Siem Reap City is the
capital of Siem Reap
Siem Reap has colonial and Chinese-style architecture in the Old
French Quarter, and around the Old Market. In town, there are
Apsara dance performances, craft shops, silk
farms, rice-paddy countryside, fishing villages and a bird
sanctuary near the Tonle Sap
Lake. It is the gateway city for nearby Angkor Wat.
Siem Reap today, being a popular tourist destination, has a large
number of hotels and restaurants. Most smaller establishments are
concentrated around the Old Market area, while more expensive
hotels are located between Siem Reap-Angkor International
Airport and the town along National Road 6.
are a variety of mid-range hotels and restaurants along Sivatha,
and budget to mid-range hotels in the Phsar Leu area.
Siem Reap means the Defeat of Siam
—today’s Thailand —and refers
to a centuries-old bloodbath, commemorated in stone in the
celebrated bas relief carvings of the monuments.
the École Française
d'Extrême Orient (EFEO) began a long association with Angkor by funding
an expedition to the Bayon.
1907 Angkor, which had been under Thai control, was returned to
Cambodia and the EFEO took responsibility for clearing and
restoring the whole site. In the same year, the first tourists
arrived in Angkor - an unprecedented 200 of them in three months.
Angkor had been 'rescued' from the jungle and was assuming its
place in the modern world.
Siem Reap was little more than a village when the first French
explorers re-discovered Angkor in the 19th century. With the return
of Angkor to Cambodian, or French, control in 1907, Siem Reap began
to grow, absorbing the first wave of tourists. The Grand Hotel d'Angkor
opened its doors
in 1929 and the temples of Angkor remained one of Asia's leading
draws until the late 1960s, luring visitors like Charlie Chaplin
and Jackie Kennedy
. In 1975, the population of
Siem Reap, along with that of the rest of the cities and towns in
Cambodia, was evacuated by the communist Khmer Rouge
and driven into the countryside.
Siem Reap, Battambang & Preah
Vihear received by King Sisowath, 1907.
As with the rest of the country, Siem Reap's history (and the
memories of its people) is coloured by spectre of the brutal Khmer
Rouge Regime, though since Pol Pot
in 1998, relative stability and a rejuvenated tourist industry have
been important steps in an important, if tentative, journey forward
to recovery. With the advent of war, Siem Reap entered a long
slumber from which it only began to awake in the mid-1990s.
Today, Siem Reap is undoubtedly Cambodia's fastest growing city and
serves as a small charming gateway town to the world famous
heritage of the Angkor temples. Thanks to those attractions, Siem
Reap has transformed itself into a major tourist hub. Siem Reap
nowadays is a vibrant town with modern hotels and architectures.
Despite international influences, Siem Reap and its people have
conserved much of the town's image, culture and traditions.
The Wat and the river
Siem Reap wood carving
The town is a cluster of small villages along the Siem Reap River
. These villages were
originally developed around Buddhist
pagodas (Wat) which are
almost evenly spaced along the river from Wat Preah En Kau Sei in
the north to Wat Phnom Krom in the south, where the Siem Reap River
meets the great Tonle
The main town is concentrated around Sivutha Street and the Psar
Chas area (Old Market area) where there are old colonial buildings,
shopping and commercial districts. The Wat Bo area is now full of
guesthouses and restaurants while the Psar Leu area is often
crowded with jewellery and handicraft shops, selling from ruby to
woodcarving. Other fast developing areas are the airport road and
main road to Angkor where a number of large hotels
Businesses centered around tourism have flourished thanks to the
tourism boom. There are a wide range of hotels, ranging from
several 5-star hotels and chic resorts to hundreds of budget
guesthouses. A large selection of restaurants offer many kinds of
food, including Italian, Indian, French, German, Russian, Thai,
Korean, Japanese, and Burmese. Plenty of shopping opportunities
exist around the Psar Chas area while the nightlife is often
vibrant with a number of western-styled pubs and bars.
International Airport in Siem Reap now serves the most tourist passengers
to Cambodia. Most tourists come to Siem Reap to visit the
Thom, (about 6Km north of the city), and other Angkor
While those are still the main attractions, there are
plenty of other things to experience, such as a dinner with an
Apsara Dance performance, a trip to fishing villages and bird
sanctuary, a visit to a craft workshop and silk farm, or a bicycle
tour around the rice paddies in the countryside.
The Gecko Environment Center is a floating environment center
located in the province of Siem Reap on the Tonle Sap Lake. The
goal of the center is to promote environmental awareness among the
local community as well as visitors to the great lake. The province
of Siem Reap is part of the Tonle Sap Biosphere
Angkor Wat, the reason for Siem Reap's
Wat (Angkor temple) is
the central feature of the Angkor UNESCO World Heritage Site
containing the magnificent remains of the Khmer civilization.
Angkor Wat's rising
series of five towers culminates in an impressive central tower
that symbolizes mythical Mount Meru
Thousands of feet of wall space are covered with intricate carving
depicting scenes from Hindu
Cambodia Landmine Museum
The Land Mine Museum is run by Aki Ra, a former Khmer Rouge child
soldier and landmine layer. He started off by turning the garden of
his home into a museum of mines and other ordnance. The museum is
now located in a purpose built location approximately 12 miles from
Siem Reap in the direction of Bantay Srei.
A street in Siem Reap.
Angkor National Museum
Opened on 12 November, 2007, the Angkor National Museum offers
visitors a better understanding of the area's archeological
treasures. The Golden Era of the Khmer Kingdom is presented,
including the use of state-of-the-art multimedia technology. The
museum covers Khmer history, civilization, and cultural heritage in
- Exclusive gallery: 1,000 Buddha images
- Gallery A: Pre-Angkor Period: Khmer Civilization
- Gallery B: Religion and Beliefs
- Gallery C: The great Khmer Kings
- Gallery D: Angkor Wat
- Gallery E: Angkor Thom
- Gallery F: Story from Stones
- Gallery G: Ancient Costume
This magnificent inner royal city was built by the end of the 12th
century and is renowned for its temple grounds and towering
This flea market offers Khmer antiques as well as tourist
Another market where one can find food, clothes and
Phsar Leu Thom Thmei
This market reconstructed from the wood to the stone structure. The
.Now this market is very popular
and crowded. People sell all kind of things. It locate about
2 km from Siem Reap Town and on the right side of National
Road#6 if you travel from west to east.
is 7 km from the Siem Reap-Angkor International
Airport (IATA code REP). Siem Reap is
accessible by direct flights from Phnom Penh, Sihanoukville, Singapore, Bangkok, Kuala
Lumpur, Vientiane, Luang
Prabang, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh
Kong, Guangzhou, Seoul-Incheon, Pusan, Kunming, Kaohsiung and Taipei, and by land
from Phnom Penh and the Thai border.
A boat in Flotin, a nearby
It’s also accessible by
boat and bus from Phnom Penh.
- Angkor National Museum website