places which repair and build ship
These can be yachts
, military vessels,
or other cargo or
passenger ships. Dockyards are sometimes more associated with
maintenance and basing activities than shipyards, which are
sometimes associated more with initial construction. The terms are
routinely used interchangeably, in part because the evolution of
dockyards and shipyards has often caused them to change or merge
with large ship building industries include South Korea, Australia, Japan, China, Germany, Turkey, Poland and Croatia.
industry tends to be more
fragmented in Europe
than in Asia
. In European countries there are more smaller
companies, compared to the fewer, larger companies in the ship
building countries of Asia.
builders in the United
States are privately owned, the largest being Northrop Grumman, a
multi-billion dollar defense contractor.
The publicly owned
shipyards in the US are Naval
providing basing, support and repair.
Shipyards are constructed by the sea or by tidal rivers to allow
easy access for their ships. In the United Kingdom, for example, shipyards were established on the
River Thames (King Henry VIII founded yards at Woolwich and Deptford in 1512 and 1513 respectively), River Mersey, River
Tees, River Tyne,
Wear and River Clyde - the
latter growing to be the World's pre-eminent shipbuilding
Alfred Yarrow established his yard by
the Thames in London's Docklands
in the late 19th century before moving it northwards to the banks
of the Clyde at Scotstoun (1906-08). Other famous UK shipyards include the
Wolff yard in Belfast, Northern
Ireland, where the Titanic was built, and the naval dockyard at Chatham,
England on the Medway in north
The site of a large shipyard will contain many specialised crane
, dry docks
, dust-free warehouses, painting
facilities and extremely large areas for fabrication of the
After a ship's useful life is over, it makes its final voyage to a
yard, often on a beach
in South Asia
Historically shipbreaking was carried on in drydock in developed
countries, but high wages and environmental regulations have
resulted in movement of the industry to developing regions.
world's earliest dockyards were built in the Harappan port
city of Lothal circa
2400 BC in Gujarat, India.
dockyards connected to an ancient course of the Sabarmati river on the trade route between Harappan cities in Sindh and the
peninsula of Saurashtra when the surrounding Kutch
desert was a part of the Arabian Sea.
Lothal engineers accorded high priority to the creation of a
dockyard and a warehouse
to serve the
purposes of naval trade. The dock was built on the eastern flank of
the town, and is regarded by archaeologists as an engineering feat
of the highest order. It was located away from the main current of
the river to avoid silting, but provided access to ships in high
tide as well.
of the ancient Greek city of Naupactus means "shipyeard" (combination of the Greek words ναύς naus ship, boat and
πήγνυμι pêgnumi, pegnymi builder, fixer).
repuation in this field extends to the time of legend, where it is
depicted as the place where the Heraclidae built a fleet to invade the Peloponnesus.
were the first items to be manufactured in a factory, several hundred years before the Industrial Revolution, in the Venice
Arsenal, Venice, Italy.
Arsenal apparently mass produced
nearly one ship every day using pre-manufactured parts
and, at its height,
employed 16,000 people.
- Lothal in Gujarat, India circa 2400
BC to 1900 BC
- Blackwall Yard 1614 to 1987
- Shipyard Kraljevica
established on 28th of April 1729 and still operating yard
Ironworks and Shipbuilding Co. Ltd 1837 to 1912
- John Brown & Company 1851 to 1972
- Gdańsk Shipyard the birthplace of Solidarity Movement - (still a working
- Swan Hunter - (closed in April 2006 and sold to Bharati
Shipyards, India's second largest private sector
- Harland and Wolff - (still a working yard)
- Cammell Laird - (still a working
- Blohm + Voss, where the Bismarck
was constructed (still a major yard)
- Royal Naval
Dockyards in the UK (including
Woolwich, Deptford, Chatham, Portsmouth and Devonport), Gibraltar, Bombay, Bermuda, Hong
Kong and elsewhere worldwide
- Bethlehem Steel
Corporation had 15 shipyards during World War II
- Charlestown Navy Yard, later Boston Navy
Yard, Boston, Massachusetts 1800 to 1974
- Ulstein Verft, Norway, established
in 1917 (still a working yard under the Ulstein Group)
- Navy Island, Ontario, Canada - French
in 1700s, then British 1763 to War of
- Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Mare Island, California, 1854 to 1996
York Naval Shipyard (NYNSY), also known as the Brooklyn Navy Yard,
the New York
Navy Yard, and United States Navy Yard, New York 1801 to
- Philadelphia Naval Shipyard 1799 to 1995, at two locations
- San Francisco Naval Shipyard, later Hunters Point Naval Shipyard, then Treasure
Island Naval Station Hunters Point Annex, 1941 to 1994
- Potrero Point,
California, 1880s - still a working yard
- Long Beach Naval
Shipyard, 1943 to 1997
- Golden Horn
Shipyard, , Turkey, established
in 1455 - still a working yard
- Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, located on Maine-New Hampshire border; Operational: 1800 to present, making it the
oldest continuously-operating shipyard of the US Navy.
- Chantiers de l'Atlantique(Aker Yard France) - established in 1861 (still
a working yard)
- 3. Maj - One of the
largest shipyard in Mediterranean, established in 1892 in Rijeka (still a
Prominent dockyards and shipyards
Girvan shipyard, Ayrshire,
- BVT Surface
Fleet, a joint venture between BAE Systems and VT Group operates three
shipbuilding yards in the United Kingdom; Portsmouth, England and Scotstoun and Govan on the
River Clyde in Glasgow, Scotland. Major projects include the Type 45 destroyer and the Queen Elizabeth
class aircraft carriers.
- BAE Systems Submarine
Solutions operates a major shipyard at Barrow-in-Furness in Cumbria, England. It is one of the few yards in the world
capable of building nuclear
submarines such as the Royal Navy's . This division has built
surface ships in the past and will manufacture blocks of the
Queen Elizabeth class.
- Devonport Dockyard  , located in the city of Plymouth, England in the county of Devon is the
largest naval base in Western Europe.
It has 15 dry docks, four miles (6 km) of
waterfront, 25 tidal berths, five basins and covers 650 acres (2.6
km²). It is the main refitting base for Royal
Navy nuclear submarines and also handles work on frigates.
It is the
base for seven of the Trafalgar class nuclear powered hunter-killer
submarines and many frigates, exploiting its convenient access to
Ocean. It supports the Vanguard
class Trident missile nuclear
ballistic missile submarines in a custom-built refitting dock. It
houses the , a nuclear powered submarine used in the Falklands War and open to the general
public. Facilities in the local area also
include a major naval training establishment and a base for the
- Hyundai Heavy
Industries Ulsan Shipyard, in
South Korea, is currently the largest in the world and has the
capability to build a variety of vessels including Commercial
Cargo, Offshore and Naval vessels.
- Yantai_Raffles_Shipyard  is the largest offshore builder in
China located in Yantai.
predominant feature is the 20,000 ton crane Taisun, holder
of the Heavy Lift World Record. Yantai Raffles' portfolio
includes offshore platforms, pipe lay and other specialized
- Sea Your History - Website from the Royal Naval
Museum - Discover detailed information about Portsmouth Dockyard
and the Royal Navy in the 20th Century.
Shipyards - extensive collection of information about
U. S. shipyards, including over 500 pages of U. S. shipyard
- Trading Places - interactive history of European
- Shipyards United States - from
- Gold Coast
City Marina & Shipyard