Shivamogga District ( ) is a
district in the Karnataka state of India.
Shivamogga is alternatively spelt as Shimoga
. A major part of this
district lies in the Malnad region of the
Western Ghats; a region known for its
green forests, plentiful rainfall, beautiful waterfalls and also of
being the source of many rivers that flow in Karnataka. Shivamogga City is the headquarters of this district.
popular attraction of this district is the Jog Falls. It is also the district that has produced the
most number of Chief Ministers of the
state of Karnataka.
Origin of name
There are various legends of how the name Shivamogga
evolved. According to one legend, the name Shivamogga
related to the Hindu
(Face of Shiva),
(Nose of Shiva) or Shivana-Mogge
(Flowers to be offered to Shiva) can be the origins of the name
"Shivamogga". Another legend indicates that the name
is derived from the word Sihi-Moge
which means sweet pot
. According to this legend, Shivamogga once had the ashram of the
He used to boil sweet
herbs in an earthen pot. Some cowherds, found this pot and after
tasting the sweet beverage named this place
The history of the Shivamogga region is very much the history of
Karnataka itself, considering that all the great kingdoms that came
to power here have vied for control of and ruled this land of rich
resources. Prior to the beginning of the first millennium, the
Shivamogga region formed a part of the Maurya
empire. The Satavahana
then came to
control in central India and Shivamogga must have formed one of the
southern most provinces of the kingdom.
fall of the Shatavahana empire around 200 C.E., after a brief
interlude of confusion that existed, the area came under the
control of the Kadambas of Banavasi around 345
The Kadambas were the earliest kingdom to give
administrative status to Kannada
is just across the border from Shivamogga inside Uttara Kannada district.
Later the Kadambas became
feudatories of the Badami Chalukyas
Shivamogga passed into the hands of the Rashtrakutas
in the 8th century. It was only
under the Kalyani Chalukyas who overthrew the Rashtrakutas did
Shivamogga come into prominence in Southern India. Balligavi in
Shivamogga district had its greatest and grandest time during there
rule. Later in the 12th. century with the weakening of the Kalyani
Chalukyas the Hoysalas
annexed this area.
Shivamogga continued to play an important role in the development
of Kannada culture and arts during this time. After the fall of the
Hoysalas to the invasion of the Khilji dynasty around 1343 C.E. the
entire region came under the Vijayanagar Empire
without any bloodshed.
kings of the Vijayanagar empire
find their roots in this region. After the defeat of Vijayanagar
empire in 1565 C.E. in the battle of Tallikota, Shivamogga had one
more last surprise in that the local Keladi Nayakas
who were originally feudatory
of the Vijayanagar empire took control, declared sovereignty and
ruled mostly as an independent kingdom for about two centuries,
often waging wars with the Mysore
, the Sultans of Bijapur
and finally the Maratha
. In 1763 they were finally absorbed into the
Kingdom of Mysore
and remained a
part of it till independence from the British.
district is a part of the Malnad region of
Karnataka and is also known as the "Gateway to Malnad" or
Malenaada Hebbagilu in Kannada. Located in the central part of Karnataka state, Shivamogga district is landlocked, i.e.
neither does it have a coastline, nor does it border any other
state of India.
bounded by Haveri
District to the
District to the east, Chikmagalur District to the southeast, Udupi District to the southwest, and Uttara Kannada to the northwest.
Map of Karnataka with Shivamogga
Ranking 9th in terms of the total area among the districts of
Karnataka, Shivamogga district is spread over an area of
Shivamogga lies between the latitudes 13o
39' N and between the longitudes 74o
04' E at a mean altitude of 640 metres above sea
level. The peak of the hill Kodachadri at an altitude of 1343 metres above sea level is
the highest point in this district.
The Western Ghats
range and the numerous rivers that
originate there provide Shivamogga with abundant natural beauty.
The numerous lakes, ponds and water bodies make the land very
suitable for agriculture
. Shivamogga is
called the rice bowl of Karnataka.
Shivamogga district is the origin of the rivers Kali
, Gangavathi, Sharavathi
and Tadadi. But the two major
rivers that flow through this district are Tunga and Bhadra which meet at a place called Koodli near Shivamogga
city and flow together as Tungabhadra.
Shivamogga district being a part of the Malnad
region receives good monsoon
rainfall; the months from June to October
being the rainy season. In the years 1901-1970, it received an
average annual rainfall of 1813.9 mm with an average of 86 days in
the year being rainy days.
The average annual temperature of Shivamogga District is around
C. The average temperature has increased
substantially over the years and the trend can be viewed here
In some regions of Shivamogga district, the day temperature can
really soar to about 40o
C during summers, leading to
water crisis and other problems.
The major soil forms found in the Shivamogga district are Red
gravelly clay soil
, Red clay soil
gravelly clay soil
, Lateritic clay soil
deep black soil
, Non-saline and saline Alluvo-Colluvial
and Brown forest soil
Major minerals found in this district are Limestone
, White Quartz
and animal husbandry
are the major contributors
to the economy of Shivamogga district. Rice
major crops cultivated in this district. Karnataka is the largest
producer of arecanut
in India, majority of
which is cultivated in the Shimoga district. The farmers from
Shimoga are said to be very innovative and have managed to
cultivate crops like Vanilla and Jatropha previously unheard of in India; yielding
high monetary benefits.
Agro-based, Automobile-based and Engineering are the major
industries present in Shivamogga district. Maximum investment has
been made in the Food
sector followed by Engineering
goods sector. To encourage rural industry, rural youth are being
imparted training in tailoring
, motor winding, hand pump repair and
other areas. Other rural industries in this district are related to
, beekeeping, stone cutting,
sticks) and sandalwood
Karnataka Government has created the following Industrial regions
to encourage industrialisation of the district:
- Nidige Industrial Area, Nidige, Bhadravathi Taluk
- Mandli-Kallur Industrial Area, Shivamogga
- Shivamogga Industrial Estate, Shivamogga
- Kallahalli Industrial Estate, Shivamogga
Major industries located in Shivamogga district are:
- Visvesvaraya Iron and Steel
Limited (VISL), Bhadravathi: Started under the able guidance of Sir M Vishweshwaraya, VISL
(earlier known as Mysore Iron and Steel plant) has been a
pioneer in production of high quality alloy and special steels and pig iron. VISL has an installed
capacity of 77,000 tonnes of alloy and special steels and 205,000
tonnes of hot metal. This steel plant now belongs to The Steel Authority of
Mysore Paper Mills Limited (MPM), Bhadravathi: The Mysore Paper Mills Limited is an ISO 14001
Company engaged in the manufacture and marketing of Newsprint,
Writing, Printing and Packing Paper of different varieties and
Sugar at its plant at Bhadravati, Shimoga District with production
capacity of 75000 MTA (Metric Tonne per Annum) of Newsprint, 30000
MTA of Writing, Printing and Packing Paper and 2500 TCD (Tonne
Crushings per Day) of Sugar
Shivamogga district is divided into 2 Sub-divisions and 7 Taluks
. The Sagar Sub-division
comprises the taluks of Sagar, Shikaripura, Sorab and Hosanagara while the Shivamogga Sub-division comprises the taluks of Shivamogga, Bhadravathi and Thirthahalli.
The Shivamogga district administration is headed by the Deputy Commissioner
who also has the
additional role of a District Magistrate
, Shirastedars (revenue official
level), Revenue inspectors and
Village Accountants help the Deputy
in the administration of the district.
Shivamogga city is the headquarters of the district.
lies in the south-eastern part of the district. The city is spread
over an area of 50 km² and has a population of 274,352, in
which 140,224 (51.11%) are males and 134,128 (48.89%) are females.
It has a high literacy rate of 83.79%. The city rose into
prominence recently when the 73rd All-India Kannada Sahitya Sammelan
was held here in the month of December-2006.
Shivamogga elects 1 person to the Lok
, the Lower House of the Indian Parliament. The Shivamogga Lok
Sabha constituency comprises the entire Shivamogga district and
also covers parts of Nalluru and Ubrani hoblis
taluk of Davangere district.
As of 2005 it had 1,286,181 voters, of whom
and Scheduled Tribes
account for 2.2 lakhs,
for two lakhs, Deevaru (Idiga
) for 1.8 lakh, Muslims
for 1.6 lakh, and Brahmins
for 1.25 lakh each.
Shivamogga also elects 7 people to the Legislative Assembly of the
state of Karnataka. The Assembly constituencies in Shivamogga
district are: Shivamogga, Shivamogga Rural,
Bhadravathi, Sorab, Shikaripura, Thirthahalli, Sagar.
Shivamogga has a total road length of 6632 km. of which
222 km. belong to the National
and 402 km. belong to State Highways.
- National Highways: Shivamogga has two National Highways passing
- State Highways: Shivamogga has three State Highways passing
The rail network in Shivamogga district can be divided among two
distinct railway lines that are present in it:
broad gauge Line: This Broad Gauge (standard gauge used by Indian Railways) line starts from the
district's border with Chikkamagaluru and runs through the Bhadravathi station to end at Shivamogga station. Numerous trains run from Bangalore and Mysore to Shivamogga on this line. Unfortunately, the
broad gauge line ends to Shivamogga. This is the only Broad Gauge line in this
district and serves only the Bhadravathi and Shivamogga Taluks. Other Taluks are still to reap the
benefits of rail connectivity.
meter gauge Line: This is the older
gauge line used by Indian Railways.
runs from Shivamogga Station; passes through the town of Sagar and ends at Talguppa station, just 12 km from
the famous Jog
Falls. This line was laid by the British in the year 1938, to serve a dual purpose of
transporting wooden logs from Malnad forests
and also providing access to the falls. Numerous celebrities
have travelled on this line to catch a glimpse of the falls. The
train that runs now on this track has a heritage associated with
it. It consists of only 2 bogies and is in the form of a railbus. It is not a very popular way to reach the
falls since it takes around 4 hours to reach Talguppa from Shimoga where as it takes just over an hour to cover the
same distance by road. There is a proposal to convert this
line into Broad Gauge and finally connect it to the Konkan Railway.
An Airport is under construction in sogane 6km from Shivamogga
city. Airports at Bangalore, Mangalore and Hubli can be used
for reaching places in the Shivamogga district.
According to 2001 census, the total population of the district is
1642545, of which 830559(50.56%) are males and 811986 (49.44%) are
females. The urban population is 571010 (34.76%) and rural
population is 1069132 (65.24%). Shivamogga Taluk has the highest population with Hosanagara Taluk having the least population.
literacy rate in the district is 74.86% (82.32% of males and 67.24%
of females are literate). Thirthahalli Taluk has the highest literacy rate (78.27%) while
Shikaripura Taluk has the lowest literacy rate (69.59%).
The district has a sex-ratio of 977 females to 1000 males.
Hosanagara and Thirthahalli Taluks have more females than males and hence have
a sex-ratio greater than 1000. Shivamogga Taluk having 961 females to 1000 males has the
constitute 85.45% of the population
making up 12.25% of the
population; the remaining part of the population is made up by
and other religious groups. Kannada
is the dominant language in this district
taking the second place.
Some of the unique ethnic groups found in Shivamogga district are:
Shivamogga district is considered as the heartland of Kannada language
and culture. The cultural
importance of Shivamogga was further highlighted when the All India Kannada Sahitya
was held here in Dec-2006. This event held by the
Kannada Sahitya Parishat
was chaired by the famous Kannada poet and writer K S Nisar Ahmed
Poetry and literature
Shivamogga has contributed the following highly regarded scholars
to the Kannada culture:
Any description of the culture in Shivamogga district would be
incomplete without the mention of the cultural organisation called
Nilakanteshwara Natya Seva Sangha
, better known as
. Located in a tiny
village called Heggodu in Sagar Taluk,
NINASAM has made tremendous contribution to
the Kannada drama and culture.
NINASAM was the result of an
experiment by the renowned dramatist, K V
where he started to screen classical films and hold
dramas at Heggodu. Slowly, this became popular and attracted lot of
people from all over Karnataka. This popularity prompted the
foundation to provide a grant for a rural
film and drama project called as Janaspandana
, in which
similar drama/film festivals and courses were held in other regions
of Karnataka. An estimated 200,000 people were exposed to the best
of cinema and around 5000 people attended the courses. The
Ninasam Theatre Institute
started in 1980, offers a
10-month long diploma course in theatre. Another cultural troupe
related to NINASAM is Tiruguta
(started in 1985 and means
in Kannada) where three major productions
are taken around Karnataka and shown to the public. For his efforts
in promoting Kannada culture, K V Subbanna won the Magsaysay Award
Shivamogga district is the home of Gudigars. Gudigars are a clan of
craftsmen who specialise in carving intricate designs on objects
. They are concentrated
in the Sagar and Sorab
They make exquisite items by making use of simple
tools like knives, screw drivers, drills and saws. The articles
made by them are sold at Government emporiums. The most well known
sculptor from this clan is Ashok Gudigar who was born in Sagar.
Ashok has experimented with various media
such as clay
, red sandstone
. At the age of 21, he won the
award for his sculpture
titled Chalukyan style Ganesha in Shivahonne wood
. He also
won the National award in the year 1992 at the age of 27 for his
work - Hoysala styled Venugopala in Shivahonne wood
are some of the dance forms which are
prevalent in this district
Majority of the theatres in this district run Kannada
movies in certain areas in this
Shivamogga district rose into limelight,
when Agumbe in Thirthahalli Taluk was chosen as the location to shoot the
tele-serial Malgudi Days based on a
famous novel written by R K
This serial was directed by the famous Kannada
actor and director, Shankar Nag
Some of the noted cinema personalities born in Shivamogga district
- Girish Kasaravalli: A
well-known film director who has won more Swarna Kamal awards for
Kannada classic movies than any other living film director in
India, thus enriching Kannnda film industry and Kannada culture in
general. He was born in a village called Kesalur in Thirthahalli Taluk.
- P. Lankesh:
Born in a village called Konaganahalli in Shivamogga district, P
Lankesh is famous for being the editor of the controversial
tabloid, Lankesh Patrike. He was
also a renowned film director who won the national award for the
best direction for his very first film Pallavi in the year
Rice is the staple food for majority of the people in Shivamogga
district. The cuisine in this district is very similar
to the Udupi
The cuisine in the Malnad
Shivamogga district includes items like midigayi-uppinakai
(tender-mango pickle), sandige
(similar to pappadum
people have their own cuisine consisting of
such varied items like genesale
(sweet made of jaggery
, rice and coconut), thotadevvu
(sweet made of rice and sugarcane juice) and thambli
preparation containing other ingredients
like ginger, turmeric
Flora and fauna
Being part of the richly forested Malnad
region, Shivamogga district is the home of various species of flora
and fauna. Some of these regions have been protected and classified
as wildlife sanctuaries to ensure the progress of these species:
- Gudavi Bird Sanctuary: This
is located in Sorab
Taluk. Spread over an area of 0.74 km², it comprises a
large water tank covering 0.30 ha and a patch of dense moist
- Flora: Species of flora found here are Vitex leucoxylon, Phyllanthus polyphyllus, Terminalia bellerica, Terminalia paniculata, Terminalia chebula, Lagerstroemia lanceolata, Dalbergia latifolia, Adina cprdifolia, Xylia
xylocarpa, Caryota urens, Ficus bengalensis, Ficus
religiosa, Butea monosperma, Santalum album, Diospyros melanoxylon, Madhuca indica and Kirangamelia reticulata.
- Fauna: 191 species have been recorded here, of which
63 are water-dependent. 20 species are known to breed here. Water
birds in the sanctuary include the white
ibis, darter, little cormorant, Indian shag, cattle egret, little
egret, large egret, spoonbill, grey heron,
purple heron, pond heron, night
heron, coot, pheasant-tailed jacana, purple swamphen, common sandpiper, little ringed plover, little grebe and cotton teal. An average of about 8000 white ibis is known to
visit this sanctuary every year.
- Sharavathi Valley Wildlife
Sanctuary: This is located in Sagar
Taluk. It has evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
with its Easter portion adjoining the Linganamakki reservoir.
- Flora: The species found here are Dipterocarpus indicus, Calophyllum tomentosum and Machilus macrantha, Caryota
urens, Aporosa lindleyana, Calycoteris
floribunda, Gnetum scandens, Entada scandens, Acacia
consinna and Acacia intia. In the
semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests, common species include
Lagerstroemia lanceolata, Hopea parviflora, Dalbergia
latifolia, Dillenia pentagyna, Careya arborea, Emblica officinalis, Randia sp., Terminalia
sp. and Vitex altissima.
- Fauna: The main animals here are gaurs and groups of lion-tailed macaque. Other mammals
include tiger, leopard (black panther), wild dog, jackal, sloth bear, spotted
deer, sambar deer, barking deer, mouse
deer, wild pig, common langur, bonnet macaque, Malabar giant squirrel, giant flying squirrel, porcupine, otters and
pangolins. Reptiles include king cobra, python,
rat snake, crocodile and monitor
lizard. Avian species found here are three species of hornbill, Asian Paradise-flycatcher,
Racket-tailed Drongo, Blue-throated Barbet and lories and lorikeets.
- Shettihalli Wildlife Sanctuary: It lies
adjacent to Shimoga town and has forests ranging from dry deciduous
to semi-evergreen and is spread over an area of 395.6 km².
- Flora: Trees of the dry deciduous parts include
Terminalia tomentosa, Terminalia bellerica, Gmelina arborea, Tectona grandis, Anogeissus latifolia, Lagerstroemia lanceolata, Wrightia tinctoria, Cassia fistula and Emblica officinalis. In the moist
deciduous forest, species such as Adina
cordifolia, Xylia xylocarpa, Grewia
tilaefolia and Kydia Calycina are found. Bamboos, Dendrocalamus strictus and Bambusa arundinacea, are also typical of these
forests. The semi-evergreen forests are represented by species of
Dipterocarpus, Michelia, Hopea, Schleichera and Bambusa.
Plantations of Acacia
auriculiformis, Tectona grandis
and Grevillea robusta exist in the
- Fauna: Mammals in the sanctuary include tiger,
leopard, wild dog, jackal, gaur, elephant,
sloth bear, sambar
deer, spotted deer, wild pig, common
langur, bonnet macaque, common
mongoose, porcupine, Malabar giant
squirrel, giant flying squirrel
and pangolin. Python, cobra, king cobra,
rat snake and marsh crocodile are among the reptiles found in the
sanctuary. Birds include hornbills,
kingfishers, bulbuls, parakeets, doves,
pigeons, kingfishers, babblers, flycatchers,
munias, swallows, woodpeckers, peafowl, jungle
fowl and partridges. A tiger and lion
safari at a place called Tyavarekoppa was created in the
north eastern part of the sanctuary in the year 1988.
- Bhadra Wildlife
Sanctuary was started in 1951 as Jagara Valley Game
Sanctuary covering an area of about 252 km². It was combined with
the surrounding Lakkavalli forests in the year 1972 and given its
present name of Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary. It now spans an area of
492 km². It has two component areas Muthodi and Lakkavalli. Some of
the wild animals found in this sanctuary are tiger, leopard, wild dog, jackal, elephant,
gaur, sloth bear, sambar deer, spotted deer, monitor
lizard, barking deer, wild boar, common langur,
bonnet macaque, slender loris and the Malabar giant squirrel. Some of the
bird species found here are shama, Malabar whistling thrush, various
species of bulbuls, woodpeckers, hornbills
and pigeons, drongos and Asian paradise flycatcher. The
sanctuary has been recently adopted under a tiger-conservation
project called 'Project Tiger' which
is an initiative from the Indian Government. Best season to visit
is from October to February.
- Mandagadde Bird Sanctuary
is located on the NH-13 at a distance of 30 km. from Shivamogga town on the way to Thirthahalli. This is a small island surrounded by
Tunga river and the birds found here are
median egret, cormorant, darter and
- Tyavarekoppa Lion Safari
lies about 10 km. from Shivamogga town on the way to Sagar.
Lions, tigers and deer are housed here in an enclosed area and a
safari is organised.
- Sakrebailu Elephant Camp
lies 14 km. from Shivamogga town on the way to Thirthahalli. As the name suggests, this is a training
camp where elephants undergo training from mahouts.
Shivamogga district is a major centre for
education in the state of Karnataka.
A relatively high literacy rate of 74.86%
is testimony to the fact. There are various institutions offering
education in this district which are briefly detailed in the
University, near the Bhadra
river project is the premier institution catering to the
needs of higher education in this district.
It is named
after the renowned Kannada poet and writer, Kuvempu
. Apart from Shivamogga district, Kuvempu
University has jurisdiction over the districts of Chitradurga, Chikkamagaluru and Davangere.
There are 124 degree colleges affiliated to
Kuvempu University; in addition to four Constituent Colleges,
administered by the University. Graduate
teaching programmes exist under
the faculties of Arts, Commerce, Education, Engineering, Science
and Technology, and Law.
Shimoga Institute of Medical Sciences, a modern medical college,
was established in 2007 and located in Shivamogga City.
two Ayurvedic colleges, one being Bapuji
Ayurvedic Medical College located in Shivamogga city and the other
being T.A.M.E Society's Ayurvedic College located in Kavalgundi,
Both offer degree courses in B.A.M.S
(Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicene and Surgery).
The dental college, Sharavathi Dental College, is located in
There are 31 colleges in Shivamogga district offering graduation
There are 68 colleges in Shivamogga district offering
under-graduate (pre-university) education. Notable among these are
the DVS PU (Independent) College and DVS PU Composite college whose
alumni have bagged many ranks in the Pre-University and Engineering
Primary and secondary education
There are 1147 schools offering Primary Education and 313
High-Schools offering Secondary Education in the Shivamogga
district. Many primary and secondary schools hav provided excellent
results and the district ranks in the top 10 of Karnataka. Recently
a few notable CBSE affiliated private schools of high calibre have
opened too. Jawahar Navodaya and Morarji Desai Schools are located
near Shivamogga at Gajanur. One of the notable private school is
Jnanadeepa School located at Javalli near Shimoga started by the
eminent educationalist and former DVS principal V Devendra.
Some of the common sports being played by the people in Shivamogga
district include cricket
. The major national sports
event held in this district was the 18th Junior National Athletic
Championship which was held in Shivamogga in the year 2003.
cricket is the most favourite sport in this
district as it is with the rest of India.
Shivamogga district has offered one of the
best batsmen ever to play Indian cricket, Gundappa Viswanath who was born in
Even roads turn into cricket pitches where
the boys play their own version of the cricket with own set of
rules, commonly called as galli cricket
. No international
cricket matches have ever been staged in Shivamogga district;
though the district has played host to Ranji Trophy
matches, which is the premier
national level cricket tournament in India. The following stadiums
here have hosted Ranji Trophy
- Nehru Stadium, Shivamogga
Cricket Stadium, Bhadravathi
Some unique outdoor games like kho kho
, 'goli'(marbles), 'kunte bille' and 'lagori
' find more favour in the rural areas of the
district. Board games like carrom
and channe mane
are also played
compare 12th century Balligavi in Shikaripura taluk to Lord Indra's Amaravathi or Lord Kubera's Alakavathi.
Balligave was the centre
of learning, secular arts, commerce and sculpture. The town had
thirteen education centers, fifty four temples of which only a few
survive today, twelve Jain
and many majestic
palaces, lakes, wide roads and a population of about sixty
thousand. Archaeological evidence points to existence of Balligavi
as early as the Shatavahanas. Balligavi was the center of many
religions like Shaiva
and Vaishnava Hinduism
Brahmi, Shaktha, Jainism
Kedareshwar temple (1060 C.E.) in Chalukya-Hoysala style,
Tripurantkeswar temple (1070 C.E.),
Gandabherundeswar temple (1070 C.E.) in later Chalukya
style in Balligavi and the Aghoreshwara temple at
and the Rameshwara temple at Keladi
both built in the 17th. century by the Keladi Nayakas are silent reminders of a
The Nayakas have used a variety of styles
from predecessor kingdoms like the late Kadambas, Hoysala and even
dravida styles. Balligavi was also the native place of
Shantaladevi, queen of Hoysala Vishnuvardhana
. Many sculptors who worked for
the Hoysalas to build the famous temples at Belur and Halebid came
from here including Dasoja, Malloja, Nadoja, Siddoja. During the
contributed great Vachanakaras
like Allama Prabhu
who was born here and other like
, Animishayya and
Mukthayakka who were also associated with this place.
Falls: This is the 11th highest waterfall in India and
ranks 313 in the list of highest waterfalls in the world.
With a total height of 253 mts; this is where the river Sharavathi
falls into a deep gorge in four distinct flows of water which are
termed as Raja, Rani, Rover and Rocket. Jog Falls lies in
Sagar Taluk and is
30 km. from the town of Sagar.
- Kunchikal Falls: Having a height of 455 mts, Kunchikal
Falls is the highest waterfall in India and ranks
116 in the list of highest waterfalls in the world.
waterfall is located near Agumbe and is
formed by the Varahi river. The
hydropower is used for the production of
- Barkana Falls:
Located near Agumbe and
80 km. from Thirthahalli town, Barkana Falls is the 10th highest waterfall
in India and ranks 308 in the list of highest waterfalls in the
- Achakanya Falls: This is near a place called
Aralsuruli, 10 km from the town of Thirthahalli on the way to Hosanagara. This is also formed by the Sharavathi river.
- Vanake-Abbey Falls: In the heart of Malnad forests, this waterfall is located 4 km.
- Hidlamane Falls: A significant amount of
trekking takes one to these falls located near Nittur in Hosanagara Taluk.
Falls: This waterfall is located near a place called Hosagadde in
taluk. On the road from Sagar to Bhatkal, Hosagadde lies at a distance of about 20 km
from the town of Kargal.
From Hosagadde a walk of 6-8 km into the forest, leads one to
- Linganamakki dam: This dam is built across the Sharavathi river and is located 6 km. from
Falls. It is also the location of the Mahatma Gandhi Hydro-electric project which
has a power generating capacity of 55 MW. Water which is
released from this dam flows into the Jog Falls. The best sight of the Jog Falls is in the monsoon season when excess water is
released from this dam.
- Gajanur dam: This dam is built across the river Tunga in a village called Gajanur, 12 km from
Shimoga city on the National Highway NH-13 (the road that
goes to Thirthahalli).
River sources and confluences
- Koodli: Located
16 km. from the Shivamogga city, Koodli is the place where the two rivers,
Tunga and Bhadra
join and become Tungabhadra river, one of the largest tributaries of the river
Krishna. Koodli also contains
two temples of the Hoysala era, one
dedicated to the Hindu God, Rameshwara and the other to Narasimha. An inscription in the temple indicates
that in the year 1313, the Hoysala king, Veera Ballala III provided
grants to the temple. Koodli also contains a religious institution
called Koodli Matth, which propagates philosophy of Shankara.
- Varadamoola: Located 6 km. from
Varadamoola is the source of the river Varada. Varada flows through
the town of Banavasi before joining Tungabhadra.
Hill stations and beyond
- Agumbe west of
Shivamogga city is at a distance of 90 km. The altitude
here is 826 meters, and the place is famous for its enchanting
Sunsets. As the Sun sets, it takes on different colours and this is
reflected by the Arabian sea.
- Kavaledurga is a magnificent fort located on a hill at an
altitude of .
- Kodachadri Hills is 115 km. from Shivamogga city.
At an altitude of This hill station provides great views of the
forests of the western ghats in
Shivamogga and Dakshina Kannada
districts. This good weekend getaway is only now being discovered
by those other than hardy trekkers.
- Kundadri has unique rock formations and has good views
- Chibbalagudde, Thirthahalli, very calm, nice place which is in
bank of Tunga river, Siddivinayaka temple.
History and religion
- Shivamogga fort is mostly in ruins but a well renovated Hoysala
temple of Seetharamanjaneya is worth visiting. Its one of
the oldest hanuman temple in the world.
- Shivappa Nayaka Palace and Museum is located right in the city
of Shivamogga itself. The palace built by the 17th. century ruler
Shivappa Nayaka contains many interesting pieces of sculpture and
artifacts from that period.
- Government Museum in the city contains many ancient coins,
manuscripts and inscriptions for the historically inclined.
- Bhadravathi town is called "steel town" for its steel
industries. The Lakshminarasimha temple of 13th.
century Hoysala style is worth a visit.
- Chandragutti in Soraba taluk is a short distance from
Balligavi. The fort built by Banavasi Kadambas and the
Renukamba temple are the places to see.
- Humcha is a Jain pilgrimage place with 10th and 11th century
Panchakuta basadi, Padmavathi temple and Jain Math which
are worth visiting.
- Church of the Sacred Heart is in the city
itself and is the second largest in India
- Kubetoor has several Kalyani Chalukyan temples. The
Kedareshvara temple is the best.
- Nagara was the last capital of the Keladi Kings. The Hyder Ali
tank, Neelakanteshwara and Venkataramana temple
are of interest here.
- Sagara and Soraba are famous for their wood carvings and
handicrafts. They have a long history of the art.
- Talagunda is an important place in terms of archaeology. This place has several
ancient temples and has unveiled very important inscriptions
including the famous 450 C.E. "Talagunda inscription" of
Shantivarman, an early Kadamba king. The inscription is in Prakrit language and has given historians very
useful information about the Kadamba Kingdom and its history.
- Uduthadi, birth place of Virashaiva saints Akka Mahadevi and Vaitagyanidhi.
- See Flora
and fauna section above
Image:Keladi Rameshwara gandaberunda.JPG|
Gandaberunda roof sculpture,
Rameshwara temple, Keladi,
Image:Tripurantakesvara Temple Open
Mantapa at Balligavi.jpg| Tripurantakesvara temple, Balligavi,
Shivamogga DistrictImage:Granite pillars in hall (mantapa) of
Aghoreshwara Temple in Ikkeri.jpg| Aghoreshwara temple mantapa,
- The etymology and history of Shivamogga is discussed in the
webpage developed by
- The Geography of Shivamogga district is described in a webpage
- Statistics related to Shivamogga district is described in a
webpage designed by
- Soaring temperatures in Shimoga causing problems, as reported
- Soil distribution in Karnataka state is discussed in a webpage
- Minerals found in Shimoga district are mentioned by the
- Economy of Shimoga district is discussed by
- Vanilla and Jathropa cultivation in Shimoga district, as
- The population and area of Shivamogga city has been mentioned
in the webpage Population of Corporation/CMC/TMC/TPbelonging to the
Municipal Administration Department of the Government of
- Details regarding the Shimoga Lok Sabha constituency is
- Transport related statistics are mentioned by
- Heritage associated with the Talguppa Line is discussed by
- Proposal to construct an airport in Shivamogga city is reported
- Data related to the 2001 Census is provided in detail in the
website of the Census department of India in this webpage
- Data related to the 2001 Census; classified according to
religion is provided in detail in the website of the Census
department of India in this webpage
- An article on NINASAM presented by
- Description of Gudigars is given in this webpage: The Gudigars of Kanara
- An article on Ashok Gudigar has been presented by
- Flora and Fauna present in the wildlife sanctuaries of
Karnataka are mentioned in the webpage:
- Education details in Shimoga district is discussed by
- Ranks bagged by Under-graduate colleges in Shimoga are
- Ranks bagged by Under-graduate colleges in Shivamogga are
- The list of the highest waterfalls in the India is present in
the webpage: Highest Waterfalls in India