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Sinsheim is a town in southwestern Germanymarker, in the Rhine Neckar Area of the state Baden-W├╝rttembergmarker about 22 kilometers southeast of Heidelbergmarker and about 28 kilometers northwest of Heilbronnmarker in the district Rhein-Neckarmarker. It consists of a city center and 11 suburbs with a total population of 35605 (as of December 2006). Its area encompasses 127 square kilometers (49 square miles). The Elsenz, a small, unnavigable left-bank tributary of the Neckar, flows through the town, reaching the Neckar at Neckargem├╝nd.

Tourist attractions

Sinsheim's main tourist attraction is the Sinsheim Auto & Technik Museummarker, actually situated in the suburb Steinsfurt, displaying a collection of historic vehicles to over 1 million visitors per year. In 1989, a trade fair area was established that features all kinds of industrial and popular events.

Additionally, Sinsheim has a historic city core; the Altes Rathaus (old Town Hall) is a museum for the town and its role in the 1848 revolution. An old fortress, Burg Steinsberg in the village of Weiler, overlooks Sinsheim. With its octagonal tower, dating back to the 13th century, the fortress has sometimes been called the "compass" of the Kraichgau region, and nowadays contains a restaurant. More recently Hotel O Sinsheim was built also by the owner of the Sinsheim Auto & Technik Museummarker.


On September 19, 2006 the mayor of Sinsheim announced a stadium would be built in the suburb of Steinsfurt, not far from the Sinsheim Auto & Technik Museummarker, for the town's football club 1899 Hoffenheim. Construction of the ÔéČ40 million stadium, which seats 30,164, was funded by Dietmar Hopp, a cofounder and major share holder of software giant SAP and chief investor in 1899 Hoffenheim. The club christened their new stadium on 31 January 2009 with a 2ÔÇô0 win over Energie Cottbus.


The region around Sinsheim has been settled since 700,000 BC, as shown by the finding of the fossil Homo heidelbergensis in the village of Mauer, about 12 km (7 miles) north of Sinsheim. The Romans ruled the area from 90 AD to 260 AD. The city was possibly founded in about 550 AD by the Frankish nobleman Sunno. It was first historically mentioned in 770 AD in the Codex of the cloister Lorsch. Since 1192, the town had "city rights" (special privileges), first granted by Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor.

Sinsheim has been a rather poor town throughout the ages, and has been affected heavily by wars from the 16th to the 18th century. Sinsheim-born revolutionary Franz Sigel became a famous general in the American Civil War.

The first railroad in Sinsheim was built in 1900; electricity and public water pipes were introduced into the city from 1910 on. While Sinsheim's inhabitants take some pride in the long history of their town, the local history during Nazism is not a popular topic, but it can be said that there was little exception to the rest of Germany during that time.

The World Wars and the Great Depression kept Sinsheim from growing until the A6 Autobahn was built in 1968. It connected Sinsheim to national and international roads, with Mannheimmarker, Stuttgartmarker, Frankfurt am Mainmarker, Heilbronnmarker, Heidelbergmarker, Ludwigshafenmarker all now within 1 hour by car. While traditionally being an agricultural town, the highway made it into a small industrial center, but it has been hit by recession and international outsourcing in recent years.


Historic population

The numbers are estimates, census results(┬╣) or official data of the statistical offices (only primary residences).
Year Population
14th century ca. 1,200
1705 823
1798 1,705
1852 2,854
1 December 1871 2,716
1 December 1880 ┬╣ 2,990
1 December 1890 ┬╣ 2,952
1 December 1900 ┬╣ 3,011
1 December 1910 ┬╣ 3,327
8 October 1919 ┬╣ 3,184
16 June 1925 ┬╣ 3,497
16 June 1933 ┬╣ 3,767
17 May 1939 ┬╣ 3,900
Year Population
December 1945 ┬╣ 4,101
13 September 1950 ┬╣ 5,860
6 June 1961 ┬╣ 6,532
27 May 1970 ┬╣ 8,056
31 December 1975 25,373
31 December 1980 26,658
27 May 1987 ┬╣ 27,454
31 December 1990 29,307
31 December 1995 32,828
31 December 2000 34,171
31 December 2005 35,524
31 December 2006 35,605
┬╣ census results

Population of the suburbs

as of 31 December 2004
City part Population
Sinsheim (city) 12,229
Adersbach 565
D├╝hren 2,374
Ehrst├Ądt 638
Eschelbach 2,353
Hasselbach 299
Hilsbach 2,199
Hoffenheimmarker 3,286
Reihen 2,086
Rohrbach 2,020
Steinsfurt 3,295
Waldangelloch 1,740
Weiler 2,008


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