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 (born November  16, 1952 in Sonobe cho, Kyoto, Japanmarker) is a Japanese video game designer and producer who has been employed at Nintendo since 1977. He has been called the "father of modern video games" and "the Walt Disney of electronic gaming" for helping create the Mario, Donkey Kong, The Legend of Zelda, Star Fox, Pikmin and F-Zero franchises and games such as Nintendogs and Wii Music.


Early life

Miyamoto described childhood experiences such as exploring fields, woods and caves outside Kyoto as an inspiration for The Legend of Zelda and an antagonizing experience with a neighbor's chained dog, which inspired the Chain Chomp in the Mario series.


First employed by Nintendo as an artist in 1977, he designed one of their first coin-operated arcade games, Radar Scope, which was less successful in the United States than Nintendo hoped. He then reused the game's hardware and modified it into Donkey Kong, which was a huge success.

In November 2009 Miyamoto claimed that Nintendo would not employ him today if he applied for a position with his original qualifications.

Work style

At 1997's E3 convention, Miyamoto revealed that he was constantly working with around four hundred people on around a dozen projects at a time. However, he has also stated that he prefers to focus on "games in order, one by one" rather than many at once.

Miyamoto has also been known to have Nintendo implement delays "to make a game [...] of the high quality standards that Nintendo is known for", at times even scrapping the entire development of games. He and fellow developers refer to this scrapping as "Chabudai Gaeshi" (ちゃぶ台返し, "upending the tea table"), a reference to manga and anime Star of the Giants. It is also referred to as "Miyahon Check" (Miyahon is an alternative kanji reading of Miyamoto) or "Miyamoto Test".

An example of this was Eiji Aonuma's replacement as producer on The Legend of Zelda: Twilight Princess by Miyamoto between 2005 to 2006 so that he could assume direction duties. Aonuma stated that the switch was the result of a year-long development being . In the same interview, Miyamoto said that he had to clean up the mess from his , so he joined as a producer and assisted in the development of the Nintendo GameCube and Wii versions of the game.

Personal life

Although a game designer, Miyamoto spends little time playing games, preferring to play the guitar and banjo. He has a Shetland Sheepdog named Pikku that was the inspiration for Nintendogs. He is also a semi-professional dog breeder.. He has been quoted as stating, "Video-games are bad for you? That's what they said about Rock 'N' Roll." Miyamoto also has stated that he has a hobby of guessing the measurements of objects, then checking to see if he was correct, and apparently carries a tape measure with him everywhere. He also owns a cat.

Awards and recognition

The name of the main character of the PC game Daikatana, Hiro Miyamoto, is an homage to Miyamoto.

The character Gary Oak from the Pokémon anime series is named Shigeru in Japan and is the rival of Ash Ketchum (called Satoshi in Japan). Pokémon creator Satoshi Tajiri was mentored by Shigeru Miyamoto.

In 1998, Miyamoto was honored as the first inductee into the Academy of Interactive Arts and Sciences' Hall of Fame.

In 2006, Miyamoto was made a Chevalier (knight) of the French Ordre des Arts et des Lettres by the French Minister of Culture Renaud Donnedieu de Vabres.

On November 28, 2006, Miyamoto was featured in TIME Asia's "60 Years of Asian Heroes," alongside Hayao Miyazaki, Mahatma Gandhi, Mother Teresa, Bruce Lee and the Dalai Lama. He was later chosen as one of Time Magazine's 100 Most Influential People of the Year in both 2007 and also in 2008, in which he topped the list with a total vote of 1,766,424.

At the Game Developers Choice Awards, on March 7, 2007, Miyamoto received the Lifetime Achievement Award "for a career that spans the creation of Donkey Kong, Super Mario Bros. and The Legend of Zelda to the company's recent revolutionary systems, Nintendo DS and Wii."

Both GameTrailers and IGN placed Miyamoto first on their lists for the "Top Ten Game Creators" and the "Top 100 Game Creators of All Time" respectively.

In a survey of game developers by industry publication Develop, 30% of the developers chose Miyamoto as their "Ultimate Development Hero". Miyamoto has been interviewed by companies and organizations such as CNN's Talk Asia and

Selected Gameography

See also


External links

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