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Shimabara Castle
The was a feudal domain of Edo period Japanmarker, located in Hizen Province, Kyūshūmarker, occupying most of Shimabara Peninsulamarker.

History

The Arima clan, who were Kirishitan daimyō, ruled over Shimabara Domain in the late Muromachi period from Hinoe Castle and Hara Castle. After the start of the national isolation policy, the Tokugawa Bakufu banned Christianity from 1614 and replaced Arima Naozumi with Matsukura Shigemasa. Matsukura, who strictly enforced the prohibition against Christianity with mass executions, also severely raised taxes to pay for the construction of his new Shimabara Castlemarker from 1618-1624. This oppression of the peasants was a major factor leading to the Shimabara Rebellion.;

After the rebellion was suppressed, the domain was given to the Kōriki clan. It then passedto the Fukōzu-Matsudaira family, who ruled it from 1668 until 1871 (with a brief hiatus from 1747-1774).

In the Bakumatsu period, Matsudaira Tadachika became an influential official in the Tokugawa administration. However, the final daimyo of Shimabara, Matsudaira Tadakazu pledged Shimabara domain in support of Emperor Meiji in the Boshin War, proved his loyalty by committing his troops to the northern campaign against the Ōuetsu Reppan Dōmei, fighting at Akita and Morioka.

List of daimyo

Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank Revenue
1 1600-1612 Shūri-daiyū (修理大夫) Lower 5th (従五位下) 40,000 koku
2 1612-1614 Saiemonfu (左衛門佐) Lower 5th (従五位下) 40,000 koku




Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank Revenue
1 1616-1630 Bungo-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 40,000 koku
2 1630-1638 Nagato-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 40,000 koku


Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank Revenue
1 1638-1655 Sakontaiyu (左近大夫) Lower 5th (従五位下) 40,000 koku
2 1655-1668 Sakontaiyu (左近大夫) Lower 5th (従五位下) 40,000 koku


Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank Revenue
1 1669-1698 Tonomori-no-tsukasa (主殿頭) Lower 4th (従四位下) 65,000 koku
2 1698-1735 Tonomori-no-tsukasa (主殿頭) Lower 4th (従四位下) 65,000 koku
3 1735-1738 Tonomori-no-tsukasa (主殿頭) Lower 5th (従五位下) 65,000 koku
4 1738-1749 Tonomori-no-tsukasa (主殿頭) Lower 4th (従四位下) 65,000 koku
5 1749 Tonomori-no-tsukasa (主殿頭) Lower 4th (従四位下) 65,000 koku


Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank Revenue
1 1749-1754 Hyuga-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 77,000 koku
2 1754-1774 Iki-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 77,000 koku


Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank Revenue
1 1774-1792 Yamato-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 65,000 koku
2 1792-1819 Tonomori-no-tsukasa (主殿頭) Lower 5th (従五位下) 65,000 koku
3 1819-1840 Tonomori-no-tsukasa (主殿頭) Lower 5th (従五位下) 65,000 koku
4 1840-1847 Tonomori-no-tsukasa (主殿頭) Lower 5th (従五位下) 65,000 koku
5 1847-1859 Tonomori-no-tsukasa (主殿頭) Lower 5th (従五位下) 65,000 koku
5 1859-1860 Tonomori-no-tsukasa (主殿頭) Lower 5th (従五位下) 65,000 koku
5 1860-1862 Tonomori-no-tsukasa (主殿頭) Lower 5th (従五位下) 65,000 koku
5 1862-1871 Tonomori-no-tsukasa (主殿頭) Lower 5th (従五位下) 65,000 koku


References

Notes




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