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Siret is a town in Suceava County in the Northeast of Romaniamarker. The town is on the right bank of the Siret river and borders to Ukrainemarker at North.The town has 9.400 inhabitants consisting of ethnic Romanians, Ukrainians ,Poles and Germans. At the beginning of the Twentieth century there was a prominent Jewish community, but most have now emigrated to Israel. Other denominations in the town are Romanian Orthodox, Greco Catholic, Romano Catholic and Protestant.

The town of Siret is part of the historical region of Moldavia, one of three Princedoms that formed the old state of Romania. The town's location is known as the Old High Country, (a designation attached to Moldavia centuries ago) and as Bukovina. The name Bukovina (or Beech Country) was designated by the Austrian empire to the regionfollowing annexation. In time, this term has become a familiar one and it is very common nowadays.

History

Some archeological researches being made in Siret, marks of permanent habitation from neolitihical age have been discovered. The houses and the archeological traces they found were a proof of this constant habitation .Unfortunately, we have no written documents of this region and its inhabitants.

  • 1211- 1225 The Teuton Knights raised a citadel on a hill around Siret. [139598]
  • 1326 –They mention the existence of a Catholic monastery, with The body of Christ as titular saint, monastery where two Catholic monks were buried ( this piece of information is not sure ,the source being the Romano- Catholic documents)
  • 1334-By a post of the Catholic monk ,there is mentioned a monastery in Siret- civitas Sereth(this piece of information is not sure ,the source being the Romano- Catholic documents)
  • 1339-The first documentary certification of the town found in Angelio Dulcert ‘s reference book
  • 1340-A letter sent by the Dominican monks to the Pope described Siret as the capital of a little dukedom called Walachia .This document is a proof that Siret has been the capital of local princes before Moldavia was formed and confirms the choice of the Moldavian princes to name the capital in this region. In the same time we can say Siret is the first medieval urban centre from Moldavia.
  • 1351-Lodovic de Anjou, the king of Hungary, signed, at Siret, an agreement with the duke of Lithuania. This agreement marked the borders of the Moldavia.
  • 1354-1358 Siret was the capital of Moldavia during the reign of Sas Voda prince
  • 1358 -The Holy Trinity Church came to an end with its construction .It maintained its semblance till nowadays being a very important Orthodox Church In Siret. Since 1370 the church was probably an Episcopal one as along as Siret was the capital of Moldavia. The Holy Trinity church was an architectural model for the future Orthodox churches, built in Moldavia in the next 150 years. This church is part of the national heritage.
  • 1359-1365 Siret was the capital of Moldavia during the reign of Bogdan I
  • 1365 – 1373 Siret was the capital of Moldavia during the reign of Latcu Voda prince
  • 1370-The construction of Saint Baptist Church is finished.The proceedings were financed by Margareta Musat princess,mother of Petru Musat I.This church was an episcopal Roman –Catholic one since 1371.It did not maitain its semblance,being architecturally changed and it preserved less from the original construction.The church is functional nowadays and serves a very important Orthodox parish.
  • 1371- The Roman Catholic Episcopacy is brought into existence,being the first of this kind in Moldavia.Andrew of Cracow is chosen to be the bishop,the confessor of Queen Elisabeth from Hungary,the sister of king Cazimir of Poland.
  • 1371-A Latin teaching school is created,this being the first school from Moldavia.
  • 1371-1373- The first two Orthodox episcopacies from Moldavia are brought into being,subordinated to the Halici Metropolitan institution.One of the episcopacy was in Siret,the capital of the princedom.The Holy Trinity Church was,probably,an episcopal one and it was created without the assent of the Patriarchate from Constantinopolis.This matter created a conflict within the Orthodox Church.In 1401 the Patriarchate acknowledged this episcopacy,by means of the priests and princes from Moldavia and around the region.
  • 1373-A school led by the Orthodox bishop from Siret was shaped.
  • 1373-A new Latin teaching school was organized, where the Roman Catholic bishop from Siret taught.
  • 1375-1391 Moldova was reined by Petru Musat I, who held the capital in Siret till 1368.The prince was married to Vladislav Jagello’s sister, king of Poland.
  • 1377-Petru Musat shaped the first coin from the history of Moldavia.
  • 1380-Margareta Musat mother of Petru Musat I organized the first library in Moldavia. It was functional until 1573, when it was dissolved from the order of Ion Voda , the Dreadful. Some documents confirmed the library was displaced, in 1575, by Ion Golia, to Iasi ,the capital of Moldavia in that time. He raised a monastery in this region.
  • 1388 –Petru Musat established the capital of the Moldavia at Suceava.
  • 1388-Siret became an important domain for the wives of the princes ( a source of income for Petru Musat’s mother, for Ringala,wife of Alexander the Good ,for Ana ,wife of Stephan the Great.)
  • 1391-A thaumaturge was brought to the Romano Catholic church.Siret became an important pilgrimaje centre for all the believers.
  • 1395-Some schools were introduced in the region.
  • 1401-Siret was mentioned as the episcopal residence of the Armenian inhabitants .This piece of information was contested by some historians.At that time there lived a very strong Armenian community,due to their migration (1319 or 1239).In 1359 an Armenian colony was mentioned,taking into consideration the fact that here was the capital of the local dukes.
  • 1407-Alexander the Good,prince of Moldavia,offered relief from taxation for the Armenian merchants who wanted to settle down in Moldavia,the result being the establishment of many Armenian families at Siret and Suceava.At that time,Siret was a very important commercial centre,making the connection between the Black Sea and the Baltic one.
  • 1421-Alexander the Good endowed Siret to his ex wife,Ringala,sister of Vitold from Lithuania and cousin of Vladisalv Jagiello,the king of Poland.The same year,Ringala separated from Alexander the Good,due to some religious matters(she was a Catholic,and the prince,an Orthodox)
  • 1445-Stephan,the second,prince of Moldavia,signed at Siret,an attachement agreement to the Polish Crown
  • 1455-Alexandrel,prince of Moldavia,signed,at Siret,an alliance pact with Cazimir IV,king of Poland.
  • 1457-A new bishop was instituted at Lvov,the Armenian parish and community being subordinated to him.The existence of a strong Armenian community confirmed that Siret was a very important commercial centre.
  • 1473-The prince Stephan the Great gave the income of his mills from Siret to Putna monastery.This monastery is the most important XV th monument from Moldavia and it is part of the national heritage,being situated only 45 km from Siret
  • 1551-Minas from Tokhat,an Armenian episcopal secretary,visited the north of Moldavia.He wrote a poem where he described the Armenian churches from Siret,Suceava and other places,also the persecutions they had to endure.In that time Moldovia was politically instable,the reigns of the princes being too short.Some of the princes were hostile to the Armenian community,some supported them.The attitude of the princes could be justified accordig to their political position.
  • 1632-1639-At that time the Italian monk Nicolo Barsi visited Moldavia and he mentioned in his works that in Siret there was a very beautiful Dominican monastery,with John the Baptist as titular saint.This monastery had a thaumaturge spring in the garden and it was a very important pilgrimaje centre in the region.
  • 1673-Stefan Petriceicu Voda,prince of Moldavia,built ST.Onufrie church,with the same architecture as Putna monastery.This church was built on the place of an ancient one,raised by a local priest.
  • 1730-A local family,Sbiera,raised ST.Dumitru church.It was enlarged in 1909,being functional nowadays.
  • 1750-1800-They mention the existence of a Jew cementery,one of the most oldest in Europe.
  • 1763-We have pieces of information about some teachers,developing their activity in a school,near St. Onufrie.
  • 1770-The city was occupied by the Russian army,bringing with them a serios contagion of cholera.At the 1775 census only 72 families were identified in Siret.
  • 1774-Siret and the region known as Bukovina became part of the Austrian Empire.Many Germans and Jews chose to establish in this region.
  • 1777-The inhabitants from Siret grounded the alliance vow to the Austrian Empire.
  • 1781-A primary German school for boys and girls was brought into being at Siret.
  • 1782-A committee for property circumscription took shape at Siret. An accurate evidence of all properties from this region has been made until the Second World War. The documents from the territorial register represented marks which confirmed the property title.
  • 1786-Siret became county seat for the region, other 35 villages being subordinated to it.
  • 1786-Many committees were formed in Bukovina and the town reestablished from the 1770 cholera disaster.
  • 1795-Menard Beil beer factory was put into function.
  • 1826-The Roman Catholic Church construction was finalized.
  • 1828-The old City Hall was built up .Nowadays it houses a policlinic department.
  • 1840-The Jewish temple was carried up .A Hasidic school functioned within this temple.
  • 1849-The princedom of Bukovina, part of the Austrian Empire, was brought into existence. Bukovina became an autonomous region and it could control itself.
  • 1861-The legislative committee from Bukovina got together for the first time.
  • 1863-Captain Joseph von Gutter formed the archeological and historical museum society from Siret.
  • 1869-Siret numbers 6484 inhabitants ( 30% are Romanians,28% ,Jews,25% Germans,16% Ukrainians)
  • 1870-It is mentioned the existence of ‘The Romanian Club”, with a literary, musical section and a reading room.
  • 1871-The museum society organized the first archeological collection from Bukovina. This collection has been donated to the Country Museum from Cernauti ,Ukraine.
  • 1876-The school from Siret started its activity.
  • 1862-1887 -4 bakehouses, 1 butchery and a mill were set up in the region.
  • 1887-1900 Many factories were introduced ( processing skins ,domestic and face soap, glue and candles, shoe cream ,liqueur ,bricks ,pottery)
  • 1893- A large group of Polish emigrants from Russia settled down in Siret. The Russian government asked them to leave Ukraine, offering them some land in Siberia.52 families established in Siret, as a result .At that time the prefect was a Polish one and he facilitated their establishment in the region.
  • 1896-A cat plant, property of a citizen called Kraft, started its activity.
  • 1898 – The local station was put into work.
  • 1905-A building where the Siret Court functioned was built up. Nowadays it houses the local hospital.
  • 1907-The waterworks system started to function.
  • 1908-A building where the local Prefecture functioned was raised up. Nowadays it shelters the local psychiatric hospital.
  • 1908 –The Greco Catholic church started its activity.
  • 1908 –The electric house began its operation.
  • 1913-‘Tudor Flondor “musical society was formed, organizing its first concert.
  • 1914-1917 The line between the Austrian and Russian armies goes on the outskirts of the town, having a great impact for the region. The line of the front can be seen in some places up to now.
  • 1917-1918 The town was occupied by the Russian army, turning it off. In March 1918 the Austrian army settled down in Siret.
  • 1918 November –The Romanian army arrived in town .As a result of the Austrian surrender, there was the possibility this region be occupied by the Russian army.
  • 1918 November-3 representants from Siret participated at the General Congress of Bukovina that decided this region be annexed to Romanian borders.
  • 1919-The German and Jew communities from Siret admitted the unification of Bukovina to Romania.
  • 1930-The socio economical situation of Siret could be described this way; it had 7397 inhabitants .From the industrial point of view ,it had 2 steam mills,1beer factory,1 tawery,4 bricks factories, coopery shops. Siret had, also ,1 high school,2 primary schools,2 kindergartens and 1 cinema. Two banks could be found; the local commercial bank and the householders” .The church was very well represented; 3 Orthodox churches, 1 Greco Catholic,1 Romano Catholic,1 Lutheran Evangelical,7 Jew churches ,1 neoprotestant,1 Orthodox protopope representant. The town had a City Hall, Prefecture, District Court, Taxation bureau, veterinary and sanitary services, public notar ,police station ,telephonic office ,agricultural society. The medical services were well represented by one hospital, ‘Prince Mircea dispensary, social insurances house, ‘Red Cross ‘ branch office. German and Israelite ladies societies, one Jew benevolence association developed their activity in Siret.
  • 1934-1936 The Evangelical Church was raised up, acting as an Orthodox church nowadays.
  • The 28 th of July, 1940-As a result of the Russian ultimatum, Romania drew back the army and the administration from the North of Bukovina and the borderline between the two states was established near Siret up to now.200.000 peoples took refuge in Romania.
  • 1947-The Romanian Popular Republic was constituted .Siret was included into the socialist development programmes.
Block of flats districts were built up according to the communist standards. Alimentary and textile factories were introduced.
  • 1989-The Communist government was finally banished. Siret went by a very difficult economical situation. Little by little,every factory was closed. Since 2000, the town has changed, due to some foreign investors .The most important is Swedwood factory, part of IKEA concern. English, Italian and Portuguese firms develop their activity in this region.


Tourism and culture

Siret is the oldest urban centre from Moldova and one of the most oldest towns in Romania.Betwwen 1354-1388 Siret was the capital of Moldavia princedom.Our town preserves different monuments of great cultural value and touristic amusement.Among the most important monuments of the town,we can mention Saint Trinity Church,built between 1354-1358.This was the royal church in the period when Siret was the capital of Moldavia.It is known as an architectural monument,being a model for all the churches built in Moldavia till 1500.This church is part of the national heritage.In Siret there are two old churches built around 1670,on the place of another churches.St. John the Baptist Church is situated in the centre of the town,on the place of a former Roman –Catholic episcopal church between 1371-1572.Due to the anti Catholic politics of the Moldavian princes,around 1600 the Roman Catholic churches lost many parishioners and their source of income,the result being their decay.The church was rebuilt in 1673 by Stefan Petriceicu Voda prince,a good friend of the Polish king and of the Catholic community.The same prince built St. Onufrie Church in 1673,on the place of an old church raised in 1560.He was very akin to Siret,being born in a village near the town.Other important monuments are the Jewish cementeries and the synagogue.The medieval Jewish cementery is considered ,by some historics, the oldest from the East of Europe.The setting of the town offers favourable touristic conditions.The barrier lake is an amusement place,being visited by many fishermen and by those who want to spend their time in nature.There is a forest around the town,too.We can mention the inter ethnic activities from Siret.Besides the Romanian community,we have Polish,Ukrainian and German representants.Orthodox,Greco-Catholic and Romano-Catholic churches run their course in this area.One of the most important events that gathers all the communities is the holy day –The Christ Baptism,celebrated on the 6th of January.On the bank of Siret river a holy water ceremony takes place,being held by all the ethnic priests.All the local communities happily witness the celebration.There is ,also, a mutual participation of the community,for different ethnic feast days.We are very proud of attaining a good will and reciprocal respect climate in a multiconfessional and multiethnic town.The cultural interethnic activities are centred on the Ukrainian community,the most active in promoting their own culture and values.”Kolomeika”choir develops its activity in Siret,improving not only the Ukrainian culture,but the other ethnic traditions of our town.And,not at least,the nearness to Ukraine( around 3 km to the border) was an encouraging exponent for the Ukrainian cultural activities”. Kolomeika” participated at some different shows,organized by the national television TVR1 ,TVR 2 and at international contests in Italia,Ukraine.You cand find more information on [139599].The Polish community is not very active,but it develops some cultural and educational activities,promoted by the Roman –Catholic church.’Dom Polski’ Polish Association organizes youth camps in Poland every year.Some very good Polish speakers youth from Siret have studied in Poland.The German community,part of the German Democratic Forum, has less activities,but it supports the activity of the German kindergarten.Talking about tourism,we can mention the area near Siret.At 35–40 km from our town, there are two important monasteries:Putna and Sucevita,part of UNESCO heritage.There is a village,nearby Siret,specialized in black pottery objects,taking into account that there are only two places in Europe specialized in this kind of activity.We have,in this area,popular masters whose main activity is the realization of stalked Easter eggs.They were,initially, specific Easter objects,but,nowadays,they are considered set pieces,dur to their artistic beauty, and they decorate our houses.The accommodation offerings are not so generous in the present.An 8 accommodation pension is situated nearby the barrier lake.We have,also, a hotel,but its construction is stopped at the present. At present,this problem was seriously taken into consideration by the local administration.

Born in Siret

    Elisabeta Lipa – rower


Date of birth : October 26, 1964Place of birth : Siret, Suceava districtAt the present, she is the president of the Romanian Row Confederation and of Dinamo Sports Club, Bucharest .

Olympic• 1984 Summer Olympics, Gold Medal, Double Scull (2x)• 1988 Summer Olympics, Silver Medal, Double Scull (2x)• 1988 Summer Olympics, Bronze Medal, Quadruple Scull (4x)• 1992 Summer Olympics, Silver Medal, Double Scull(1x)• 1992 Summer Olympics, Gold Medal, Single Scull (1x)• 1996 Summer Olympics, Gold Medal, Eight (8+)• 2000 Summer Olympics, Gold Medal, Eight (8+)• 2004 Summer Olympics, Gold Medal, Eight (8+)

Rowing World Championships• 1982, 3rd, Quadruple Scull• 1983, 3rd, Double Scull• 1985, 2nd, Double Scull• 1986, 2nd, Double Scull• 1987, 2nd, Double Scull• 1989, 2nd, Double Scull• 1989, 1st, Single Scull• 1990, 6th, Single Scull• 1991, 2nd, Single Scull• 1991, 2nd, Double Scull• 1993, 7th, Single Scull• 1993, 6th, Double Scull• 1994, 3rd, Eight• 1994, 2nd, Double Scull• 1999, 9th, Quad• 2003, 2nd, Eight

National Championship; She was national champion for 25 times.She held the national flag at Sidney (2000) and Athens (2004) Olympics.

The rower of the centuryIn 2000, Elisabeta Lipa was declared the best rower of the XX century by the international confederation. She was awarded the most important distinction, the 2000 Thomas Keller Medal at the Rowing World Cup at Lucerne. Another important distinction she was awarded is’ The Golden Collar ‘trophy.In 2008, she was entitled citizen of honor in Siret.

      HAIURA MARCEL MIHAI


Date of birth : 04.08.1966Residence: Petru-Musat Street, nr.26, Siret, Suceava districtHe has Greco-Roman identification card since 1978.Results:- Cadeti national vice-champion, 18.-20.06.1982, Craiova- Cadeti national school champion, 08-10.05.1982, Constanta- Cadeti national team champion, 5-6.o6.1982, Brasov- National junior champion,9-10.07.1982,Piatra Neamt- Cadeti school national champion, 25-27.02.1983, Focsani- National junior team champion, 24-25.05.1983- National republican champion, 26-28 x.1984Third position-Olympic Hopes national championshipOlympic Hopes national vice champion, 25-27.04.1986National senior team vice champion, 19.20.12.1987Third position –International senior tour, Czechia, 1988Second position –International senior Tour, Hungary, 1989First position-International Tour, Poland, 1990Second position- International Tour, Greece, 1991Second position –National senior team championship, Bucharest, 25-27.10.1991Third position-Romanian international championships, 15-17.07.1992Second position-National senior team championships, Slatina, 1992He is member of Romanian national senior team.National senior champion-9-11.04.1993, ConstantaThird position-National senior team championship, 28-29.08.1993National senior vice champion, 3-4.06.1994Romanian international vice champion 1994National senior vice champion, 1995Third position –Super senior league, 15-17.12.1995, BucharestThird position- National senior championship, 29.05-1.06.1996, BucharestSecond position-National senior team championship, 6-8.12.1996, SlatinaThird position-National senior championship, 28.02-2.03.1997OLD BOYS world championship, Hungary, 9-12.08.2001

Coach/Teacher- since 2005He had the following results, as coach;

Lulciuc Florin –national kids vice champion, 2006Schipor Cristi –third position-National kids championshipBordeianu Catalin- third position-National kids championshipBighei Robert- third position-National kids championship-2007Bighei Robert-third position-Cadeti national championship-2008Lulciuc Florin-Cadeti national vice championship, 2008Three county champions- 2007Seven county champions- 2008Six county champions- 2009Bighei Robert-member of Cadeti national team, Piatra NeamtBighei Robert first position- National team championships,first phase ,BucharestBighei Radu first position –school phase, BotosaniCutas Bogdan-third position-school phase, BotosaniBighei Robert-Third position-school phase,BotosaniBreaban Iulian-third position-school phase,Botosani.

      Victorin Ursache, the archimandrite


He was born at July 24, 1912, in Manastioara-Siret ,Radauti district. High school graduated, he studied theology, philosophy and pedagogy at Cernauti University, taking his degree in theology .He also studied at the Archeological and Biblical Institute from Jerusalem. In 1937 he was ordained monk and deacon at Neamt monastery. He was teacher and vice principal at Neamt seminary, too. In 1940 he became chief master, being appointed superior at Neamt seminary and at Secu monastery. In 1942 he was named archimandrite.
In 1947 he represented the Orthodox Mission and the Romanian churches at Jerusalem. In 1956, due to Andrei Moldovan bishop”s request, he left for America, where he taught moral, pastoral and dogmatic theology in South Canaan,Pennsylvania.
After Andrei Moldovan”s death  ,the Romanian Orthodox Episcopacy from America and Canada  appointed Victorin Ursache  bishop at April 23, 1966 and the Holy Synod agreed with this choice at June 6, 1966..He was ordained as bishop at August 7, 1966 and the ceremony took place 2 weeks later at the Holy Trinity Cathedral, in Michigan, Detroit.
He was very spiritually involved in church activities, being a symbol of the Romanian Orthodox church connections to the other Christian denominations on the American continent. Due to the Holy Synod “s decision, the Romanian Orthodox Episcopacy from America and Canada became  archiepiscopacy and the leader ,an archbishop. In 1999, he was declared citizen of honor in Siret.


      Yitzhak Artzi


He was born at November 14, 1920, in Siret, Bukovina. He was a vey active member of “Zionist Youth “ movement from Romania ,being one of the leaders. He actively involved in the Zionist clandestine movement during the Second World War. He was of a great help in saving children from the transit camps in Transnistria and in organizing Jew clandestine emigration activities form Europe to Palestine (1944-1946).
In 1946 he left for Israel, too. He was the leader, only for a short period of time, of the Jew transit camps from Cyprus. He was, also, member of Bambak movement (known as Aloni-Abba) during 1947-1950.
In Israel, he studied Law and Economy at the Tel Aviv University, taking his law degree .In the same period, he was editor at Zaminim paper and president of Tel Aviv Editorial Board (1944-1946).
He decides to be a very active member of the political life, choosing the Progressive Party .He was appointed general secretary during 1959-1961.Helped by some former Progressive party members, as Yehuda Shaari , he founded The Independent Liberal Party .During 1961-1965 he was general secretary of the Liberal Party  and of the Independent one(1965-1966). He was appointed second mayor of Tel Aviv (1974-1979), vice-mayor (1979-1983) and deputy for the Israeli Parliament (Knesset) -1984-1988, going to the polls for the Shinui Party.
Afterwards, he has been named president of the commission charged with the Hasid Umot Haolam ( Freedom among nations) award for  the people who saved Jews during the Holocaust.He was president of Jewish World Organization from Bukovina.He also published „The biography of a Zionist”,a work written in Romanian(1999, at Hasefer”s)  wrote different articles for „Maariv’,” HaAretz”,’HaBokar” and „Tmorot” papers.
Yitzhak Artzi died at September 18, 2003,in Israel.He is the father of the Israeli singer Shlomo Atrzi and of the Jewish writer Nava Semel.
In 2000,he was entitled citizen of honor in Siret.



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