The Full Wiki

Sindhudesh: Map


Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:

Flag used by Sindhi nationalists showing an axe in opposite to the most popular Muslim Sufi symbols of Ajrak and Sindhi Topi in Sindh

Sindhudesh ( , literally Sindhi word meaning 'Sindhi Nation') is a concept floated around by Sindhi nationalists in Pakistanmarker, for the creation of a Sindhi state. It was conceived by senior Sindhi political leader G. M. Syed. A Sindhi literary movement emerged in 1967 under the leadership of Syed and Pir Ali Mohammed Rashdi, in opposition to the One Unit policy, the imposition of Urdu by the central government and to the presence of a large number of Mohajir (Indian Muslim refugees) settled in their province. During the 1970 national election campaign, Syed proposed the formation of an autonomous Sindhudesh within a loosely federated Pakistan. The movement for Sindhi language and identity led by Syed drew inspiration from the Bengali language movement, but the emerging Sindhi nationalism was marginalized as the populist agenda of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto's Islamic socialism drew mass support amongst Sindhi people opposed to the previous regimes.

With his political base largely weakened, Syed later advanced his position, towards openly demanding separation from Pakistan and build-up of an independent Sindhudesh in his books Heenyar Pakistan khey tuttan khappey (Now Pakistan Should Disintegrate) and Sindhu Desh - A Nation in Chains.

The idea of Sindhudesh is supported by Sindhis of India and Hindu Sindhis, most of whom had to be relocated out of Sindh after the Partition, leaving behind their property; however it is not known whether Sindhudesh would be open to Hindus or not. Sindh was one of the most peaceful states in the British Raj in terms of lack of communal fighting. However, the Mohajirs, who had arrived into large parts of Sindh in huge numbers, forced Hindu Sindhis out of Pakistan.

Sindhudesh was also ancient name of modern Sindhmarker, as the state of Sindhmarker is mentioned in the epic of Mahabharata by this name only.For more information refer to Sindhu Kingdom

See also


  1. Wright, Theodore P., Jr. Center-Periphery Relations and Ethnic Conflict in Pakistan: Sindhis, Muhajirs, and Punjabis, in Comparative Politics, Vol. 23, No. 3. (Apr., 1991), pp. 299-312.
  2. Rahman, Tariq. Language and Ethnicity in Pakistan, in Asian Survey, Vol. 37, No. 9. (Sep., 1997), pp. 833-839.
  3. Jalal, Ayesha. Conjuring Pakistan: History as Official Imagining, in International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol. 27, No. 1. (Feb., 1995), pp. 73-89.

External links

Embed code:

Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address