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Sitamarhi is a town and the district headquarters of Sitamarhi districtmarker, Biharmarker, Indiamarker.


This is the place where Sita was born, the main character of the epic Ramayana. The town is situated along the border of Nepalmarker. The district of Sitamarhi was carved out of Muzaffarpur districtmarker on 11 December 1972. It is situated in the northern part of Bihar. Its headquarter is located at Dumramarker, five kilometres south of Sitamarhi.

Sitamarhi is a sacred place in Hindu mythology. Its history goes back to Treta Yug. Sita, the wife of Rama sprang to life out of an earthern pot, when Raja Janak was ploughing the field Punaura near Sitamarhi to impress upon Lord Indra for rain. It is said that Raja Janak excavated a tank at the place where Sita emerged and after her marriage set up the stone figures of Rama, Sita and Laxman to mark the site. This tank is known as Janaki-kund and is south of the Janaki Mandir.

In course of time, the land lapsed into a jungle until about 500 years ago, when a Hindu ascetic, named Birbal Das came to know the site by divine inspiration. He came down from Ayodhya and cleared the jungle. He found the images set up by Raja Janak, built a temple over there and commenced the worship of Janaki or Sita. The Janaki Mandir is apparently modern and is about 100 years old only. The town however contains no relics of archaeological interest.

This district is often bereaved by natural calamities. One of the most devastating is excess flooding due to mis-management of the banks by both civilians and government officials.


Sitamarhi is located at . It has an average elevation of 56 metres (183 feet).


This particular District have produced great leaders, such as Thakur Jugal Kishore Singh (Freedom Fighter and Member of 1st Lok-Sabha) and later on this District came into limelight when Smt.Ram Dulari Sinha was inducted in Indira Gandhi's Council Of Ministers and Shri Rajiv Gandhi's successively Smt. Ram Dulari Sinha later became the Governor.She was also elected Vice-Chairman of the International Labour Organisation.Currently The command of leadership in Sitamarhi and adjoining Districts is held by Prof. Madhurendra Kumar Singh' of the Indian National Congress.Sunil Kumar of BJP won the Sitamarhi assembly seat in the 2005 (October) state assembly elections. In 2000, Sahid Ali Khan of RJD defeated Harishankar Prasad of BJP who is Sunil Kumar's father. In 1995, Harishankar Prasad of BJP defeated Shahid Ali Khan representing JD. In 1990, Sahid Ali Khan representing JD defeated Hari Shankar Prasad, then an Independent candidate. In 1977, Ram Sagar Pd. Yadav of INC defeated Ram Swartha Roy of JNP. Prof. Madhurendra Kumar Singh of the Indian National Congress is considered to be the only honest leader of the Sitamarhi and Sheohar Districts who's generations have served the nation and his loyalty towards the Congress Party is commendable.


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