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The Sinclair Broadcast Group (SBG) is the operator of the largest number of local television stations in the United Statesmarker with a total of 57 stations across the country in 35 primarily small and medium markets, many of which are located in the South and the Midwest. Broadcasts by SBG stations can be received by 24 percent of American households. The company is based in Hunt Valley, Maryland.


The company, founded by Julian Sinclair Smith, originated in 1971 as the Chesapeake Television Corporation with the launch of WBFFmarker (channel 45) in Baltimoremarker. A subsidiary of Chesapeake Television Corp., the Commercial Radio Institute, later founded WPTT (channel 22, now WPMYmarker) in Pittsburghmarker, in 1978; and WTTEmarker (channel 28) in Columbus, Ohiomarker, in 1984. All three stations originally were independents, though WBFF and WTTE became charter affiliates of the Fox Broadcasting Company at its launch in 1986.

Smith's son David D. Smith began taking a more active role in the 1980s. In 1985, the Chesapeake Television Corporation changed its name to Sinclair Broadcast Group. In 1990, David Smith and his three brothers bought their parents' remaining stock and went on a buying spree that eventually made it one of the largest station owners in the country.

Though Sinclair became a public company in 1995 and is currently traded on NASDAQ under the symbol SBGI, the Smith family still retains a majority financial interest, and all four Smith brothers serve as executives or directors.


Network # Stations
Fox 19
MyNetworkTV (MNTV) 17
CW 8
This TV 5

Many stations are owned outright by the company, but many others are affiliated through local marketing agreements . Sinclair pioneered the LMA concept in 1991.

The stations are affiliates of various television networks: ABC, CBS, NBC and Fox. Sinclair also owned or managed several affiliates of the WB and UPN networks, which both launched in January 1995. In September 2006, the WB and UPN merged their operations into a new network, the CW. Eight of Sinclair's WB stations, along with independent KFBT (now KVCWmarker) in Las Vegasmarker, became affiliates of the new network. At the same time, Sinclair aligned 17 of its stations (ten former WB affiliates, six former UPN stations, and independent WFGXmarker) with MyNetworkTV, a new programming service owned by Fox's parent News Corporation. Sinclair's relationship with Fox/News Corporation was also strengthened after Sinclair agreed to a six-year affiliation renewal for its 19 Fox-affiliated stations. The deal also includes flagship WBFF in Baltimore, despite Fox owning a station, MyNetworkTV affiliate WUTBmarker, in the same market.

On December 22, 2006, WTWC-TVmarker in Tallahassee, Floridamarker, renewed its affiliation agreement with NBC, keeping the station affiliated with the network through the end of 2016. [66517]

Sinclair had experimented with using a centralized news organization called News Central that provided prepackaged news segments for distribution to several of the group's stations. These segments were integrated into programming during local news broadcasts. Mark E. Hyman, a high-ranking executive at Sinclair, also created conservative editorial segments called "The Point" that were broadcast on all of the group's stations with news departments. In addition, most of the stations that aired News Central emulated the prepackaged news studio appearance for local stories. This model was ultimately unsuccessful, and on March 31, 2006, News Central ended its national news broadcasts (although the "Point" commentaries lasted until November 30, 2006). Most stations running the News Central format ended up cancelling their news coverage altogether, although some stations that did so have subsequently contracted with competing stations in their markets to produce their newscasts.

Sinclair still produces a one-minute national news briefing for its stations, entitled Washington Newsroom. Starting in 2007, Sinclair launched a new newscast on some of its' stations, completely separate from local news operations, called American Crossroads. Like News Central and "The Point", the program, hosted by Jeff Barnd (a news anchor at WBFF) covers national news stories and offers a conservative editorial segment.

Digital Television

In February 2009 Sinclair announced that many stations will adhere to the original DTV transition date of February 17, 2009. Sinclair stations' analog transmitters will be turned off then. Several stations, like WMSNmarker in Madison, Wisconsinmarker and WSMHmarker in Flint, Michiganmarker will end analog transmission on June 12 due to the FCC denying early shut-down to some of them in order to keep one commercial analog signal on in a market until the new transition.

Relationship to Glencairn/Cunningham

Between 1994 and 1997, nine stations owned by Glencairn Ltd. entered LMAs with Sinclair-owned stations in the same cities. Glencairn was owned by Edwin Edwards, a former Sinclair executive, who also personally owned WPTT in Pittsburgh. It held itself out as a minority-owned broadcaster.

However, Carolyn Smith, wife of Sinclair founder Julian Smith and mother of current Sinclair CEO David Smith, supplied Glencairn's initial capital and controlled 70 percent of Glencairn's stock. In December 2001, after complaints from Jesse Jackson and several other media companies, the FCC fined Sinclair $40,000 for illegally controlling Glencairn. Sinclair tried to merge outright with Glencairn in 2001 and purchase Edwards' Pittsburgh station. However, the FCC only allowed four of the stations to come directly under the Sinclair banner. Glencairn kept the other six stations and changed its name to Cunningham Broadcasting. Nearly all of Cunningham's stock (90 percent) is owned by trusts in the name of four members of the Smith family, and all six Cunningham stations have LMAs with Sinclair stations. Based on these arrangements, Glencairn/Cunningham has served merely as a shell corporation with the sole purpose of evading Federal Communications Commission ownership rules.

In three markets, Cunningham owns the fourth-highest rated station while Sinclair owns one of the three highest-rated stations. The FCC's duopoly rules do not allow common ownership of two of the four highest-rated stations in a single market. In Cunningham's three other markets, there are too few stations or unique station owners to permit a Sinclair duopoly. The FCC requires a market to have eight unique station owners once a duopoly is formed.

Possible bankruptcy

In a filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission on July 14, 2009, Sinclair stated that if they cannot refinance its $1.33 billion debt or if Cunningham becomes insolvent due to nonpayment on a loan worth $33.5 million, then Sinclair may be forced to file for chapter 11 bankruptcy.

Nightline controversy

In 2004, Sinclair attracted controversy when it decided that seven of its ABC-affiliated stations would not broadcast an April 30 airing of Nightline, which was a tribute to the soldiers killed in the 2003 invasion and subsequent occupation of Iraq.[66518]

The group issued a statement that said in part, "The action appears to be motivated by a political agenda designed to undermine the efforts of the United States in Iraq." ABC responded, saying that the program was meant to be "an expression of respect which seeks to honor those who have laid down their lives for this country."

For differing reasons, the decision to not air the episode attracted criticism both from supporters and opponents of the Iraq war. Affected stations were in the following markets:

WTXLmarker in Tallahassee, Floridamarker, formerly owned by Media Venture Management but, at that time, operated by Sinclair under a local marketing agreement, decided to air the program. In some of the affected areas, such as Pensacola, other broadcasters stepped into the breach to air the broadcast.

On an unrelated note, three other Sinclair-owned stations which are now ABC affiliates -- WKEFmarker in Dayton, Ohiomarker, WICSmarker in Springfield, Illinoismarker and WICDmarker in Champaign, Illinoismarker -- also did not air the controversial episode of Nightline because they were affiliated with NBC at the time.

Kerry film controversy

In October 2004, it was reported that Sinclair would order all 62 of its affiliate stations to preempt prime time programming to air Stolen Honor: Wounds That Never Heal, a documentary critical of U.S. presidential candidate John Kerry's anti-Vietnam War activism, just two weeks before the November 2 election. [66519] The film was produced by Carlton Sherwood, a former associate of Tom Ridge, and accuses John Kerry of prolonging the Vietnam War because of his anti-war activism. The organization Swift Boat Veterans for Truth, an anti-Kerry organization whose name become well known in the 2004 election year, was cross-promoting the film as part of a $1.4 million advertising campaign. [66520]

In response, the Democratic National Committee filed a legal motion with the Federal Election Commission stating that it is inappropriate for the media organization to air "partisan propaganda" in the last 10 days of an election campaign. [66521]

Sinclair fired its Washington bureau chief Jon Lieberman, stating he revealed company business when he publicly discussed the documentary in an interview published October 18, 2004, in the Baltimore Sun.

Sinclair later aired an edited version of the documentary.

SBGI stock took a dive during and leading up to this time period as stockholders who threatened lawsuits and portions of the general public became enraged. The stock did not fully recover until late 2006.

Retransmission disputes


In the summer of 2006, Charter Communications streamlined its operations, which included selling off portions of its cable system which were "geographically non-strategic". Charter accounts in the Huntingtonmarker-Charleston, West Virginiamarker market area were purchased by Suddenlink Communications. Sinclair requested a $40 million one-time fee, and a one-dollar-per subscription per month fee from Suddenlink for retransmission rights of both WCHS-TVmarker and WVAH-TVmarker on the Suddenlink cable system [66522]. This led to a protracted media battle and smear campaign between the two companies, and Sinclair pulled the two stations off the air on cable systems covering the neighboring Beckley, West Virginiamarker market.

After several weeks of negotiations, the two companies reached an agreement which allowed WCHS-TV and WVAH-TV to continue transmission over the Suddenlink cable system. The terms of the agreement were not released to the public [66523].


Cable TV company Mediacom filed an antitrust lawsuit against Sinclair on October 2006, claiming that Sinclair insisted on blanket carriage of 22 SBGI stations at all Mediacom cable companies where SBGI operates a TV station regardless of market differences. The District Court for the Southern District of Iowamarker denied Mediacom's injunction motion on October 24; Mediacom appealed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit, but they dropped the appeal on December 13.

Sinclair's retransmission agreement with Mediacom was originally set to expire on December 1, 2006, but Sinclair later extended the deadline to January 5, 2007. Despite the extension, the two sides remained at an impasse over how much money Mediacom should pay Sinclair for carriage of its stations. On January 4, the FCC's Media Bureau denied Mediacom's complaint stating that Sinclair failed to negotiate with Mediacom in good faith. After failing to respond to Mediacom's offer to take the dispute to binding arbitration before the deadline, Sinclair pulled all 22 stations from Mediacom's lineups shortly after midnight on January 6. Despite a plea from Iowa's Congressional delegation urging the two sides to submit to binding arbitration, Sinclair rejected the plea on January 11. The two sides discussed the dispute in front of Iowa lawmakers on January 23. On January 30, 2007, Senators Daniel Inouye, Chairman of the US Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation and Ranking Member Ted Stevens signed a letter addressed to Kevin Martin, the chairman of the Federal Communications Commission, directing him to resolve the issue. The impasse ended on February 2 when Mediacom announced that it had reached a retransmission agreement with Sinclair for undisclosed terms. All 22 stations were restored to Mediacom systems shortly after the agreement was announced.

Many satellite providers in the impacted areas looked to capitalize on the Mediacom/SBGI conflict and ran vigorous campaigns to try to recruit disenfranchised Mediacom subscribers. Sinclair's stations in Iowa, KDSM-TVmarker in Des Moinesmarker and KGANmarker in Cedar Rapidsmarker, offered $150 rebates (payable as $10 monthly credits) while other markets offered $100 rebates for switching to DirecTV. Mediacom and the American Cable Association criticized this campaign as a type of bounty payment. Mediacom lost 14,000 subscribers during the last quarter of 2006 and an additional 18,000 subscribers during the first quarter of 2007.

Time Warner Cable

Sinclair was also involved with retransmission negotiations with Time Warner Cable, but the two sides reached an agreement on January 19, 2007.


Broadcasting & Cable reported on January 5, 2007 that Sinclair may pull 30 stations from Comcast systems after its retransmission agreement was slated to expire on February 5 .Comcast was granted an extension so the retransmission rights were extended to March 1 . The deadline passed at 2 a.m. early Thursday morning, March 1.[66524] The two sides were still talking so the deadline was extended to March 10.[66525] Comcast has stated that they will not pay cash for retransmission rights, but is willing to barter such as giving free commercials for SBGI stations on Comcast cable channels.[66526]On March 9, Comcast and Sinclair jointly announced a four-year deal for retransmission rights which expire on March 1, 2011.[66527]


  2. Yahoo story
  3. Des Moines Register
  5. Des Moines Register
  6. Dubuque, Iowa Telegraph Herald, V. 171, #32, February 1, 2007, p. 1.
  7. Cable360
  8. PR newswire

Sinclair-owned stations

Note: ** indicates a station built and signed on by Sinclair.

DMA# City of license/Market Station Channel
Owned Since Affiliation
14. WTTAmarker 3 38 / 57 1999(?) MyNetworkTV
15. WUCWmarker 23 / 22 1998 CW
21. St. Louismarker KDNL-TVmarker 30 / 31 1996 ABC
23. WPGH-TVmarker 53 / 43 1991 Fox
WPMYmarker ** 22 / 42 2000
(previously owned by
Sinclair from 1978-91)

26. WLFL-TVmarker 22 / 57 1994 CW
WRDCmarker 28 / 27 1995 MyNetworkTV
27. WBFFmarker ** 45 / 46 1971 Fox
45.2 This TV
WNUV-TVmarker 1 54 / 40 1994 CW
29. Nashvillemarker WZTVmarker 17 / 15 1994 Fox
WUXPmarker 30 / 21 2000 MyNetworkTV
WNABmarker 2 58 / 23 2 CW
33. Cincinnatimarker WSTR-TVmarker 64 / 33 1995 MyNetworkTV
34. Columbus, Ohiomarker WSYXmarker 6 / 13 1996 ABC
WTTEmarker ** 1 28 / 36 1984 Fox
35. Milwaukeemarker WVTVmarker 18 / 61 2000 CW
WCGVmarker 24 / 25 1995 MyNetworkTV
36. WLOSmarker 13 / 56 1996 ABC
WMYA-TVmarker 1 40 / 14 1996 MyNetworkTV
37. San Antoniomarker KABBmarker 29 / 30 1996 Fox
KMYSmarker 35 / 32 2001 MyNetworkTV
40. Birminghammarker - Tuscaloosa, ALmarker WTTOmarker 21 / 28 1995 CW
WABM-TVmarker 68 / 36 2001 MyNetworkTV
(satellite of WTTO)
17 / 18 1995 CW
42. Las Vegasmarker KVMYmarker 21 / 22 1997 MyNetworkTV
KVCWmarker 33 / 29 2000 CW
43. WTVZmarker 33 / 38 1996 MyNetworkTV
45. Oklahoma Citymarker KOKH-TVmarker 25 / 24 1996 Fox
KOCBmarker 34 / 33 2001 CW
46. WXLV-TVmarker 45 / 29 1996 ABC
WMYVmarker 48 / 33 2001 MyNetworkTV
52. WUTVmarker 29 / 14 1996 Fox
WNYO-TVmarker 49 / 34 2001 MyNetworkTV
58. WRLH-TVmarker 35 / 26 1998 Fox This TV
60. WEAR-TVmarker 3 / 17 1997 ABC
WFGXmarker 3 35 / 50 2001 MyNetworkTV This TV
62. WDKY-TVmarker 56 / 4 2001 Fox
63. WCHS-TVmarker 8 / 41 1997 ABC
WVAH-TVmarker 1 11 / 19 1994 Fox
65. WKEFmarker 22 / 51 1998 ABC
WRGT-TVmarker 1 45 / 30 2001 Fox
68. Flintmarker - Saginawmarker - Bay City, MImarker WSMH-TVmarker 66 / 16 1996 Fox
72. KDSM-TVmarker 17 / 16 1996 Fox
77. Portland, Mainemarker WGME-TVmarker 13 / 38 1998 CBS
78. Paducah, KYmarker - Cape Girardeau, MOmarker -
Harrisburg, ILmarker
KBSImarker 23 / 22 1998 Fox
WDKA-TVmarker 3 49 / 50
(will use
RF49 after
in Oct '09)

2006 MyNetworkTV
80. WUHFmarker 4 31 / 28 1995 Fox
83. WNYS-TVmarker 3 43 / 44 MyNetworkTV
WSYTmarker 68 / 19 1998 Fox
84. Champaignmarker - Urbanamarker -
Decaturmarker - Springfield, ILmarker
WICSmarker 20 / 42 1998 ABC
(semi-satellite of WICS)
15 / 41 1998 ABC
85. WMSN-TVmarker 47 / 11 2002 Fox
88. Cedar Rapidsmarker - Waterloomarker -
Dubuquemarker - Iowa City, IAmarker
KGAN-TVmarker 2 / 51 1998 CBS
KFXAmarker 5 28 / 27 5 Fox
97. Charleston, South Carolinamarker WTAT-TVmarker 1 24 / 40 1995 Fox
WMMPmarker 36 / 35 1998 MyNetworkTV
106. Tallahassee, FLmarker - Thomasville, GAmarker WTWC-TVmarker 40 / 2 1998 NBC
116. WYZZ-TVmarker 4 43 / 28 1985 Fox

  • 1 These stations are nominally owned by Cunningham Broadcasting and operated by Sinclair under local marketing agreements. However, Cunningham Broadcasting's stock is almost completely controlled by trusts in the names of members of Sinclair's founding Smith family.
  • 2 WNAB is owned by Tennessee Broadcasting, LP, an affiliate company of Beverly Hillsmarker-based Lambert Broadcasting, but its operations are managed by Sinclair under an outsourcing agreement. Sinclair is looking to acquire the station outright under an FCC "failing station" waiver.
  • 3 Via local marketing agreements, Sinclair operates these stations, which are owned by local independent or private companies. The lone exception among this group is WTTA, in which Sinclair CEO David Smith is the station's majority owner.
  • 4 These stations are owned by Sinclair, but operated by Nexstar Broadcasting Group under local marketing agreements.
  • 5 KFXA is owned by Second Generation of Iowa, Ltd. and managed by Sinclair. Sinclair is expected to seek a "failing station" waiver to acquire the station's license assets.

Former Sinclair-owned stations

DMA# City of license/Market Station Channel
Years Owned Current affiliation/owner
20. KOVRmarker 13 / 25 1996-2005 CBS owned-and-operated (O&O)
25. WTTVmarker 4 / 48 1996-2002 CW affiliate owned by Tribune Company
Kokomo, Indianamarker WTTK
(satellite of WTTV)
29 / 54 1996-2002 CW affiliate owned by Tribune Company
Bloomington, Indianamarker WIIB
(Home Shopping Network Affiliate)
63 / 27 1988-1997 WIPXmarker, an ION Television affiliate owned by ION Media Networks
32. Kansas City, Missourimarker KSMO-TVmarker 62 / 47 1994-2005 MyNetworkTV affiliate owned by Meredith Corporation
93. Greenvillemarker - Kingsport -
Johnson City - Bristol, TN
WEMTmarker 39 / 38 2000-2006 Fox affiliate owned by Esteem Broadcasting, LLC
(operated via LMA by BlueStone Television)
94. North Polemarker - Plattsburgh, N.Y.marker -
Burlington, VTmarker
WPTZmarker 5 / 14 1997-1998 NBC affiliate owned by Hearst Television
Hartford, VTmarker - Hanover, N.H.marker WNNEmarker
(semi-satellite of WPTZ)
31 / 25 1997-1998 NBC affiliate owned by Hearst Television
106. Tallahassee, FLmarker - Thomasville, GAmarker WTXL-TVmarker 27 / 21 2001-20061 ABC affiliate owned by Calkins Media
109. Jacksonvillemarker - Tylermarker - Longview, TXmarker KETK-TVmarker 56 / 22 1998-1999 NBC affiliate owned by ComCorp
111. WGGB-TVmarker 40 / 55 1998-2007 ABC affiliate owned by Gormally Broadcasting LLC
  • 1Operated by WTWC-TVmarker under a shared services agreement (license was held by a third party)

See also


External links


Anti-Sinclair activism


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