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Shlomo Avineri (Hebrew: שלמה אבינרי) (born in Bielskomarker, Polandmarker 1933) is an Israelimarker political scientist. He is Professor of Political Science at the Hebrew Universitymarker of Jerusalemmarker. He also serves as Recurring Visiting Professor at the Central European Universitymarker in Budapestmarker and Fellow of the Centrum für Angewandte Politikforschung in Munichmarker.


Avineri has written extensively in the history of political philosophy, especially on the political thought of Marx, Hegel, and on the early Zionist political theories of Moses Hess and Theodor Herzl. He has also written numerous books and articles on Middle Eastern affairs and international affairs.

Avineri contributed in revising Hegel's political thought, showing Hegel's pluralism. He criticized Karl Popper's theories about Hegel, where Popper denounced Hegel as an apologist of state power and precursor of 20th century totalitarianism.

Avineri was also involved in the debate over the collapse of the Soviet Union. He argued that it was the pre-capitalist structure of 1917 Russiamarker, as well as the strong authoritarian traditions of the Russian state and its weak civil society, which pushed the Soviet revolution towards its repressive development.

His recent intellectual biography of Herzl shows how developments in his native Austro-Hungarian Empire, rather than the Dreyfus Affair in France, convinced Herzl of the failure of Jewish emancipation in Europe and of the need to find a political solution for the Jews, based on national self-determination, outside of Europe.

Positions held

He served as Director of Eshkol Research Institute (1971-74); Dean of Faculty of Social Sciences (1974-76); Director-General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1976-77); and Director of the Institute for European Studies at the Hebrew University(1997-2002).

Avineri has had numerous visiting appointments including Yale Universitymarker, Wesleyan Universitymarker, Australian National Universitymarker, Cornell Universitymarker, University of California, Queen's College , Northwestern Universitymarker, Cardozo School of Law, and Oxfordmarker and, most recently, the University of Torontomarker. He has been a visiting scholar at the Wilson Centermarker, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and Brookings Institute in Washington, DC and at the Institute of World Economics and International Relations in Moscow. He is currently Recurring Visiting Professor at the Central European University in Budapest.

Avineri served as Director-General of Israel's Ministry of Foreign Affairs from 1975-77. He also headed the Israeli delegation to the UNESCOmarker General Assembly and in 1979 he was a member of the joint Egyptian-Israeli commission that negotiated the Cultural and Scientific Agreement between the two countries.

Honors and awards

Avineri is the recipient of many honors and awards including:
  • A British Council Scholarship (1961);
  • The Rubin Prize in the Social Sciences (1968).
  • The Naphtali Prize for the study of Hegel (1977).
  • The Present Tense Award for the Study of Zionism (1982).
  • The Israel Prize (1996), for political science.
  • In 2006, he received the Israel Political Science Association Award for his contribution to the discipline in Israel and abroad.
  • He holds a Ph.D. Honoris Causa from the University of Cluj-Napoca (Romaniamarker).
  • In 2009, he received the Italian Solidarity Order of Merit (O.S.S.I), with the rank of "Commendatore", from Italian President Giorgio Napolitano

Selected publications

  • The Social and Political Thought of Karl Marx (1968)
  • Hegel's Theory of the Modern State (1972)
  • The Making of Modern Zionism (1981)
  • Moses Hess: Prophet of Communism and Zionism (1985).
  • Karl Marx on Colonialism and Modernization
  • Israel and the Palestinians
  • Marx' Socialism
  • Varieties of Marxism
  • Arlosoroff: A Political Biography
  • Communitarianism and Individualism (co-editor with Avner de Shalit)
  • Europe's Century of Discontent (co-editor)
  • Moses Hess: The Holy History of Mankind & Other Writings
  • "Herzl - An Intellectual Biography" (in Hebrew)

editor and translator

  • Historical introduction to the Hebrew edition of Theodore Herzl's Diaries
  • Avineri also translated Karl Marx's Early Writings into Hebrew.


External links

See also

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