Sinicisation or Sinification, (in
Mandarin: 中国化 Zhōngguóhuà
or 汉化 Hànhuà) is the linguistic
assimilation or cultural assimilation of terms and
concepts of the language and
culture of China.
, the term is used narrowly
to refer to transliteration
, and in
this regard "Sinicization" is parallel to Romanization
In more general contexts, Sinicization refers to the process of
"becoming Chinese" or "becoming Han"; the opposite process is
becoming "not Chinese" (desinicization
). The term has been used in
social science primarily to describe the assimilation
of non-Han Chinese
peoples (such as the Manchus
) into the Chinese identity.
More broadly, "Sinicization" also refers to the phenomenon whereby
neighbouring cultures to China have been influenced by Chinese
culture and language without being assimilated. This is reflected in
the histories of Korea, Vietnam and Japan.
The integration policy is aimed at strengthening of the Chinese
identity among population, to develop shared values, pride in being
the country’s citizen, respect and acceptance towards cultural
differences among citizens of China.
Republic of China relocated its capital to Taipei in 1949, the
intention of Chiang Kai-shek was to
eventually go back to Mainland China and retake control of
Chiang believed that to retake the mainland, it would be
necessary to "resinicize" Taiwan's inhabitants. Examples of this
policy included the renaming of streets, use of mandarin Chinese in
schools and punishments for using other languages, and teaching
students to revere Confucian ethics, develop Han Chinese
nationalism, and believe Taiwan is part of China. Other reasons for
the policy were to combat the Japanese influences on the culture
that had occurred in the previous 50 years, and to help unite the
recent immigrants from mainland China that had come to Taiwan with
the KMT and among whom there was a tendency to be more loyal to
one's city, county or province than to China as a nation.
The sinicization of Tibet is the alleged change of Tibetan society
to Chinese standards, by means of cultural assimilation
, and political (communist
) reform. Sinicization on the one hand is the
consequence of the presence of a large number of Han Chinese in Tibet and on the other hand an
active policy of the central government of the People's
Republic of China.
The active policy intends to make Tibet
an integral part of the Chinese republic and to
control Tibetan ambitions of independence..
- Burbu, Dawa (2001) China's Tibet Policy, Routledge,
ISBN 978-0700704743, pp 100-124
- Samdup, Tseten (1993) Chinese population - Threat to Tibetan identity