Sioux City ( ) is a city in
Plymouth and Woodbury counties in the western part of the U.S. state of Iowa.
population was 85,013 at the 2000 census
; census estimates
showed a slight decline to 82,807 by 2008. Sioux City is the
primary city of the four-county Sioux City, IA–NE–SD Metropolitan Statistical Area
(MSA), with a population of 143,053 in 2000 and a slight increase
to an estimated 143,157 in 2008. The Sioux
City-Vermillion, IA-NE-SD Combined
Statistical Area has an estimated population of 156,762 as of
It is the county seat
Woodbury County, in which the large majority of the city
is at the navigational head of the Missouri River, about north of the Omaha-Council Bluffs
metropolitan area. Sioux City and the surrounding areas of
northeastern Nebraska and
Dakota are sometimes referred to as Siouxland, especially by the local media.
Sioux City is the second largest
city in the Sioux Falls-Sioux City, SD-IA-MN-NE Designated Market
Area (DMA),with a population of 1,043,450.
is the home of Morningside College, Briar Cliff University, St. Luke's College and Western Iowa Tech Community
Sioux City, along with Coon Rapids and Clinton, was awarded
one of the inaugural Iowa Great Places designations.
In March 2009, the Sioux City metropolitan area was recognized by
as the top economic development community in
the United States for communities with populations between 50,000
and 200,000 people. The Sioux City metro also received the same
recognition by Site Selection magazine
is the major
highway in Sioux City and surroundings. It approaches the city from
Omaha to the south before curving northwest along the Missouri
River near downtown. The highway then enters South Dakota and
curves back to the north as it approaches Sioux Falls.
The first people to live in this area were ancestors of those we
know today as Native Americans. These inhabitants lived here
thousands of years before any explorers from Spain or France
While the name is not known of the first European man to explore
the area which is now Sioux City, it is commonly believed to be an
early French or Spanish fur trader. The first documented explorers
to record their travels through this area were the Americans
Meriwether Lewis and William Clark during the summer of 1804. Their
expedition was supported by the federal government. President
Thomas Jefferson was eager to hear their report.
Geography and climate
Sioux City is located at (42.497957, -96.395705). Sioux City is at
an altitude of above sea level.
According to the United
States Census Bureau
, the city has a total area of
56.0 square miles (144.9 km²), of which, 54.8 square
miles (141.9 km²) of it is land and 1.2 square miles
(3.0 km²) of it (2.06%) is water.
As of the 2000 census
, the Sioux City
metropolitan area had 143,053 residents in four counties; the
population was estimated at 143,157 in 2008. As defined by the
Office of Management and
, the counties comprising the metropolitan area are (in
descending order of population):
Two of these counties—Union and Dixon—were added to the metro area
in 2003. In reality, only Woodbury, Dakota, and Union counties
contain any metropolitan character; Dixon County is entirely
County is not considered part of metropolitan Sioux City
although the extreme north and northwest sides of the city spill
over into Plymouth County.
Sioux City is located very near to the center of the North American
continent, far removed from any
major bodies of water. This lends the area a humid continental climate
hot, humid summers, cold snowy winters, and wide temperature
extremes. Summers can bring daytime temperatures that climb into
the 90s Fahrenheit
, and winter lows can
be well below zero.
Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures
|Norm High °F
|Norm Low °F
Source: USTravelWeather.com 
As of the census
of 2000, there were 85,013
people, 32,054 households, and 21,091 families residing in the
city. The population density
1,551.3 people per square mile (599.0/km²). There were 33,816
housing units at an average density of 617.1/sq mi
(238.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 85.23% White
, 2.41% African American
, 0.04% Pacific Islander
, 5.27% from
, and 2.28%
from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 10.89% of the
There were 32,054 households out of which 33.4% had children under
the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples
living together, 12.2% had a female
householder with no husband present, and 34.2% were non-families.
27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had
someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average
household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.14.
In the city the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age
of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to
64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was
33 years. For every 100 females there were 95.4 males. For every
100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $37,429, and the
median income for a family was $45,751. Males had a median income
of $31,385 versus $22,470 for females. The per capita income
for the city was
$18,666. About 7.9% of families and 11.2% of the population were
below the poverty line
, including 15.0%
of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.
Neighborhoods, commercial districts, and suburbs
Confluence of the Missouri and Floyd Rivers in Sioux City
Veteran's Memorial Bridge
Sioux City, IA
City, Nebraska is directly across the Missouri River in Dakota County.
With nearly 12,000 residents, it is by far
the largest suburb of Sioux City. It was an All America City
in 2003. Two
bridges—the Veterans Memorial Bridge and the Interstate 129
bridge—connect Sioux City with
South Sioux City.
Nebraska is just south of South Sioux City.
It is the
county seat of Dakota County.
Large beef-processing plants are located in
City, South Dakota is just across the Big
Sioux River in Union County.
It is home to a number of casinos
. It is also the home to several major
industrial concerns, including Iams Pet Food, Interbake Foods, and
Gateway, Inc., the computer company.
Dunes, South Dakota is an unincorporated "master-planned
community" just west of Sioux City in the extreme southeast corner
Construction began circa 1989. Expensive
new homes, suburban-style office parks, and a country club golf
designed by Arnold Palmer
characterize this area.
Bluff is a mainly residential suburb adjacent to the southern city limits of Sioux
City, less than a mile east of the Sioux City airport.
Parks, recreation, and locations of interest
Park is in the northwest corner of the city, overlooking
the South Dakota/Iowa border.
Stone State Park
Stone Park is near the
northernmost extent of the Loess Hills
and is at the transition from clay bluffs and prairie to
sedimentary rock hills and bur oak
along the Iowa side of the Big Sioux
. Popular for decades with picnickers
and day hikers, it has been a local hot
spot for mountain biking since the late 1980s.
Dorothy Pecaut Nature Center
is a destination
nature preserve for Woodbury County, and is located within the
boundaries of Stone State Park. The butterfly garden is unique to
the area; wild turkeys
and white-tail deer
are commonly sighted from
the well-marked trails.
Downtown entertainment venues include both the casino
and the 10,000-seat Tyson Events
, once listed on the National Register of
, was damaged by fire in 2006.
is located north of the downtown
area, up from Rose Hill, between The Northside and The Heights. The
is located in the park. In
summer, Sunday evening municipal band concerts are a longstanding
Sioux City tradition. The Saturday in the Park
music festival is held there annually. Behind the bandshell is an
extensive rose garden with an elaborate arbor and trellises which
has long been a popular site for outdoor weddings, prom and other
special occasion photographs, and for children to play during the
Sunday evening band concerts and other events. Downtown is also home
to the largest historic theatre in Iowa, the Orpheum
Park is named for the Polish General
Kazimierz Pułaski, who fought
in the American Revolution.
This park features baseball
diamond facilities, and is located in western Morningside along old
U.S. Highway 75 (South Lewis Blvd.). It is largely built on the
filled lakebed of Half Moon Lake, which was originally created in
the 1890s by the excavation of fill dirt to build the approaches
for the iron railroad bridge spanning the Missouri near the
Stockyards. The neighborhood on the bluff overlooking the park was
historically settled by Lithuanian
Polish immigrants, many of whom worked in the meatpacking industry
during the early 20th century.
is located in a residential area of
Morningside, and is the only privately owned and maintained
open-to-the-public park within the city limits. It was left in
trust in 1937 under the terms of Clara Latham's will; her family
had built the house on of ground in 1915. The house and grounds are
currently being restored by the Friends of Latham Park.
Floyd Monument commemorates the burial site of U.S.
Sergeant Floyd Monument
Sergeant Charles Floyd
only man to die on the Lewis
and Clark Expedition
. It is a National Historic Landmark, with
its prominent obelisk situated on of parkland, high on a river
bluff with a splendid view of the Missouri River valley.
First Bride's Grave
is tucked in a corner
pocket of South Ravine Park, lies a series of paths, trails, and
steps leading to the First Bride of Sioux City’s Grave. Her name
was Rosalie Menard and she was born in 1838. She was one of seven
children that her father, Louis Menard, and mother, Klanhaywin
Menard, had together. She had two sisters and four brothers. Some
time in 1852, her family moved into the area of Perry Creek and the
Missouri River. There, is where they became acquainted with Joseph
Leonais. He was a French/Canadian fur trapper like Louis Menard,
and he had decided to make his home in the area.Rosalie and Joseph
were married by a traveling Catholic Priest in 1853, while she was
in her teens, and he was about twenty-nine years old. They had a
total of four children; Joseph II, Josephine, Rosalie, and William.
At the beginning of their marriage, they lived in the cabin he had
built near Perry Creek; close to what is now 2nd and Water Street.
They later moved to a farm along the Floyd River. In 1865, shortly
after giving birth to her youngest son, William, she died at the
age of twenty-seven. She was the first bride of a non-native
American to be wed in Sioux City, Iowa, thus receiving her
War Eagle Park
is named for the Yankton Sioux
chief Wambdi Okicize
(d. 1851) who befriended
early settlers. An impressive monument overlooks the confluence of
the Big Sioux and Missouri Rivers; the sculpture represents the
chief in his role as a leader and peacemaker, wearing the eagle feather bonnet
and holding the peace pipe
is located on the banks of the
Big Sioux River. One of the oldest recreational areas of the city,
it is home to the Sioux City Boat Club and Sioux City Community
Theater. The park is on land that once belonged to the first white
settler in the area, Theophile
; his original cabin
is preserved in the park.
Bacon Creek Park is located northeast of Morningside and features
fishing, canoe rentals, and a scenic walking trail.
Chris Larsen Park, informally known as "The Riverfront", is the
launching point for the riverboat casino and includes the Anderson
Dance Pavilion, the Sergeant Floyd Riverboat Museum
Clark Interpretive Center
, opened in 2004. Massive Missouri
River development began in 2005 with the opening of the MLR Tyme
Marina area, which includes Beverly's, an upscale restaurant.
Golf courses, city parks, and aquatics: Sioux City is also home to
several municipal public golf courses
including Floyd Park in Morningside, Green Valley near the Southern
Hills, Sun Valley on the northern West Side, and Hidden Acres in
nearby Plymouth County. Sioux City also has a number of private
golf clubs, including Sioux City Country Club, Southern Hills
Country Club, and Whispering Creek Golf Club. The city has over of
public parkland located at 53 locations, including the beautiful
riverfront and many miles of recreation trails. Five public
swimming pools/aquatics centers are located within Sioux City
The Sioux City Public Museum
is located in a Northside
neighborhood of fine Victorian mansions. The portico-and-gabled
stone building was originally the home of the banker, John Peirce
, and was built in 1890. The museum
features Native American, pioneer, early Sioux City, and natural
Art Center was formed in 1938 as part of the WPA’s support of the
The Art Center is committed to supporting artists from
Iowa and the greater Midwest. Also, the Center has a general
program of acquisition of work by national and international
artists, including important works by Thomas Hart Benton
, Salvador Dalí
, Käthe Kollwitz
, Robert Motherwell
, Claes Oldenburg
, James Abbott McNeill Whistler
and Grant Wood
. It is located
The Sioux City Symphony
and The Sioux City Municipal Band
The Sioux City
Sioux City Lewis And Clark Interpretive Center
is about the
Lewis and Clark Expedition in what is now Sioux City.
- KTIV, Channel 4,
- KCAU, Channel 9,
- KMEG, Channel 14,
- KSIN, Channel 27, PBS
- KPTH, Channel 44,
- K-LOVE, 88.9, Plays commercial free
music. Also can be picked up on 107.5 out of
- KMSC, 92.9,
operated by Morningside
- KWIT, 90.3,
public radio, operated by Western Iowa Tech Community College
- KGLI, 95.5, "KG95" -- adult contemporary; previously played
top 40; signed on in 1983
- KSEZ, 97.9, "Z98" -- plays rock music (classic and new rock); previously
top 40 station "Rock 98" in the 1980s
- KKMA, 99.5, "Kool 99.5" -- plays Classic Hits; formerly adult contemporary "Magic 99"; call
letters were KZZL in the early 1980s as an easy listening format Home of Iowa State
101.3, "Y101.3" -- country music; the
newest FM signal in the market
- KQNU, 102.3, ("New 102.3") -- a "adult hits" station; signed on as Bob-FM on March
- KTFC, 103.3, Religious radio station ("Midwest Bible
- WNAX, 104.1, country;
broadcasts from Yankton, South Dakota; low-power translator K283AG broadcasts at 104.5 FM
in Sioux City, but both frequencies are audible in Sioux
City. Previously oldies/classic hits KCLH; was top 40 KQHU "Q104" in 1990.
- KSUX, 105.7, "The SuperPig, K-Sioux 105.7";
has played country music since the
signal went on-air in the fall of 1990.
- KSFT-FM, 107.1, "Kiss 107FM" -- top 40 station as of March 13, 2006; previously
played adult contemporary; signed
on in the mid-1990s.
- WNAX, 570, talk radio and
farm news from Yankton, South Dakota; massive signal covering much of the upper Midwest
- KMNS, 620,
sports talk radio; was previously
- KSCJ, 1360,
talk radio; call letters derive from the
Sioux City Journal, which once owned the station
- KWSL, 1470,
"Superhits 1470 KWSL", plays oldies; was
previously broadcasting Spanish language music under the 'La
- Sioux City Journal,
daily newspaper serving the Sioux City metro area east into Western
Iowa and north to the South Dakota border
- Dakota County Star, weekly newspaper serving
- Sioux City Hispanos Unidos, bi-weekly Spanish readers
Weekender, weekly arts and entertainment magazine serving
the Sioux City metro area east into Western Iowa and north to the
South Dakota border
The Sioux City Bandits
arena football team in the Indoor
in the United Conference. The Bandits play
their home games at the Tyson Events Center. They have been to the
Indoor Football League playoffs five times.
The Sioux City Explorers
non affiliated baseball team playing in American Association of
Independent Professional Baseball league. The Explorers play their
home games at Lewis and Clark Park. They have been to the League
playoffs four times.
The Sioux City Musketeers
a junior hockey team based in Sioux City. They play in the United
States Hockey League(USHL) conference. They play their home games
at Tyson Event Center. Their first year of hockey was in 1972. The
Musketeers have won the gold cup in the 1985-1986 season, the
National Runner-up twice(93-94,95-96), the Anderson Cup
twice(81-82,85-86), the Clark Cup three times(81-82,85-86,01-02),
and were the West Division Playoff Champions for the 2004-2005
- James Gable "Jim" Aton. 1925-2008.
Attended East High School (class of 1943) and Morningside College.
Bassist, pianist, singer, composer. First jazz bassist to work
professionally with the legendary Bill Evans. Accompanist to
singers Billie Holiday, Mavis Rivers and Anita O'Day, and was
O'Day's road bassist for 9 years. Original bassist with legendary
Chico Hamilton Quintet in mid-1950s. Staff bassist at famed Gold
Star Studio in Hollywood for 5 years. Numerous recordings and film
appearanced to his credit. Elected to membership in American
Society of Composers and Publishers (ASCAP) for his compositions,
including Debbie Reynold's superhit, "Love Is A Thing." Frequent
appearances on ABC-TV "Stars of Jazz" television program.
- John W. Aldridge, grew up in Tennessee, literary
critic, author in 1951 of After the Lost Generation: A Critical
Study of the Writers of Two Wars
- Dave Bancroft,
Major League Baseball Hall of Fame shortstop. Nicknamed "Beauty."
Bernstein, noted jazz, bluegrass and rock bassist, including as
a member of New Monsoon
- Joe Bisenius, Philadelphia Phillies
relief pitcher and graduate of Bishop Heelan High School.
- Johnny Bolin, moved to Boulder, Colo., in his teens;
rock drummer for Black Oak
Arkansas and brother of Tommy Bolin.
Is now living in Sioux City as of 2008.
- Tommy Bolin, Moved to Boulder,
Colo., in his teens, virtuoso rock guitarist, a member of Deep Purple and The
James Gang, and who also had a solo career.
- Brandon Brooks, Leading professor in Quantum Mechanical
Phenomena, coined the phrase "Qubits" in article for SIAM Journal
- Mildred Brown, African-American
journalist, lived here while working as a teacher, before moving to
Omaha and founding the Omaha Star with her husband E.
- Macdonald Carey, actor. The
longtime patriarch on Days of our
Carter, member of Kansas House of
- Matt Chatham, Born in Newton, Iowa,
New York Jets linebacker.
- Colonel George E. "Bud" Day U.S. Air Force, Vietnam POW, recipient of the Medal of Honor is the United States' most
highly decorated officer since General Douglas MacArthur. The Sioux City Airport
is named Colonel Bud Day Field in his honor as is 6th Street
(Honorable Bud Day Street).
- W. Edwards Deming, 1900–1993, Raised in Polk
City, Iowa, American statistician and quality-control expert -
Deming helped to improve Japan's quality control and management
- Sharon Farrell, prolific film and
television actress (real name Sharon Forsmoe).
- Zeron Flemister, NFL player,
- Esther and Paulline Friedman, better known as Ann Landers and Abigail Van
Buren. Graduates of Central High School.
City" Rick Moore, Dan "Dar" Loofe, Jarrod Paulsen Members of
the Rock/Metal band Ghostship.
- Peggy Gilbert, jazz saxophonist
- Dan Goldie, former tennis player,
winner of 2 ATP singles titles
- Fred Grandy, Graduated from Phillips
Exeter Academy in New Hampshire, and Harvard University, actor,
congressman, former CEO of Goodwill; currently morning drive-time
color jock for WMAL Radio, Washington, D.C.
- Dick Green, Raised in Rapid City,
S.D., Former MLB second baseman with the Kansas City and Oakland Athletics.
- William L. Harding, Born in Sibly, Iowa, Governor of
- Jules Harlow, conservative Jewish
rabbi and liturgist.
Hesse, noted jazz guitar player and bandleader.
- Kirk Hinrich, Chicago Bulls
- Noah Holcomb, Professional
- Harry Hopkins, Secretary of Commerce, Moved to
Council Bluffs shortly after birth, advisor to FDR during World War
Kleinhans, a religion professor at Wartburg College and daughter of Luther dedicatee T. J. "Clancy"
- George Koval, 1913-2006, Moved to
Soviet Union at age 18, Soviet atomic spy "Delmar" and only Soviet
Agent to infiltrate the Manhattan Project
- Robert Lowry, Classical
- Al McIntosh, Born in Park River,
N.D., distinguished newspaper editor whose columns are featured in
Ken Burns' The War.
- Jerry Mathers, Moved to California
as a child, Beaver Cleaver on TV's "Leave It To Beaver".
- Daniel Matousek, lead singer and
guitarist for The Velaires. Graduate of
Central High School.
- John Melcher, United States Senator
from Montana from 1977 to 1989
- Grant Mickelson, lead guitar player for Taylor
- Rex Peer. Morningside College
Conservatory graduate. Jazz trombonist with Benny Goodman,
recording prolifically, and with Goodman on European, Russian and
Asian tours in the mid-1950s. To New York City in late 1950s, where
he recorded with Miles Davis, Dizzy Gillespie, Charles Mingus, and
appeared on first-ever Afro-Cuban Jazz album with Candido Camero
1958. Moved to Nashville 1970s where he appeared on albums with Bob
Dylan, Sam & Dave and many others.
- Lori Petty, Born in Chattanooga,
Tenn. Actress best known for her starring role opposite Geena Davis
and Tom Hanks on "A League of Their Own".
- Frances Rafferty, Moved to Los
Angeles, Calif., when she was nine, MGM actress of the 1940s &
early TV star best known for playing opposite Spring Byington on the sitcom December Bride.
- Ann Royer, painter, sculptor.
- Laurens Shull, All-American
football player killed in France during World War I
- Edward J. Sperling, Born in Slutzk, Belarus, Jewish
writer and humorist.
- Morgan Taylor, Set 400-meter
hurdles Olympic record while winning gold medal in 1924.
- Morgan Thomas. Jazz trombonist
with Louis Prima Orchestra. Recorded prolifically with Prima and
Keely Smith in the 1950s and 1960s.
- Ted Waitt and Norman Waitt, co-founders of Gateway, Inc.
- Brian Wansink -- Cornell
University Professor and author of Mindless Eating:
Why We Eat More Than We Think
- Pierre Watkin, talented and
prolific character actor in radio, films and TV from 1930s-1950s,
most famously portrayed Daily Planet Editor Perry White in the original Superman serials and the Banker in the 1940 W.C.
Fields film, "The Bank Dick."
- Don Wengert, former professional
baseball player who pitched in the Major Leagues from
- Paul Kirkland Webber,
Nebraska State Pickle Eating Champion 2002-2009, Voted 'Most
Important Human Being 2008'
- Adam Liudahl, KA at Vanderbilt
University and medical student at the University of Iowa
- Ryan Kisor, jazz trumpeter
- Sioux City History, accessed March 2008