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Sho't Kal Alef
Sho't (meaning "Whip" in Hebrew) is the Israelimarker designation of the 105 mm L7 armed Centurion tank, which entered Israeli service in 1970.

Combat history

Though the Sho't tank was not commonly perceived as a principal battle tank during the Six Day War (1967), nor the Yom Kippur war (1973); it was in fact considered the Israeli Army's most effective tank. During the invasion of the Syrian army into the Golan Heights during the Yom Kippur war, two damaged Centurion/Sho’t tanks engaged approximately 150 Syrian T-55/T-62 tanks. In the course of the following 30 hour tank battle, the two tanks knocked out over 60 tanks. The destruction of this entire armored division forced the Syrian army to halt their advance.

Versions

  • Sho't Meteor: Centurion tanks with the original Rolls-Royce Meteor engine.
  • Sho't Kal Alef/Bet/Gimel/Dalet: modernised Centurion tanks with a new powerpack (the Continental AVDS-1790-2A diesel engine and the Allison CD850-6 transmission). Entered service in 1970; by 1974 all Israeli Centurions were upgraded to Sho't Kal. Subvariants indicate upgrades received by Sho't Kal tanks during their operational life, including a new turret rotating mechanism, a new gun stabilizer, a new fire-control system and preparations for the installation of the Blazer Reactive armour.


See also



References

  1. Military Channel - "Top 10 Tanks - Centurion (No.5)"



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