemarker, and since Lennoxvillemarker and Sherbrooke merged in 2002 (see municipal reorganization in Quebec), of an English language University, Bishop's Universitymarker. U de S is a comprehensive university with schools of medicine and law and extensive graduate programs, while Bishop's is smaller and predominantly undergraduate. There are three CEGEPs in Sherbrooke, two of them French-language, the Cégep de Sherbrooke and the Séminaire de Sherbrooke, and one English-language, Champlain College Lennoxvillemarker.

Government

Island Street


The merged city is composed of six boroughs: Bromptonmarker, Fleurimontmarker, Lennoxvillemarker, Mont-Bellevuemarker, Rock Forest-Saint-Élie-Deauvillemarker and Jacques-Cartier.

Borough Population City Councillors
Brompton 5,956 3
Fleurimont 41,276 5
Jacques-Cartier 30,229 4
Lennoxville 5,195 3
Mont-Bellevue 33,377 4
Rock-Forest–Saint-Élie–Deauville 29,191 4


Infrastructure

Transportation

Sherbrooke Airportmarker, in Cookshire-Eatonmarker is just east of the city. There are currently no scheduled flights operating out of the airport.

Transdev Limocar provides bus service to Montrealmarker via Granbymarker and Magogmarker. Autobus Jordez links Sherbrooke to Drummondvillemarker and Trois-Rivièresmarker, and also to Victoriavillemarker and Quebec Citymarker.

Société de transport de Sherbrooke (STS) provides bus service. It operate 17 bus routes, 11 minibus routes, and 5 taxibus routes.

The city is located at the eastern terminus of A-10, and directly on the Autoroute Trans-Québécoise (A-55). A-10 provides a direct freeway connection to Montreal and points west, while A-55 connects directly to Trois-Rivières, Shawiniganmarker, and points north, as well as to Interstate 91 to the south (Vermont). A-410 and A-610 are the southern and northern bypass roads, respectively.

Public health and safety

Historical buildings located on Dufferin Street.
The suburban Sherbrooke University Hospital ("CHUS" or "Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Sherbooke) has over 5,200 employees, including 550 doctors. It includes a clinical research facility, the Etienne-Lebel Research Center. CHUS operates the Hospital General Hotel-Dieu, located downtown Sherbrooke.

Climate

Demographics

City of Sherbrooke

Cathédrale Saint-Michel.

Language

from Canada 2006 Census
Language Population Percentage (%)
French only 129,970 89.89%
English only 5,735 3.97%
Both English and French 640 0.44%
Other languages 8,245 5.7%


Ethnic origin

Ethnic origin Population Percent
Canadian 117,305
French 50,540 33.61%
Irish 6,560 4.36%
English 5,065 3.37%
Scottish 3,070 2.04%
Québécois 2,415 1.61%
North American Indian 1,805 1.20%
Italian 1,505 1.00%
The information regarding ethnicities above is from the 2001 Canadian Census. The percentages add to more than 100% because of dual responses (e.g. "French Canadian" generates an entry in both the category "French" and the category "Canadian".) Groups with greater than 1,500 responses are included.

Age structure

  • 0–14 years: 17.8%
  • 15–64 years: 69.0%
  • 65 years and over: 13.2%


Census Metropolitan Area

The Census Metropolitan Area includes the cities of Sherbrooke, Magogmarker and Watervillemarker, the Parish of Saint-Denis-de-Brompton; the municipalities of Compton, Stoke, and Ascot Cornermarker, Hatley county and the village of North Hatleymarker.

The population in 2006 was 186,952. Indigenous peoples comprised just over 0.6% of the population.

Plymouth-Trinity United Church


French was mother tongue to 90.6% of residents (counting both single and multiple responses). The next most common mother tongues were English at 5.6%, Spanish at 1.3%, Arabic and Serbo-Croatian languages at 0.6% each, Persian at 0.4%, Niger-Congo languages at 0.3%, and Chinese and German at 0.2% each. (Percentages may total more than 100% owing to rounding and multiple responses).

About 87% of the population identified as Roman Catholic in 2001 while 6% said they had no religious affiliation. Among smaller denominations Statistics Canada counted 1.2% Anglican, 0.8% Muslims, 0.8% United Church, 0.7% Baptists, 0.5% Eastern Orthodox and 0.3% Jehovah’s Witnesses. Pentecostals and Methodists accounted for 0.2% each, while Buddhists, Presbyterians, Seventh-day Adventists, Mormons and Plymouth Brethren accounted for 0.1% each.

The area is home to about four thousand recent immigrants (arriving between 2001 and 2006) who now comprise about 2% of the total population. Approximately 13% have emigrated from Colombiamarker, 12% from Francemarker, 7% from Afghanistanmarker, 6% from each of Moroccomarker and Argentinamarker, 5% from each of Algeriamarker and Congomarker, 4% from Chinamarker, and 3% from each of Burundimarker, Tunisiamarker, and Tanzania. About 2% of these recent immigrants were born in the United Statesmarker while about 2% were born in Bosnia and Herzegovinamarker.

Sherbrooke University Hospital Centre (properly, the Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Sherbrooke, or CHUS) in the Fleurimont borough
Mount Bellevue and the Sherbrooke skyline


Media



Notable Sherbrooke residents

The former Winter Prison


Joseph-Armand Bombardier hailed from the Sherbrooke area. John Bassett and Conrad Black started their careers as media barons as owner and co-owner, respectively, of the Sherbrooke Record.

Bordering counties

See also



References

External links





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