Sitamarhi is a town and the
district headquarters of Sitamarhi district, Bihar, India.
This is the place where Sita
was born, the main
character of the epic Ramayana
is situated along the border of Nepal.
district of Sitamarhi was carved out of Muzaffarpur
district on 11 December 1972.
It is situated in the
northern part of Bihar. Its headquarter is located at Dumra, five
kilometres south of Sitamarhi.
Sitamarhi is a sacred place in Hindu mythology. Its history goes
back to Treta Yug
. Sita, the wife of Rama
sprang to life out of an earthern pot, when Raja Janak was
ploughing the field Punaura near Sitamarhi to impress upon Lord
for rain. It is said that Raja Janak
excavated a tank at the place where Sita emerged and after her
marriage set up the stone figures of Rama, Sita and Laxman to mark
the site. This tank is known as Janaki-kund and is south of the
In course of time, the land lapsed into a jungle until about 500
years ago, when a Hindu ascetic, named Birbal Das came to know the
site by divine inspiration. He came down from Ayodhya and cleared
the jungle. He found the images set up by Raja Janak, built a
temple over there and commenced the worship of Janaki or Sita. The
Janaki Mandir is apparently modern and is about 100 years old only.
The town however contains no relics of archaeological
This district is often bereaved by natural calamities. One of the
most devastating is excess flooding due to mis-management of the
banks by both civilians and government officials.
Sitamarhi is located at . It has an average elevation of
This particular District have produced great leaders, such as
Thakur Jugal Kishore Singh (Freedom Fighter and Member of 1st
Lok-Sabha) and later on this District came into limelight when
Smt.Ram Dulari Sinha was inducted in Indira Gandhi's Council Of
Ministers and Shri Rajiv Gandhi's successively Smt. Ram Dulari
Sinha later became the Governor.She was also elected Vice-Chairman
of the International Labour Organisation.Currently The command of
leadership in Sitamarhi and adjoining Districts is held by
Prof. Madhurendra Kumar Singh' of the
Indian National Congress.
won the Sitamarhi assembly seat in the
2005 (October) state assembly elections. In 2000, Sahid Ali Khan of
defeated Harishankar Prasad of BJP who is
Sunil Kumar's father. In 1995, Harishankar Prasad of BJP defeated
Shahid Ali Khan representing JD
. In 1990,
Sahid Ali Khan representing JD defeated Hari Shankar Prasad, then
an Independent candidate. In 1977, Ram Sagar Pd. Yadav of INC
defeated Ram Swartha Roy of JNP
Madhurendra Kumar Singh of the Indian National Congress is
considered to be the only honest leader of the Sitamarhi and
Sheohar Districts who's generations have served the nation and his
loyalty towards the Congress Party is commendable.